21-25 July 2019
Connecticut Convention Center, Level 6
US/Eastern timezone

C1Po2B-04 [15]: Design and theoretical analysis of Helium Purification System Components for NSRRC Cryogenic System

22 Jul 2019, 14:00
2h
Level 6, Cryo Expo Exhibit Hall

Level 6, Cryo Expo Exhibit Hall

Poster Presentation C1Po2B - Helium Purification

Speaker

Mr Ping-Shun Chuang (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center)

Description

Helium is an expensive consumable in cryogenic facilities and is used widely in space, medical and energy research. In NSRRC, liquid helium is used as a coolant for cooling superconducting magnets and SRF cavities. Minor contaminants such as nitrogen, oxygen, moisture and oil will be picked up when liquid helium circulates in the large scale cryogenic systems, these contaminants will crystalize and might cause some damage in the cold box turbo expanders resulting in efficiency decay. Therefore, a helium purification system is designed as an integral part of the cryogenic system to conserve helium gas by providing 99.9995% pure helium to liquefier after separating contaminants from impure helium. The NSRRC helium purification process is based on two principles, the first one is cryosorption using activated charcoal and molecular sieve and the other is cryocondensation using tubular heat exchangers. The purifier has been designed for purifying impure helium with contaminants of 2.5% nitrogen and 2.5% of oxygen with mass flow rate of 475 nm3/hr and delivering pressure of 17 bar(a) of impure helium to purifier. In this paper, calculation and design of the helium purification system and components composed of one tube in tube heat exchanger, one vessel and tube heat exchanger, one pre-cooler, one charcoal vessel, mass requirement calculation of charcoal and design of other components will be discussed.

Primary authors

Mr Ping-Shun Chuang (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Mr Huang-Hsiu Tsai (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center ) Hsiao-Wei Chiang (National Tsing Hua University) Mr Feng-Zone Hsiao (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Wun-Rong Liao (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Mr Hsing-Chieh Li (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Mr Wen-Song Chiou (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Mr Sheng-Hsiung Chang (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center) Mr Tsai-Fu Lin (National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center)

Presentation Materials