Extraction of singlet $pp$-virtual state energy in $d + ^{1}$H$ → p + p + n$ reaction

Oct 13, 2020, 3:55 PM
25m
Online

Online

Oral report Section 2. Experimental and theoretical studies of nuclear reactions. Section 2. Experimental and theoretical studies of nuclear reactions

Speaker

Viacheslav Mitcuk (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow)

Description

Earlier in [1], it was suggested that the reason of discrepancies in experimental $a_{nn}$ values (from –16 to –22 fm) may be connected to a large effect of $3N$ forces. It can also be assumed that the values of the proton-proton scattering length $a_{pp}$ and the energy of the virtual $^{1}S_{0}$ state $E_{pp}$ extracted from the experiment with three particles in the final state will differ from the values obtained in the free $pp$ scattering. We plan to test this idea studying the $d+^{1}$H$→p+p+n$ reaction.
Simulation of this reaction showed that studying the energy spectrum shape of single proton in coincidence with the neutron will allow us to determine the energy of the virtual state of the $pp$-pair. Parameters of the experimental setup were also determined by simulation.
The experiment was started at 15 MeV deuteron beam of the SINP. A solid deuterated polyethylene target was used. To determine the spectrum of protons, we used a three-detector ($\Delta E-E_{1}-E_{2}$) telescope of silicon surface-barrier detectors. The advantage of such a system is a separation of events with coincidences in two ($\Delta E-E_{1}$) and three ($\Delta E-E_{1}-E_{2}$) telescope detectors, which greatly simplifies the analysis of energy loss diagrams (the absence of inverse loci in $\Delta E-E_{1}$ and $E_{1}-E_{2}$ diagrams). With this in mind, a technique was developed for reconstructing the energy spectrum of charged particles from energy losses of particles in detectors. The basis of this technique is the kinematical simulation of the passage of charged particles through matter. The neutron energy is determined by the time of flight using liquid-hydrogen scintillation detector. At that, it is possible to separate neutron events from those caused by gamma rays by the pulse shape. Preliminary data on the shape of the spectrum of protons in coincidence with neutrons are obtained.

  1. E.S.Konobeevski et al. // Physics of Atomic Nuclei. 2018. V. 81. P. 595.

Primary author

Viacheslav Mitcuk (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow)

Co-authors

Eugene Konobeevski (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) Alexey Afonin (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) Aleksandr Kasparov (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) Viktor Lebedev (Skobeltsyn Institute OF Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University) Michael Mordovskoy (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) Andrey Spassky (Skobeltsyn Institute OF Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University) Sergei Zuyev (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow)

Presentation materials