30 September 2015 to 3 October 2015
Yerevan, Armenia
Etc/GMT+4 timezone

Inflationary evolution of the Universe within the framework of the modified JBD theory

30 Sep 2015, 14:00
40m
Small Hall, Guesthouse ()

Small Hall, Guesthouse

Speaker

Prof. Gohar Harutyunyan (Yerevan State University)

Description

Certain conceptual difficulties arising in the construction of the cosmological evolution of the Universe (horizon and "flatness" problems), in fact, do not affect the Standard Model tested by known observations. They allow to determine reasonable initial conditions for classical Cosmology, the inflationary process, which transforms the exponential expansion near the Planck time to the power-law one.It is significant that while different areas of space, being on the "distance" $H_{0}^{-1}$ ($H_{0}$ is the corresponding Hubble parameter) stop to interact, the "memory" on the previous connection remains that solves the horizon problem in the inflationary model. The "flatness" problem is solved in the case where during some time period the equation of state is given by $p=-\varepsilon $. In this case, during $70$ Hubble times "flat" Universe is formed with accuracy $10^{-60}$. Simultaneously the horizon problem is solved. This exotic equation of state occurs naturally in all sustainable models. In particular, the dynamics of a scalar field, under very natural assumptions, leads to a satisfactory inflationary expansion. In this work, within the framework of various conformal representations of the modified Jordan - Brans - Dicke theory, inflationary solutions are constructed by taking into account a specific scalar field for particular de Sitter models in which the Universe is filled by the vacuum. We consider the inflationary expansion from the Planck time till the beginning of the hot stage in the case of a minimally coupled scalar field. In the first model we take a massless scalar field and in the second one - a conformally coupled scalar field. In both cases there is a specific cosmological scalar that is an analogous of the variable cosmological constant.

Primary author

Prof. Gohar Harutyunyan (Yerevan State University)

Co-authors

Prof. Ashot Hovsepyan (Yerevan State University) Prof. Roland Avagyan (Yerevan State University)

Presentation Materials

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