June 28, 2015 to July 2, 2015
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort
Etc/GMT-7 timezone

[Invited] Study of Temperature Wave Propagation in Superfluid Helium to Cool Radio-Frequency Cavities

Jul 1, 2015, 4:45 PM
Tucson Ballroom GH

Tucson Ballroom GH

Invited Oral Presentation CEC-13 - Helium II Properties and Systems C3OrJ - Special Session: Helium II Properties and Systems


Torsten Koettig (CERN)


Oscillating Superleak Transducers (OSTs) can be used to localize quenches in superconducting radio-frequency cavities. Local hot spots at the cavity surface initiate temperature waves in the surrounding superfluid helium that acts as cooling fluid at typical temperatures in the range of 1.6 K to 2 K. The temperature wave is characterised by the properties of superfluid helium as the second sound velocity. For high heat load densities second sound velocities greater than the standard literature values are observed. This fast propagation has been verified in dedicated small scale experiments. Resistors were used to simulate the quench spots under controlled conditions. The three dimensional propagation of second sound is linked to OST signals and is improving the understanding of the OST signal especially there incident angle dependency. The characterised OSTs are used as a tool for quench localisation on a real size cavity. Their sensitivity as well as the time resolution was proven to be superior to temperature sensors, which were glued to the surface of the cavity.

Primary author


Benedikt Josef Peters (KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (DE)) Johan Bremer (CERN) Tobias Junginger (CERN)

Presentation materials