21-25 July 2019
Connecticut Convention Center, Level 6
US/Eastern timezone

C3Po1B-02 [14]: Improved Utilization of Cryocooling Power in Superconducting Undulators at the Advanced Photon Source

24 Jul 2019, 09:00
Level 6, Cryo Expo Exhibit Hall

Level 6, Cryo Expo Exhibit Hall


James Barkas (University of Wisconsin-Madison)


In 2018 a new cryostat designed to support operation of a helically-wound-coil superconducting undulator (HSCU) was installed at Argonne National Laboratory’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) synchrotron. Magnet temperatures are maintained near 4.2K by natural circulation of liquid helium (LHe) through the magnet potting, and although the HSCU cryostat operates in “zero boil-off” mode by providing excess cooling power to the 4.2K cold-mass, the cooling margin does not meet expectations due to higher-than-anticipated thermal resistances between the 4.2K load and the cryocooler-based refrigeration system. The resulting loss in cooling power due to large temperature differentials between the cryocooler 2nd-stages and the load adversely affects quench response and tolerance to thermal transients. The current project seeks to characterize the thermal impedances in the 4.2K cold-mass cooling circuits through analysis and experiment, and propose mitigating measures to increase cooling capacity. Recent work has focused on measuring the 4K thermal conductances of the LHe reservoir wall and braided copper thermal links connecting the cryocooler 2nd stages to the 4.2K cold-mass, which together encompass the majority of the discrete thermal resistances in these cooling channels.

Primary author

James Barkas (University of Wisconsin-Madison)


Joel Fuerst (Argonne National Laboratory) Quentin Hasse (Argonne National Laboratory) Prof. John Pfotenhauer (University of Wisconsin-Madison) Prof. Franklin Miller (University of Wisconsin - Madison)

Presentation Materials