IWDMS2018 - International Workshop on Dark Matter and Stars

Europe/Lisbon
Anfiteatro Abreu Faro (Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon)

Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
Description

Stars scattered through the Milky Way and the Universe form a network of laboratories to test the nature of dark matter in unique and diverse conditions which are not within reach of dark matter experimental detectors. The high-quality data obtained from solar and astronomical observatories on Earth and space allows to use stars to study the nature of dark matter, and to put stringent constraints on their properties.

The goal of the international workshop on “Dark Matter and Stars” is to bring together scientists working across different research fields of stellar astrophysics and dark matter to discuss the current status and the future prospects of dark matter research. This meeting aims to discuss the recent advances in dark matter particle candidates, solar and stellar astrophysics, including helioseismology and asteroseismology, as well as compact astrophysical objects like neutron stars and white dwarfs. Moreover, we will also discuss the possibilities open by the next generation of stellar space observatories to the research in dark matter.

We seek to encourage dialogue between different research groups to enhance collaboration and help to improve our understanding of the dark matter. The workshop was also planned with the aim of introducing the dark matter research field to encourage attendance by young scientists including PhD students.

The meeting will be held at the Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation of the Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

Participants:

Oral presentations are by invitation only. The participants will be able to present posters during the workshop. The registration in the workshop is free. The number of participants is limited to ensure a manageable number of activities and create good opportunities for the participants to interact. The selection of the final participant list is the responsibility of the organising committee. The criteria to choose the participants is based on availability and also on the workshop goals, as described above.

 

Local Organizing Committee:

Ilídio Lopes (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

José Vargas Lopes (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

Violetta Sagun (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon; BITP)

Secretary: Dulce Conceição

 

Scientific Committee:

 

Riccardo Catena (Chalmers Univ. of Techn.)

Ilídio Lopes (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

Ana Mourão (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

Amaro Rica da Silva (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

José Sande Lemos (CENTRA, IST, Univ. of Lisbon)

Joseph Silk (Univ. of Sorb.; Johns Hopkins Univ.; Univ. of Oxford)

 

Invited Speakers:

Malcolm Fairbairn (King’s College London, London, UK)

Anne Green (University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK)

Jordi Isern (Institute of Space Sciences, Barcelona, Spain)

Christoforos Kouvaris (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark)

Ángeles Pérez-García (Universidade de Salamanca, Spain)

Pearl Sandick (University of Utah, USA)

Aldo Serenelli (Institute of Space Sciences, Barcelona, Spain)

Pat Scott (Imperial College London, UK)

Laura Tolós (Institute of Space Sciences, Spain and ITP & FIAS, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany)

Aaron Vincent (Queen’s University, Canada)

Participants
  • Aaron Vincent
  • Adrián Ayala
  • Aldo Serenelli
  • Amaro Silva
  • Ana Brito
  • Ana Mourão
  • Andrii Dashko
  • Anne Green
  • Anton Rudakovskyi
  • Beatriz Pereira
  • Bruno Silva
  • Carlos Frajuca
  • Christoforos kouvaris
  • Daria Dobrycheva
  • Denys Savchenko
  • Diogo Capelo
  • Diogo Ribeiro
  • Filipe Geraldo
  • Fiorella Burgio
  • Grigorios Panotopoulos
  • Hugo Terças
  • Ilídio Lopes
  • Jakub Jacek Malczewski
  • Jordi Isern
  • Joseph Silk
  • José Lopes
  • José Sande Lemos
  • Laura Tolos
  • M. Ángeles Pérez-García
  • Malcolm Fairbairn
  • Marcello Baldo
  • Maria Tantalo
  • Marina Cermeño
  • Miguel Ferreira
  • Miguel Zilhão
  • Mário Aires
  • Nadja Magalhães
  • Nelson Eiró
  • Nitin Shukla
  • Nuno M. Santos
  • Oleksii Ivanytskyi
  • Pat Scott
  • Pearl Sandick
  • Pedro Gomes
  • Pedro Pedrosa
  • Raghuveer Garani
  • Remo Garattini
  • Rodrigo Vicente
  • Santiago González-Gaitán
  • Sara Marques
  • Sara Peça
  • Sylvie Vauclair
  • Thomas Lacroix
  • Violetta Sagun
  • Vítor Cardoso
  • Tuesday, 11 December
    • 08:30 09:00
      Registration Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 09:00 09:09
      Opening session - José Lemos and Ilídio Lopes Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
      Convener: Ilidio Lopes (CENTRA-IST)
    • 09:09 09:10
      Session 1 - Chair: Ilídio Lopes Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 09:10 10:00
      Solar Models, neutrinos and helioseismology 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      The exquisite data provided by helioseismology and, more recently, by solar neutrino experiments allow us to determine the physical conditions in the solar interior. Our understanding of solar interior physics, represented by solar models, can then be tested precisely. In this talk, I will review the current status of solar models and the most recent results on solar neutrinos, and discuss some caveats in current models. I will then highlight some open questions for solar physics, stellar and particle physics

      Speaker: Aldo Serenelli (Institute of Space Sciences (IEEC-CSIC))
    • 10:00 10:50
      The effects of dark matter on Sun-like stars: neutrinos and helioseismology 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      I will introduce the effects of dark matter capture in Sun-like stars, as they pass through the distribution of dark matter known to fill the Milky Way. I will focus on the effects of heat conduction by weakly interacting particles such as asymmetric dark matter: specifically, a reduction of central temperature and thus a significant change in the solar neutrino fluxes, as well as changes in the radius-dependent sound speed, reflected in high-precision helioseismology measurements. Such effects may help solve the solar abundance problem, a > 6-sigma discrepancy between the predicted and observed structure of the Sun in the Standard Solar Model, which has confounded solar physicists for over a decade. I will briefly discuss other effects of dark matter on stars, as well as complementary probes from laboratory experiments.

      Speaker: Aaron Vincent (Queen's University)
    • 10:50 11:20
      Poster session & Coffee break 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 11:20 12:10
      Dark matter in the stars: axions and asymmetric dark matter 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      I will discuss recent progress in the hunt for axions and asymmetric dark matter using the Sun and other stars. First, I will present the results of global fits to axion and axion-like particle models, including constraints from horizontal branch stars, searches for solar axions, and white dwarf cooling. I will then present some preliminary results of explicit Monte Carlo simulation of energy transport in the Sun by dark matter with velocity- and momentum-dependent interactions with nucleons.

      Speaker: Pat Scott
    • 12:10 12:30
      Dark matter, general relativity and the rotation curve of UGC 128 20m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      General relativity can be used to fit the rotation curves of galaxies with less dark matter than it is necessary when other theories of gravitation are applied. In this approach a galaxy is modelled as low density baryonic dust in stationary, axially-symmetric rotation, in which case it has already been shown that non-linear gravitational effects play a significant role in the overall motion of matter. The fits can be used to determine mass densities as functions of galactocentric distances and heights, therefore yielding galactic masses. As a first approximation to their morphologies, we discovered that new information about the galaxies can be obtained from their mass-density functions. Our pproach is applied here to the galaxy UGC 128, whose results are compared to those previously obtained for NGC 2403. Studies comparing these two galaxies were published before, either assuming the existence of dark matter or using MOND. These two galaxies are at identical positions on the Tully-Fisher relation, having almost identical luminosities. As well, they have almost identical rotation velocities and they are morphologically very similar. However, they display large differences in surface brightness. Despite their almost identical rotational velocity profile, using our approach we found that their mass density profiles may be significantly different. In this poster we will display our results and highlight their implications for the understanding of the nature of dark matter.

      Speaker: Nadja Magalhães (Federal University of São Paulo - Brazil)
    • 12:30 14:00
      Lunch break 1h 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:00 14:29
      Poster session Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:29 14:30
      Session 2 - Chair: Vítor Cardoso Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:30 15:20
      White dwarf stars as physics laboratories 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      White dwarfs are the final remnants of low and intermediate mass main sequence stars. Because of electron degeneracy, their evolution is just a cooling process. The basic ingredients to understand their evolution are well identified (although not all of them completely understood), and there is at present an important observational background that allows to check the different models of cooling.

      The majority of white dwarfs can be imagined as a degenerate core made of a mixture of 12C, 16O plus several impurities that contains the bulk of mass and acts as an energy reservoir, surrounded by a semidegenerate envelope that controls the flux of energy from the interior to free space. Since the corresponding cooling rate can be obtained from their luminosity function or the secular drift of their period of pulsation, it is possible to consider them as a calorimeter turning around the center of the Galaxy. Therefore, these properties can be used to detect the existence of additional, unexpected, energy sources or sinks. In this talk I describe how white dwarfs can be used as detectors and I apply them to the case of axions.

      Speaker: Jordi Isern
    • 15:20 16:00
      Trojan Horse mechanism of dark matter inside neutron stars 40m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      In this talk I will present recent progress on the study of dark matter models where gravitationally captured dark matter can self-annihilate inside a dense star (neutron star) and subsequently produce changes in the microscopic matter conditions. Depending on selected dark candidate
      mass and interaction cross-section to nucleons this fact could lead to a new mechanism to form even denser stars.

      Speaker: M. Ángeles Pérez-García (University of Salamanca and IUFFyM)
    • 16:00 16:30
      Poster session & Coffee break 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 16:30 17:20
      Interaction of Primordial Black Holes with Stars 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      TBA

      Speaker: Malcolm Fairbairn (Physics, King's College London)
    • 17:20 17:50
      Discussion panel Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      Discussion panel composed by the invited speakers led by Joseph Silk.

    • 19:30 21:30
      Workshop dinner
  • Wednesday, 12 December
    • 09:09 09:10
      Session 3 - Chair: Ana Mourão Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 09:10 10:00
      Review on the hadronic equation of state for neutron stars 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      The equation of state (EoS) of dense hadronic matter is of crucial importance for the description of the static and dynamical properties of neutron stars. In this talk I will review the current status of the hadronic EoS for neutron stars, from the point of both ab-initio many-body approaches and phenomenological models. The theoretical predictions for the hadronic EoS will be compared to the data coming from both nuclear physics experiments and astrophysical observations, providing insights for future research.

      Speaker: Laura Tolos
    • 10:00 10:25
      Influence of the tetraneutron condensate on properties of neutron stars 25m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      Based on recent experimental and theoretical hints on possible formation of a resonant four-neutron system we study effects of appearance of such a cluster in neutron rich baryon matter inside neutron stars. For this purpose we employ a relativistic mean field approach which includes nucleons, Δ-baryons as well as light nuclear clusters. The Pauli blocking which suppresses tetraneutrons and stable clusters is explicitly included to the model as well. Our analysis demonstrates that tetraneutrons are able to exist as the Bose-Einstein condensate. Such a condensate weakens the nucleon Cooper pairing and significantly suppresses formation of the superfluid phase inside neutron stars. Tetraneutrons are also found to strongly feed vector meson fields and suppress Δ-baryons leading to stiffening of equation of state.

      Speaker: Oleksii Ivanytskyi (University of Salamanca)
    • 10:25 10:50
      Photon emission from dark mediators in White Dwarfs 25m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      We consider self-annihilation of fermionic sub-GeV dark matter into metastable mediators inside white dwarfs (WDs). We assume these mediators decay into two photons after being produced. We calculate the luminosity of WDs due to these annihilations taking into account theenergy loss of the mediator and its finite lifetime in the dense stellar medium. Finally, using complementary sets of measurements ranging from cold white dwarfs in the M4 globular cluster and direct/indirect searches we discuss constraints on mediator lifetimes.

      Speaker: Marina Cermeño Gavilán (Universidad de Salamanca)
    • 10:50 11:20
      Poster session & Coffee break 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 11:20 12:10
      Dark matter & compact stars 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      I will discuss ways that compact star observations can set constraints on different dark matter candidates. In addition, I will entertain the possibility of asymmetric dark matter forming its own compact objects and I will argue that such objects could be detected and identified using a variety of techniques.

      Speaker: Christoforos Kouvaris (CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark)
    • 12:10 12:30
      Neutron stars meet constraints from astrophysics, gravitation, high and low energy nuclear physics 20m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      We apply the novel equation of state, which includes the surface tension contribution induced by the interparticle interaction and the asymmetry between neutrons and protons, to the study of neutron star properties. This equation of state is obtained from the virial expansion for the multicomponent particle mixtures that takes into account the hard-core repulsion between them. The considered model is in full concordance with all the known properties of normal nuclear matter, provides a high quality description of the proton flow constraints, hadron multiplicities created during the nuclear-nuclear collision experiments and equally is consistent with astrophysical data coming from neutron star observations and GW170817 merger. The found mass-radius relation for neutron stars computed with this equation of state is consistent with astrophysical observations. This talk will show how the induced surface tension (IST) equation of state opens an elegant way to describe the properties of matter across a very wide range of densities and temperatures.

      Speaker: Violetta Sagun (Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica/BITP)
    • 12:30 14:00
      Lunch break 1h 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:00 14:29
      Poster session Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:29 14:30
      Session 4 - Chair: José Lemos Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 14:30 15:20
      Indirect detection of dark matter and constraints on the first stars 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      The first stars formed from pristine hydrogen and helium at high redshift and were much more massive than typical stars of subsequent generations. If these stars formed near the centers of their dark matter minihalos, the dark matter would have contracted around the compact baryonic object. The most massive stars would have ended their lives by collapsing to black holes, leaving a black hole remnant surrounded by a dark matter spike. Furthermore, if the first stage of stellar evolution is a Dark Star phase during which the star is powered by dark matter annihilations, the first stars would have grown to be even larger, possibly even becoming supermassive, and leaving correspondingly larger black hole remnants. In this talk I’ll discuss potential signatures of the first stars via indirect detection of annihilation in their dark matter spikes, as well as existing constraints from various experiments.

      Speaker: Pearl Sandick (University of Utah)
    • 15:20 15:30
      Asteroseismology constraints on dark photons 10m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      TBA

      Speaker: Adrián Ayala
    • 15:30 15:40
      An experiment to measure the speed of gravity: optimization of the rotating quadrupole mass 10m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      The authors have experience with the SCHENBERG Gravitation Wave detector which is a resonant-mass developed by the Brazilian GRAVITON. Its spherical antenna weighs 1150 kg and it is monitored by six ultralow noise parametric transducers and is connected to the outer environment by a suspension system designed to attenuate local noise, both seismic and non-seismic, operating in a temperature of 4 K. With all the acknowledgment acquired the idea of making an experiment to measure the speed of gravity took form. Using monocrystalline sapphire with very high mechanical and electrical Q´s, ultralow phase noise microwave sources, Finite Element Modelling designed suspensions, parametric microwave transducers, excellent properties of noise filtering of the resonant-mass detectors and the development of high-speed rotation machines guided the authors to the design of the experiment. The experiment will measure oscillations caused by gravitational interaction with an amplitude of the order of 0.1 am (10-19m). The main feature is a rotating mass that will generate a periodic tide signal at a very high frequency. in this work the optimization of such mass to reach the highest tide signal is shown.

      Speaker: Carlos Frajuca (IFSP)
    • 15:40 15:50
      On the relevance of polarimetry of astronomical objects and the importance of the determination of the instrumental polarization in FORS2 at the ESO-VLT 10m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      Polarimetric studies of stars, supernovae, clusters and galaxies are able to provide crucial information about the intrinsic properties of these objects. Polarimetry is also extremely important to understand the properties of the dust that might affect the observations and lead to systematic effects.

      In our work we investigate the instrumental polarization in FORS2- the FOcal Reducer and low dispersion Spectrograph at Very Large Telescope, ESO. With optical multiband sky observations in BVRI during full moon we were able to produced 2D maps of the the instrumental polarization.
      These maps are particularly relevant in polarimetric studies of extended sources.

      This work was supported by FCT- Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia and by Project PTDC/FIS-AST-31546

      Speaker: Ana Mourao (IST- Instituto Superior Técnico, UL / ESO, Garching)
    • 15:50 16:00
      e- e+ plasma-dark electromagnetism similarity establishes a (nearly) weaker-than-gravity bound on long-range dark matter self-interactions 10m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      Dark matter (DM) has been theorized to be charged under its own "dark electromagnetism" (DEM). Under this hypothesis, DM can behave like a cold collisionless plasma of self-interacting DM particles, and exhibit plasma-like instabilities with observational consequences [1,2]. Using PIC simulations [3], the nonlinear evolution of such instabilities driven by the interpenetration of two $e^-\,e^+$ plasma clouds that mimic the ``dark plasma" are explored. We show that the clouds slow down due to both oblique and Weibel generated electromagnetic fields, which deflect the particle trajectories, transferring bulk forward momentum into transverse momentum and thermal velocity spread. This process causes the flow velocity to decrease from $v_{fl}$ by a factor of $\sqrt{3}$ in a time interval $\Delta t \omega_p \sim 1/\sqrt{\alpha} (c/v_{fl})$, close to 10 $\times$ the instability growth time, where $\alpha$ is the equipartition parameter determined by the non-linear saturation of the instabilities, and $\omega_p$ is the plasma frequency. We show that if the typical DM slab length $L > v_{fl} \Delta t$, this slowdown is always expected. Comparison with astronomical observations reveal strong new constraints on DEM with the dark electromagnetic self-interaction $\alpha_{D} < 4 \times 10^{-25}$.
      [1] Heikinheimo et. al PRB 749 7 (2015) [2] Fonseca et al., PPCF 50, 124034 (2008)

      Speaker: Nitin Shukla (GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fus\~ao Nuclear, Instituto Superior T\'ecnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal)
    • 16:00 16:30
      Poster session & Coffee break 30m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
    • 16:30 17:20
      Astrophysical constraints on dark matter 50m Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      I will overview what astrophysical observations tell us about the properties of dark matter with particular focus on Primordial Black Holes (PBHs), black holes formed in the early Universe. The recent discovery of gravitational waves from mergers of ~10 Solar mass black hole binaries has (along with the lack of signal in WIMP detection experiments) led to increased interest in PBHs as a dark matter candidate. I will discuss the limits on their abundance, with particular emphasis on microlensing and dynamical constraints in the Solar mass region.

      Speaker: Anne Green
    • 17:20 17:50
      Discussion panel Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL

      Discussion panel composed by the invited speakers led by Malcolm Fairbairn.

    • 17:50 18:00
      Closing session Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Anfiteatro Abreu Faro

      Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation, Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon

      Av. Rovisco Pais 1 1049-001 Lisboa, PORTUGAL
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