20-22 May 2015
Asia/Bangkok timezone
The Centennial Celebration of General Relativity Theory and 80 Years of Thai Physics Graduate

Production of Biodiesel through Transesterification of Palm Oil Using Waste Eggshells Catalyst

21 May 2015, 13:00
3h 30m
Board: MNA-28
Poster presentation Material Physics, Nanoscale Physics and Nanotechnology Poster-3

Speaker

Ms Juthamas Inthanont (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, THAILAND 10140)

Description

The aim of this research was synthesized biodiesel from palm oil using transesterification calcium oxide from various eggshells catalyst. The chicken, duck, ostrich, quail, and crocodile eggshells were heated at 1300 ${}^{\circ}$C for 4 h. The ratio of methanol, palm oil and calcium oxide from eggshell were 10 g, 3.0 ml and 0.8 g, respectively. The temperature of biodiesel synthesis was control at 65 ${}^{\circ}$C for 3 h. The properties of biodiesel from eggshell catalyst and commercial were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (NMR). The UV-vis and FTIR results show that the biodiesel synthesized from all eggshells catalyst were corresponding with commercial biodiesel. The NMR results show that the yield of biodiesel from CaO of quail eggshells catalyst had higher than other eggshells. This research shows that the CaO from waste eggshells catalyst can be used transesterification of biodiesel.

Primary author

Ms Juthamas Inthanont (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, THAILAND 10140)

Co-authors

Mr Ekachai Hoonnivathana (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, THAILAND 10900) Dr Kittisakchai Naemchanthara (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, THAILAND 10140) Prof. Pichet Limsuwan (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, THAILAND 10140) Dr Weeranut Kaewwiset (Department of Physics, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhon Pathom, THAILAND 73140)

Presentation Materials

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