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Mar 20 – 22, 2018
University of Washington Seattle
US/Pacific timezone

Fast automated analysis of strong gravitational lenses with convolutional neural networks

Mar 21, 2018, 9:00 AM
25m
Physics-Astronomy Auditorium A118 (University of Washington Seattle)

Physics-Astronomy Auditorium A118

University of Washington Seattle

Oral 6: Beyond the conventional tracking Session3

Speaker

Dr Yashar Hezaveh (Stanford University)

Description

Strong gravitational lensing is a phenomenon in which images of distant galaxies appear highly distorted due to the deflection of their light rays by the gravity of other intervening galaxies. We often see multiple distinct arc-shaped images of the background galaxy around the intervening (lens) galaxy, like images in a funhouse mirror. Strong lensing gives astrophysicist a unique opportunity to carry out different investigations, including mapping the detailed distribution of dark matter or measuring the expansion rate of the universe. All these studies, however, require a detailed knowledge of the distribution of matter in the lensing galaxies, measured from the distortions in the images. This has been traditionally performed with maximum-likelihood lens modeling, a procedure in which simulated observations are generated and compared to the data in a statistical way. The parameters controlling the simulations are then explored with samplers like MCMC. This is a time and resource consuming procedure, requiring hundreds of hours of computer and human time for a single system. In this talk, I will discuss our recent work in which we showed that deep convolutional neural networks can solve this problem more than 10 million times faster: about 0.01 seconds per system on a single GPU. I will also review our method for quantifying the uncertainties of the parameters obtained with these networks. With the advent of upcoming sky surveys such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, we are anticipating the discovery of tens of thousands of new gravitational lenses. Neural networks can be an essential tool for the analysis of such high volumes of data.

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