While there will always be the solo researcher who is working on their own, more and more the interconnectivity between researchers around both large scale infrastructure and in an attempt to find “whole body” solutions will drive behavioural changes which are just starting to emerge. EGEE has been instrumental in creating some of these new communities mainly around single disciplines. More and more there will be the need to develop a methodology for integrating across disciplines and linking the outcomes to policy advice. As chair of the European Research Area Board I will summarise some of our thinking about what this means for European research within a global context. A key question is how we will need to train young researchers to enter this challenging but exciting vision.