Event anisotropy $v_{2}$ of identified hadrons and light nuclei in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 7.7, 11.5 and 39 GeV with STAR

May 23, 2011, 6:50 PM
20m
Salle de l'Europe (Imperial Palace)

Salle de l'Europe

Imperial Palace

Parallel QCD phase diagram Global and collective dynamics

Speaker

Dr Alexander Schmah (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab)

Description

The main goal of the RHIC Beam Energy Scan (BES) is the exploration of the QCD phase diagram in the region of a possible phase transition between the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) and the hadron gas phase. In the year 2010 the first part of the BES program was successfully accomplished by recording data from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 7.7, 11.5 and 39 GeV. The second harmonic ($v_2$) of the azimuthal particle distribution relative to the reaction plane was found to be one of the most important observables to study the underlying dynamics in the early stage of the collisions. The number-of-constituent quark (NCQ) scaling of $v_{2}$ is interpreted as a signature of deconfinement and existence of the QGP phase. At the lower energies studied it was expected to see a change in this scaling behaviour as the role of the QGP phase should diminish. We present $v_{2}$ measurements at all three beam energies for identified hadrons ($\pi$, $K$, K$_{s}^{0}$, p, $\phi$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$) and light nuclei (d and $^{3}He$) as a function of $p_{T}$ for various collision centralities. The measured nuclei $v_{2}$ are compared to the proton $v_{2}$ and results from a dynamical coalescence model calculation, while the NCQ scaling is tested using all identified hadrons. For the first time, a significant difference in $v_{2}$ between baryons and anti-baryons is observed. The difference increases with decreasing center-of-mass energy.

Primary author

Dr Alexander Schmah (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab)

Presentation materials