May 17 – 22, 2021
US/Eastern timezone

In-medium effects in strangeness production in heavy-ion collisions at (sub-)threshold energies

May 18, 2021, 10:30 AM
Room C (Zoom)

Room C


zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji
Theory talk Strangeness production in nuclear collisions and hadronic interactions Open and New (Electromagnetic)


Taesoo Song (GSI)


We study the in-medium effects in strangeness production
in heavy-ion collisions at (sub-)-threshold energies of 1 - 2 A GeV based on
the microscopic Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics (PHSD) transport approach.
The in-medium modifications of the antikaon $(\bar K = K^-, \bar K^0)$ properties
are described via the self-consistent coupled-channel unitarized scheme
based on a SU(3) chiral Lagrangian which incorporates explicitly the $s-$ and
$p-$ waves of the kaon-nucleon interaction. This scheme provides the antikaon
potential, spectral functions and reaction cross sections as well as their dependence on baryon density, temperature and antikaon momentum in the nuclear medium, which are incorporated in the off-shell dynamics of the PHSD.
The in-medium modification of kaons $(K = K^+, K^0)$ are accounted via
the kaon-nuclear potential, which is assumed to be proportional to the local baryon density. The manifestation of the medium effects in observables is investigated for the $K$ and ${\bar K}$ rapidity distributions, $p_T$-spectra as well as the polar and azimuthal angular distributions, directed ($v_1$) and elliptic ($v_2$) flow in C+C, Ni+Ni, and Au+Au collisions.

We find - by comparison to experimental data from the KaoS, FOPI and HADES
Collaborations - that the modifications of (anti)kaon properties
in nuclear matter are necessary to explain the data in a consistent manner. Moreover, we demonstrate the sensitivity of kaon observables to the equation-of-state of nuclear matter.

Primary authors

Taesoo Song (GSI) Laura Tolos Joana Wirth (Technische Universität München) Joerg Aichelin (Subatech/CNRS) Elena Bratkovskaya (GSI, Darmstadt)

Presentation materials