In the framework of an SU(3) (axial)vector meson extended linear sigma model with additional constituent quarks and Polyakov loops, we investigate the effects of (axial)vector mesons on the chiral phase transition. The parameters of the Lagrangian are set at zero temperature and we use a hybrid approach where in the effective potential the constituent quarks are treated at one-loop level and...

Pion production in the backward direction in the target rest frame is considered

in proton-nucleus (p+A) collisions. Pions outside the kinematical boundary of

proton-nucleon (p+N) collisions, the so called cumulative effect, is studied.

Basic restrictions on the energy of pions emitted in the backward direction in

p+N and p+A reactions are considered. These are restrictions that follow...

We study a charm quark diffusion coefficient with nonzero momentum

correlator on the quenched lattice. Starting from rather general requirements on the spectral function, we derive inequalities to constrain the value of the diffusion coefficient. These inequalities have quantities which can be measured on the lattice

from temporal correlator with nonzero momentum. Using the inequalities and...

One of remarkable features in the expected structure of the QCD phase diagram is the existence of QCD critical point (CP), which is the end point of the phase boundary of the first-order between the hadronic phase and the QGP phase. At the CP, the phase transition becomes second order, and thus there should be gapless and long-life modes called the soft modes, which govern the low-energy...

Model parameter free investigations of Yang-Mills theory and quenched QCD in the vacuum are presented as a necessary prerequisitve for corresponding investigations of the QCD phase structure with the functional renormalisation group equation. Preliminary results for Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature are discussed. Finally, a phenomenological application of the vacuum results to the...

We carry out numerical evaluations of the motion of classical particles in Minkowski space ${\cal{M}}^4$ which are confined to the inside of a bag. In particular, we analyze the structure of the paths evolving from the breaking of the dilatation symmetry, the conformal symmetry and the combination of both together. The confining forces arise directly from the corresponding nonconserved...

The deconfinement transition at vanishing chemical potential can be reliably studied by lattice simulations and its general features are by now well known. On the contrary, what happens at finite density is still largely unknown and in this talk I will review the results obtained in the last year regarding the dependence, for small density, of the (pseudo)critical temperature on the baryonic...

We present a thermodynamical analysis of the nonextensive, QCD-based, Nambu - Jona-Lasinio model (NJL) of strongly interacting matter in the critical region. It is based on the nonextensive generalization of the Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) statistical mechanics, used in the NJL model, to its nonextensive version. This can be introduced in different ways, depending on different possible choices of the...

In recent years there has been much interest in the study of graphene, which is a 2-dimensional crystal of carbon atoms that exhibits many interesting electronic properties and quantum effects. The dynamical generation of a gap would cause the system to undergo a phase transition to an insulating state. From a technological point of view, a finite gap would make graphene more promising as a...

We simulate the kinetics of the chiral phase transition in hot and dense

strongly interacting matter within a novel kinetic-theory approach. Employing

an effective linear $\sigma$ model for quarks, $\sigma$ mesons, and

pions we treat the quarks within a test-particle ansatz for solving the

Boltzmann transport equation and the mesons in terms of classical

fields. The decay-recombination...

The existence of the inhomogeneous chiral phase, where the chiral condensate is spatially modulated has been discussed from some effective model analysis.

The phase seems to emerge in compact stars because it appears around the conventional chiral phase transition line in the QCD phase diagram.

Assuming an inhomogeneous configuration called "dual chiral density wave (DCDW)", where both scalar...

Using a bottom-up gauge gravity constructions, relaxation rates of strongly coupled field theories are computed. A variety of phase structures are considered, from a crossover up to a first order phase transition. It is established that near the transition the applicability of a hydrodynamic description breaks down at lower momenta than in the conformal case. In the case of the first order...