July 28, 2020 to August 6, 2020
virtual conference
Europe/Prague timezone

Central exclusive diffractive production of axial-vector $f_{1}(1285)$ and $f_{1}(1420)$ mesons in proton-proton collisions at the LHC

Jul 30, 2020, 11:10 AM
virtual conference

virtual conference

Talk 06. Strong Interactions and Hadron Physics Strong Interactions and Hadron Physics


Otto Nachtmann (U)


We present a new study of the central exclusive diffractive production of $f_{1}(1285)$ and $f_{1}(1420)$ resonances in proton-proton collisions within the tensor-pomeron approach [1], [2]. Two pomeron-pomeron-$f_{1}$ $(l,S)$ tensorial couplings are possible a priori: (l,S) = (2,2) and (4,4). We adjust the parameters of our model to the WA102 experimental data [3] and compare with predictions of the Sakai-Sugimoto model, where the pomeron-pomeron-$f_{1}$ couplings are determined by the mixed axial-gravitational anomaly of QCD [4]. Then we present our predictions for the energies available at the LHC.The total cross section and several differential distributions are presented. We find for the $f_{1}(1285)$ a total cross section of about 35 $\mu$b for $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV and a rapidity cut on the $f_{1}$ meson of $|y| < 2.5$. Absorption corrections are included for our final distributions. Our results may be used to investigate the $pp \to pp \pi^{+}\pi^{-}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ reaction at LHC energies; see [5] for other diffractive mechanisms. The four-pion final state is also interesting in searches for glueballs. We predict a much larger cross section for production of $f_{1}(1285)$ than for production of $f_{2}(1270)$ (calculated within the same approach [6]) in the $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ decay channel for the LHC energies. This opens a possibility to study the $f_{1}(1285)$ meson in experiments planned at the LHC. We present several predictions for the ATLAS, CMS, ALICE, and LHCb experiments. Some effort to measure central exclusive four pion production at the energy $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV was initiated already by the ATLAS Collaboration [7].

[1] C. Ewerz, M. Maniatis, O. Nachtmann, Annals Phys. 342 (2014) 31.
[2] P. Lebiedowicz, O. Nachtmann, A. Szczurek, Annals Phys. 344 (2014) 301.
[3] D. Barberis et al. (WA102 Collaboration), Phys. Lett. B440 (1998) 225; A. Kirk, Phys. Lett. B489 (2000) 29.
[4] T. Sakai and S. Sugimoto, Prog. Theor. Phys. 113 (2005) 843; N. Anderson, S. K. Domokos, J. A. Harvey, N. Mann, Phys. Rev. D 90 (2014) 086010.
[5] P. Lebiedowicz, O. Nachtmann, A. Szczurek, Phys. Rev. D94 (2016) 034017.
[6] P. Lebiedowicz, O. Nachtmann, A. Szczurek, to appear in Phys. Rev. D
[7] E. Bols, http://cds.cern.ch/record/2288372/files/CERN-THESIS-2017-175.pdf

Primary authors

Piotr Lebiedowicz (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN) Josef Leutgeb (TU Wien) Otto Nachtmann (U) Anton Rebhan (Vienna University of Technology) Antoni Szczurek (Institute of Nuclear Physics)

Presentation materials