Sep 12 – 17, 2010
CERN
Europe/Zurich timezone
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Study of hyperfine interactions in CeO2 nanoparticle by PAC spectroscopy using 111Cd

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500/1-001 - Main Auditorium (CERN)

500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

CERN

CH - 1211 Geneva 23 Switzerland
72
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POSTER Semiconductors, Metals and Insulators

Speaker

Dr Messias Costa (IPEN/USP)

Description

Cerium dioxide (CeO2) is quite important for the high-technology industry with various applications such as in automotive industry, medicine, oxygen sensors, and protectors of the radiation and so on. This material has been studied recently using a variety of techniques. A case of special interest is that Co-doped Ceria is very attractive for multifunctional spintronic applications. In this work we have used PAC technique to measure the hyperfine interactions in a pure nanostructured CeO2 as well as the one doped with 3d transition metal Co. The samples of pure and Co-doped CeO2 were prepared by the Pechini sol-gel method from pure Ce and Co elements. The samples were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The radioactive probe nuclei 111In-111Cd was introduced during the sample preparation in all cases. To better study the contribution to the ferromagnetism of the samples due to the effect of vacancies in the structure or the presence of dopant transition metal ion, several different experiments were carried out with pure and doped CeO2 which were prepared and annealed at different temperatures between 380oC and 700oC in air and nitrogen. The PAC measurements were performed at different temperature between 15 K and 1130 K. For instance, in Ceria pure with annealing at 500 oC, it was found at 400 K three quadrupole frequency νQ1 = 106 MHz with f1 = 58 %, νQ2 = 144 MHz with f2 = 22 % and νQ3 = 14MHz with f3 = 20 %. This result is also a strong indication that f1 should be assigned to 111Cd in Ce sites while f2 in oxygen vacancy and f1 is possible nuclei probe in grain surface.
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Primary author

Dr Messias Costa (IPEN/USP)

Co-authors

Prof. Artur Carbonari (IPEN/USP) Mr Gabriel Pasca (IPEN/USP) Ms Juliana Ramos (IPEN/USP) Prof. Rajendra Saxena (IPEN/USP)

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