28 June 2015 to 2 July 2015
JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort
Etc/GMT-7 timezone

Correlation of critical current density of bulk MgB2 having high connectivity between SC grains with concentration and distribution of higher magnesium borides and oxygen-enriched inhomogeneities, the role of Ti additions

1 Jul 2015, 12:15
15m
Tucson Ballroom CD ()

Tucson Ballroom CD

Contributed Oral Presentation ICMC-04 - MgB2 Processing and Properties M3OrB - Superconductor Wires IV: MgB2 and Applications

Speaker

Prof. Tatiana Prikhna (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine)

Description

MgB2-based bulk materials synthesized under 30 MPa – 2 GPa pressure demonstrated an enhanced connectivity, AF ~50–98% compared to other reports (below 50%) and a shielding fraction of 75–100 %. The materials demonstrate high critical current densities, jc, but no strict correlation was found between AF and jc. On the other hand, we found correlations between jc and the distribution of nanostructural inhomogenities like impurity oxygen as oxygen-enriched Mg–B–O nanolayers or nanoinclusions and its solution in the MgB2 matrix and with the amount and size of higher magnesium borides MgBx, x≥4 inclusions. With increasing MgB2 manufacturing temperature from 600÷800oC to 1050÷1100oC the Mg–B–O nanolayers transform into separate dispersed Mg–B–O inclusions and the sizes of inclusions of higher magnesium borides are decreased. The tendency is observed in a wide range of synthesis pressure (0.1 MPa–2 GPa). The described structural transformations are accompanied by an increase of jc in low and medium magnetic fields and by transition from the grain boundary to the point pinning. The Ti addition results in a further increase in jc due to: Ti promotes the formation of MgBx inclusions and segregation of oxygen in a MgB2 matrix, thus shifting the formation of Mg–B–O separate nanoinclusions to lower synthesis temperatures and facilitates the formation of a homogeneous MgB2 matrix with lower oxygen content, but with an increased number of Mg–B–O and MgBx pinning centers. Ti-contained inclusions are rather big to be pinning centers by itself. Besides, Ti absorbs impurity hydrogen forming titanium hydrides, thus preventing material from cracking and formation of MgH2, especially at low synthesis temperatures. The results of the jc and AC loss study by transformer method and trapped magnetic field using rings from MgB2 are discussed.

Primary author

Prof. Tatiana Prikhna (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine)

Co-authors

Mr Anton Shaternik (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) Dr Artem Kozyrev (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) Prof. Harald W. Weber (Atominstitut, Vienna University of Technology) Dr Michael Eisterer (Atominstitut, Vienna University of Technology) Prof. Myroslav Karpets (Institute for Problems in Material Science, NAS Ukraine) Dr Tatiana Basyuk (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) Mr Valeriy Kovylaev (Institute for Problems in Material Science, NAS Ukraine) Mr Viktor Moshchil (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) Prof. Vladimir Sokolovsky (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) Dr Vladimir Sverdun (Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) Dr Wilfried Goldacker (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) Prof. Wolfgang Gawalek (Magnetworld AG)

Presentation Materials