Jul 4 – 11, 2018
Asia/Seoul timezone

CANDLES project to search for neutrino-less double beta decay of $^{48}$Ca

Jul 7, 2018, 10:15 AM
103 (COEX, Seoul)


COEX, Seoul

Parallel Neutrino Physics Neutrino Physics


Yasuhiro Takemoto (Osaka Unversity)


Neutrino-less double beta decay(0$\nu\beta\beta$) is acquiring great interest
after the confirmation of neutrino oscillation
which demonstrated nonzero neutrino mass.
Measurement of 0$\nu\beta\beta$ provides a test for the Majorana nature of neutrinos
and gives an absolute scale of the effective neutrino mass.

In order to search for 0$\nu\beta\beta$ of $^{48}$Ca,
we proposed CANDLES project and a detector system by using CaF$_{2}$(pure).
The CANDLES III system, which is one of the CANDLES project, aims at a high sensitive measurement
by a characteristic detector system.
The system realizes a complete 4$\pi$ active shield
by immersion of the CaF$_{2}$ scintillators in liquid scintillator.
The active shield leads to a low background condition for the measurement.

Now we have developed the CANDLES III system,
which contained 350 g of $^{48}$Ca at the Kamioka underground laboratory.
In 2016, we have installed a shielding system in the CANDLES III system
to reduce background events by the high energy $\gamma$-rays,
which were emitted from neutron capture reaction on surround materials.
By the system,
we reduced the background events from neutron capture by two orders of magnitude.
After this upgrade, we started a double beta decay measurement
and obtained result.
Furthermore, we started development of next detector system.
In this system, we will use a CaF$_{2}$ scintillating bolometer
and enriched $^{48}$Ca.
In this paper,
we will report result of $^{48}$Ca double beta decay measurement by using the CANDLES III system
and current status of the CaF$_{2}$ scintillating bolometer and enrichment of $^{48}$Ca.

Primary authors

Presentation materials