In recent years, studies based on the application of the natural sciences methods on archaeological research have become increasingly important. The number of research programs on studying the cultural heritage of various eras is increasing. Still continues the development of different modern techniques for non-destructive analysis of the elemental and structural composition of ancient materials, their age and origin.
Neutron activation and XRF analysis are promising methods for analyzing of element content of archaeological materials. In present work the results of studies on development of instrumental neutron activation and X-ray fluorescence analysis of archaeological materials and fragments of meteorites are presented. Also the results of analysis of archaeological finds and fragments of the meteorite using the developed techniques are presented.
The quantitative composition of the meteoritic matter, which can be attributed to carbonaceous chondrites, is determined. Analysis of archaeological finds: according to the quantitative content of certain elements, all archaeological finds (ring, coin, bell, deer-form candlestick) can be attributed to the Bronze Age.