Observation of the antimatter helium-4 nucleus

May 23, 2011, 3:00 PM
20m
Salon Haendel AB (Imperial Palace)

Salon Haendel AB

Imperial Palace

Parallel Hadron thermodynamics and chemistry Hadron thermodynamics and chemistry

Speaker

Liang Xue (SINAP/BNL)

Description

We present the observation of the antimatter $^{4}He$ nucleus, the heaviest observed antinucleus. The identification and measurement of anti-$^{4}He$ relies on the mean energy loss per unit track length, the time of flight of particles, and their curvature in the magnetic field of the STAR detector. Another essential detector capability was the High Level online tracking Trigger (HLT), which helps to cope with the large data volume and greatly speeds up the search effort. In total, 18 anti-$^{4}He$ counts were detected at the STAR experiment at RHIC in $10^{9}$ recorded Au+Au collisions at beam energies of $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV and 62 GeV. Misidentification probability is estimated to be below $10^{-11}$. The invariant differential cross section is consistent with expectations from thermodynamic and coalescent nucleosynthesis models, which has implications for future production of even heavier antimatter nuclei, as well as for experimental searches for new phenomena in the cosmos. The yield of the stable antinucleus next in line (mass number = 6) is predicted to be down by a factor of $2.6 X 10^{6}$ compared to anti-$^{4}He$ and is beyond the reach of current accelerator technology.

Primary author

Liang Xue (SINAP/BNL)

Presentation materials