In Korea, large scientific facilities started to build in parallel with the economic growth from late 1980s. The 3rd generation synchrotron-based, 2 GeV electron accelerator, the Pohang Light Source (PLS), was the biggest scientific endeavor in Korean history at that time. Few heavy industries for nuclear power with decent technical level, large ship building industries, semiconductor chip makers and a steel company were all engineering and technological resources from the industrial sector. After PLS, consecutive large science projects have been deployed with bigger scales in cost and technical complexities. A few of those are KSTAR, KOMAC, RAON, KSLV, KHIMA and ITER. During the rapid expansion period of last 30 years, there have been a noticeable change in the industrial sector. New startups driven by the advanced technology development have emerged and networked with laboratories as well as themselves, establishing new industrial clusters of companies for developing new and advanced technologies. This change definitely give impacts to the policy and strategy on the large science facilities deployment.
In this presentation, few cases will be shown as an example and some insight will be drawn for the future.