# LXX International conference "NUCLEUS – 2020. Nuclear physics and elementary particle physics. Nuclear physics technologies"

Oct 11 – 17, 2020
Online
Europe/Moscow timezone

## Production of the 186mRe isomer in nuclear reactor

Oct 17, 2020, 2:10 PM
25m
Online

#### Online

Oral report Section 3. Modern nuclear physics methods and technologies.

### Description

The nuclear isomeric state ${}^{186m}$Re with an energy of 149 keV and a half-life of 2×$10^{5}$ years is of great interest for experiments on the stimulation of de-excitation of nuclear isomers in plasma [1, 2]. In this work, the possibility of reactor production of a substance with a high concentration of ${}^{186m}$Re isomer is considered. A cross section of about 0.3 barn of excitation of the ${}^{186m}$Re isomer by the thermal neutrons capture by ${}^{185}$Re nuclei was obtained in [3]. Compared to this reaction, the excitation of the ${}^{186m}$Re isomer in inelastic neutron scattering by ${}^{186}$Re nuclei in the ground state, decaying with a period of 90 hours, or in (n, 2n) reactions on the ${}^{187}$Re isotope is not significant.
This conclusion corresponds to the production of the ${}^{186m}$Re isomer in 2006 at the WWR-M reactor at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, when the metal powder of natural rhenium was simultaneously irradiated in the B-8 channel (thermal neutrons) and in the reactor core, where the neutrons were more high-energy. Within the measurement error of the neutron fluence for both samples, the isomer production was proportional to the fluence of thermal neutrons with an isomer cross section of 0.29 ± 0.06 barn (error at the level of one standard deviation), which coincides with the result of [3].
Thus, to produce the isomer, the ${}^{185}$Re isotope should be placed in the thermal neutron flux. The exposure is limited to the burn-up of the ${}^{185}$Re isotope and the produced ${}^{186m}$Re isomer. The production of the ${}^{186m}$Re isomer is maximum at a neutron fluence of Фmax ≈ 2×$10^{22}$ cm${}^{–2}$, while the number of ${}^{186m}$Re nuclei is 0.2% of the starting number of ${}^{185}$Re nuclei. To obtain material of the pure ${}^{186m}$Re isomer, it is first possible to clean the irradiated rhenium from chemical impurities on an ion-exchange column and then isolate an isotope with a mass number of 186. This will be the practically pure ${}^{186m}$Re isomer, since ${}^{186}$Re nuclei in the ground state decay quickly. For this operation, gas-centrifuge separation of rhenium isotopes in the form of hexafluoride, the boiling point of which is only 33.7°C, is promising.
Interestingly, a pure ${}^{186m}$Re metal will essentially be a new state of matter.

1. V.V.Vatulin, N.V.Jidkov, A.A.Rimsky-Korsakov et al. // Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci: Phys. 2017. V. 81. № 10. P. 1159.
2. V.V.Koltsov. “On stimulation of nuclear isomer de-excitation in plasma of electric explosion of conductors”. Proc. Int. Conf. “Nucleus-2018” - 68th Meeting on Nuclear Spectroscopy and Atomic Nucleus Structure. Voronezh, Russia July 2-5, 2018. P. 127.
3. D.W.Seegmiller, M.Linder, R.A.Meyer // Nucl. Phys. 1972. V. A185. P. 94.