# 17th International Conference on Ion Sources

15-20 October 2017
CERN
Europe/Zurich timezone

## Implementation of Design Changes Towards a More Reliable, Hands-off Magnetron Ion Source

18 Oct 2017, 15:00
20m
CERN

#### CERN

Centre international de Conférence Genève (CICG). http://www.cicg.ch/
Oral presentaion Negative ion sources

### Speaker

Alejandro Garcia Sosa (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)

### Description

As the main H$^{-}$ ion source for the accelerator complex, magnetron ion sources have been used at Fermilab since the 1970’s. At the offline test stand, new R&D is carried out to develop and upgrade the present magnetron-type sources of H$^{-}$ ions of up to 80 mA and 35 keV beam energy in the context of the Proton Improvement Plan. The aim of this plan is to provide high-power proton beams for the experiments at FNAL. In order to reduce the amount of tuning and monitoring of these ion sources, a new electronic system consisting of a current-regulated arc discharge modulator allow the ion source to run at a constant arc current for improved beam output and operation. A solenoid-type gas valve feeds H$_2$ gas into the source precisely and independently of ambient temperature. This summary will cover several studies and design changes that have been tested and will eventually be implemented on the operational magnetron sources at Fermilab. Innovative results for this type of ion source include cathode geometries, solenoid gas valves, current controlled arc pulser, cesium boiler redesign, gas mixtures of hydrogen and nitrogen, and duty factor reduction, with the aim to improve source lifetime, stability, and reducing the amount of tuning needed. In this summary, I will highlight the advances made in ion sources at Fermilab and will outline the directions of the continuing R&D effort.

### Primary authors

Alejandro Garcia Sosa (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory) Mr Daniel S. Bollinger (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory) Dr Cheng-Yang Tan (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory) Mr Patrick R. Karns (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)

### Presentation materials

 T4_CO_09_Sosa.pdf T4_CO_09_Sosa.pptx