Nuclear physics in medicine: present and prospects

Oct 16, 2020, 2:00 PM


Plenary report Section 8. Nuclear medicine. Plenary


Prof. Alexander Chernyaev (Moscow State University)


Modern medicine has a large arsenal of equipment for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, which uses sources of ionizing radiation - these are x-ray tubes, natural and artificial isotopes, accelerators. The science of physical radiation and devices, medical diagnostic devices, facilities and technologies, the ability to diagnose and treat diseases of the human body using methods and means of physics, mathematics and technology is called medical physics.
Modern medical physics includes a number of major areas of application of physical methods in medicine: physics of remote and contact radiation therapy, nuclear medicine, radiation diagnostics, physics of non-ionizing methods of diagnosis and therapy and radiation safety.
A coordinated interaction between a doctor and a medical physicist is necessary for successful work on radiation treatment of patients.
Very specific and deep training requires for successful work of such a specialist in the field of radiation therapy.
The training in the educational program of professional retraining of specialists in the field of radiation therapy for the development, operation and use of high-tech systems in clinical institutions was developed and provides based on the Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, the Department of Physics of Accelerators and Radiation Medicine.
At the end of the full-time lecture module of the program, students attend internships are trained in the departments of the P. Herzen Moscow Oncology Research Institute, Academician N. N. Burdenko Main Military Clinical Hospital, European Medical Center. In addition, an internship is offered in clinics in Germany. Practical exercises and internships are conducted using modern medical accelerators, dosimetry monitoring and patient fixation tools, computer dosimetry planning systems and other radiotherapy equipment.
After graduation, graduates gain skills for professional activity in physical and mathematical support of radiotherapy treatment methods as a medical physicist.

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  2. A.P.Chernyaev et al. // Radiation Technology in Medicine: Part 2. Using Isotopes in Nuclear Medicine. Moscow University Physics Bulletin. 2016. Vol. 71 (4). P. 339-348.
  3. A.P.Chernyaev et al. // Radiation technology in medicine. Part 1. Medicine accelerators. Moscow University Physics Bulletin. 2015. Vol. 70 (6). P. 457 - 465.

Primary author

Prof. Alexander Chernyaev (Moscow State University)


Mrs Polina Borschegovskaya (M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Mrs Ekaterina Lykova (Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Mr Sergey Varzar (Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Ms Marina Zheltonozhjskaya (Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Mr Stanislav Nisimov (Fund of Infrastructure and Educational Programs (RUSNANO Group)) Mrs Uliana Bliznuk (M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Vladimir Rozanov (Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics) Ms Veronika Elagina (M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics)

Presentation materials