4-8 November 2019
Adelaide Convention Centre
Australia/Adelaide timezone

FPGA-accelerated machine learning inference as a service for particle physics computing

Nov 5, 2019, 2:00 PM
Riverbank R4 (Adelaide Convention Centre)

Riverbank R4

Adelaide Convention Centre

Oral Track X – Crossover sessions from online, offline and exascale Track X – Crossover sessions


Kevin Pedro (Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (US))


Large-scale particle physics experiments face challenging demands for high-throughput computing resources both now and in the future. New heterogeneous computing paradigms on dedicated hardware with increased parallelization, such as Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), offer exciting solutions with large potential gains. The growing applications of machine learning algorithms in particle physics for simulation, reconstruction, and analysis are naturally deployed on such platforms. We demonstrate that the acceleration of machine learning inference as a web service represents a heterogeneous computing solution for particle physics experiments that requires minimal modification to the current computing model. As examples, we retrain the ResNet50 convolutional neural network to demonstrate state-of-the-art performance for top quark jet tagging at the LHC and apply a ResNet50 model with transfer learning for neutrino event classification. Using Microsoft Azure Machine Learning deploying Intel FPGAs to accelerate the ResNet50 image classification model, we achieve average inference times of 60 (10) milliseconds with our experimental physics software framework deployed as a cloud (edge or on-premises) service, representing an improvement by a factor of approximately 30 (175) in model inference latency over traditional CPU inference in current experimental hardware. A single FPGA service accessed by many CPUs achieves a throughput of 600-700 inferences per second using an image batch of one, comparable to large batch-size GPU throughput and significantly better than small batch-size GPU throughput. Deployed as an edge or cloud service for the particle physics computing model, coprocessor accelerators can have a higher duty cycle and are potentially much more cost-effective.

Consider for promotion Yes

Primary authors

Nhan Viet Tran (Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (US)) Kevin Pedro (Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (US))

Presentation materials