10-17 July 2019
Europe/Brussels timezone

The FAMU experiment at RIKEN RAL for a precise measure of the proton radius

11 Jul 2019, 12:45
Campus Ledeganck - Aud. 4 (Ghent)

Campus Ledeganck - Aud. 4


Parallel talk Detector R&D and Data Handling Detector R&D and Data Handling


Maurizio Bonesini Maurizio Bonesini (Universita & INFN, Milano-Bicocca (IT)) Maurizio Bonesini


The FAMU (Fisica degli Atomi Muonici) experiment has the goal to measure precisely the proton Zemach radius, thus contributing to the solution of the so-called proton radius ``puzzle'', consisting in a 6 sigmas discrepancy between measurements with electrons and with muons of the charge proton radius. This discrepancy may point to new physics or violation of the lepton universality. To this aim, the FAMU experiment makes use of a high-intensity pulsed muon beam at RIKEN-RAL impinging on a cryogenic hydrogen target with an high-Z gas admixture and a tunable mid-IR high power laser, to measure the hyperfine (HFS) splitting of the 1S state of the muonic hydrogen. From the value of the exciting laser frequency, the energy of the HFS transition may be derived with high precision ($\sim 10^{-5}$) and thus, via QED calculations, the Zemach radius of the proton. The experimental signature of the process will be the emission of characteristic X-rays ($\sim$ 100 keV) from the de-excitation of the high-Z muonic atoms formed when the muon is transferred from $\mu p$ to $\mu Z$. Preliminary studies have provided indications on the most suitable high-Z elements to be used. The experimental apparatus includes a system of precise fiber-SiPM beam hodoscopes, a crown of eight 1" $LaBr_3$ crystals read by photomultipliers complemented by additional 1/2" $LaBr_3$ crystals read by SiPM arrays with temperature control and a few HPGe detectors for detection of the emitted characteristic X-rays around 100 keV . The system is in condition to detect the signal in a very noisy environment and has been used for preliminary runs. The experimental apparatus and the innovative method to determine the Zemach proton radius with high precision will be described in detail.

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