MOCa 2022: Materia Oscura en Colombia

Basabendu Barman, Nicolás Bernal (Universidad Antonio Nariño), Carlos Andres Florez Bustos (Universidad de los Andes (CO)), Oscar Zapata (Universidad de Antioquia)

The sixth edition of the MOCa workshop (Materia Oscura en Colombia) will be held on May 31 and June 1, 2022. The goal of the meeting is to provide  an opportunity to discuss various aspects of Dark Matter, like:

  • theory + pheno,
  • production in laboratory,
  • N-body simulations,
  • connections with cosmo and astro,
  • ...

We are a growing, active and diverse community working on dark matter. Hence, a broad approach to dark matter research is necessary given the nature of the challenge.

We expect this event to provide a platform for maximizing interactions and creating new collaborations. Furthermore, we foresee a number of shorter lightning talks on specific topics. These are meant to highlight individual and/or unusual ideas and can also help increase the visibility of younger scientists.

In-person conference: The workshop will be held at the Universidad de Los Andes, in Bogotá.
Sorry, but we are all sick of online events!


  • Alejandro Ibarra
  • Andres Florez
  • Anja Brenner
  • Antara Dey
  • Arnab Paul
  • Basabendu Barman
  • Bayron Orjuela
  • Brallan Taborda
  • Camilo Rodríguez Quintero
  • Camilo Torres
  • carlos yaguna
  • Danilo Andres Ahumada Linero
  • David Suarez
  • Diego Alejandro Ríos Pérez
  • Diego Gallego
  • Diego Restrepo
  • Dipankar Pradhan
  • Dipankar Pradhan
  • Eduardo Rojas
  • Edwin Pérez
  • Esleyder Moreno
  • Farnaz Kazi
  • Federico von der Pahlen
  • Gabriela Valencia Zuñiga
  • giacomo landini
  • Guillermo Palacio
  • Harold Yepes-Ramirez
  • Jairo Alonso Mendoza Suárez
  • Job Furtado
  • Johan Cortes
  • Jorge Luis Navarro E..
  • José David Támara Jaramillo
  • Juan Camilo Guzman Martinez
  • Luis Enrique Padilla Albores
  • Luz Ángela García
  • Marcela Marín
  • Mario A. Acero Ortega
  • Mateo Escorcia
  • Melissa Varela
  • Nabarun Chakrabarty
  • Nicolas Fernandez
  • Nicolás Bernal
  • Oscar Zapata
  • Pablo Figueroa
  • Rafael Armando Martínez Rivero
  • Rahul Shah
  • roberto martinez
  • Santiago Garcia Serna
  • Supratim Das Bakshi
  • Suraj Prakash
  • Upalaparna Banerjee
  • Valentina Franco Velásquez
  • Vladimir Pastushenko
  • Yuber F Perez-Gonzalez
    • Welcome
    • 1
      Complementarity of experiments in probing the non-relativistic effective theory of dark matter-nucleon interactions

      The non-relativistic effective theory of WIMP-nucleon interactions depends on 28 coupling strengths. Due to the vast parameter space of the effective theory, most direct detection experiments interpret the results of their searches assuming that only one of the coupling strengths is non-zero. On the other hand, dark matter models generically lead in the non-relativistic limit to several interactions which interfere with one another, therefore, the published limits cannot be straightforwardly applied to model predictions. We present a method to determine a rigorous upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon interaction strength including all possible interferences among operators. We illustrate the method using the null search results from the XENON1T and the PICO collaborations; for some interactions, the limits on the coupling strengths are relaxed up to one order of magnitude. We also present a method that allows to combine the results from different experiments, thus exploiting the synergy between different targets in exploring the parameter space of WIMP-nucleon interactions.

      Speaker: Anja Brenner
    • 2
      Fermion and scalar two-component dark matter from a Z4 symmetry

      We study a two-component dark matter model in which the dark matter particles are a
      singlet fermion (ψ) and a singlet scalar (S), both stabilized by a single Z4 symmetry. The
      model is remarkably simple, with its phenomenology determined by just five parameters:
      the two dark matter masses and three dimensionless couplings. In fact, S interacts with the
      Standard Model particles via the usual Higgs-portal, whereas ψ only interacts directly with
      S, via the Yukawa terms ψc(ys + ypγ5)ψ S. We consider the two possible mass hierarchies
      among the dark matter particles, MS < Mψ and Mψ < MS , and numerically investigate the
      consistency of the model with current bounds. For dark matter masses below 1.3 TeV or so,
      we find that the model not only is compatible with all known constraints, but that it also
      gives rise to observable signals in future dark matter experiments. Interestingly, both dark
      matter particles may be observed in direct detection experiments while the most relevant
      indirect detection channel is due to the annihilation of ψ. We also argue that this setup can
      be extended to other ZN symmetries and additional dark matter particles.

      Speaker: Carlos E. Yaguna
    • 10:30 AM
      Coffee Break
    • 3
      Multicomponent dark matter: recent developments

      In this talk I will discuss some recent developments concerning scenarios of multi-component dark matter based on a single ZN symmetry.

    • 4
      Scalar potential analysis of the Z5 multi-component dark matter model

      In recent years the multi-component scalar dark matter models with discrete symmetries $\mathbb{Z}_N$ has been widely studied in the literature. Among them, the $\mathbb{Z}_5$ model proposes two complex fields that transform as singlets under the gauge group of Standard Model. The model has eleven free parameters that must be restricted. In that sense, the main purpose of this research is to develop an detailed analysis of the scalar potential with the objective to establish the perturbative unitarity, vacuum stability and positivity conditions, and finally to determine the viable parameter space of the model.

      Speaker: Diego Ríos (Universidad de Antioquia)
    • 12:00 PM
    • 5
      Flavor violating $\ell_i$ decay into $\ell_j$ and a light gauge boson

      The $\ell_i\to\ell_j\chi$ decays, with $\chi$ a boson associated to the $U(1)_\chi$ symmetry, have not been described satisfactorily so far for light spin-one $\chi$. In particular, observables exhibited an unphysical divergence in the limit of massless $\chi$, associated with its longitudinal polarizations. Based on gauge symmetry, we show how to correct this issue. To this end, we consider two general models realizing the effective field theory description. Being the LFV is generated either at tree level or at one loop, these processes are well behaved for light $m_\chi$. We discuss the most salient phenomenological consequences and its relevance in the searches for this kind of decays.

      Speaker: Bibiana Marcela Marín Ochoa
    • 6
      Dark matter from dark photon signal classification at DUNE near detector with machine learning

      We study a scalar dark matter (DM) model with two DM species coupled to the Standard Model (SM) particles via a sub-GeV dark photon. The two DM candidates can be produced at fixed-target experiments a la Beam- Dump. We used machine learning techniques to distinguish signal from background and explored the potential reach in the sensitivity of DUNE near detector.

      Speaker: Guillermo Palacio
    • 7
      Effective Dirac Neutrino Mass Operator in the Standard Model With a Local Abelian Extension

      We present 48 types of solutions to the anomaly cancellation conditions of local Abelian extensions of the Standard Model (SM) with right-handed SM-singlet chiral fermions. At least two of them acquire effective light Dirac neutrino masses, while the others get heavy masses from the spontaneous symmetry breaking of the local Abelian symmetry, forming a dark sector with multi-component and multi-generational fermionic dark matter. The corresponding effective Dirac neutrino mass operator can be realized at tree-level or radiatively by introducing extra scalars, and in some cases after imposing extra scotogenic conditions.The Dirac Zee model with Dirac fermionic dark matter is presented as an example of model where the neutrino and dark matter phenomenology are basically independent of each other.

    • 4:00 PM
      Coffee Break
    • 4:30 PM
  • Wednesday, June 1
    • 8
      Gauged Baryon or Lepton number
    • 9
      A dark matter connection in a flavored axion model

      A Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetry is proposed, in order to generate in the Standard Model (SM) quark sector a realistic mass matrix ansatz with five texture-zeros. Limiting our analysis to Hermitian mass matrices we show that this requires a minimum of 4 Higgs doublets. This model allows assigning values close to 1 for several Yukawa couplings, giving insight into the origin of the mass scales in the SM. Since the PQ charges are non-universal the model features Flavor-Changing Neutral Currents (FCNC) at the tree level. In the model We found a pseudoscalar Nambu-Goldstone which could be a dark matter candidate.

      Speaker: Eduardo Rojas
    • 10:30 AM
      Coffee Break
    • 10
      Dark Matter in the Time of Primordial Black Holes

      Hawking evaporation of primordial black holes (PBH) with masses ranging from $\sim 10^{-1}$ to $\sim 10^9$ g can generate the whole observed dark matter (DM) relic density. However, a second DM production mechanism, like freeze-out or freeze-in, could have also been active in the early universe. Here we study the interplay of these mechanisms, focusing on the scenario where PBHs dominate the energy density of the universe, leading to a nonstandard cosmological era.

      Speaker: Nicolás Bernal (Universidad Antonio Nariño)
    • 11
      Observational signatures of compact dark stars

      If the dark matter particle has self-interactions, it is generically expected that a fraction of the dark matter of the Universe would be in the form of compact dark stars, that could be detected as microlensing events. Here we consider the possibility that the dark matter not only interacts with itself, but also with the proton. If this is the case, protons from the interstellar medium could be captured by the compact dark star and eventually thermalize with it. We argue that the thermal radiation emitted by the captured protons could be intense enough to be detected by gamma-ray or X-ray telescopes, thus providing an additional avenue to indirectly detect dark matter.

      Speaker: Alejandro Ibarra
    • 11:50 AM
    • 12:10 PM