Jul 18 – 23, 2022
University of Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

Berry phases, wormholes and factorization in AdS/CFT and quantum mechanics

Not scheduled
Audimax (University of Vienna)


University of Vienna

Universitätsring 1, 1010 Vienna, Austria


Moritz Dorband (Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg)


The AdS/CFT correspondence states that certain CFTs admit a description in terms of a gravitational theory in asymptotically AdS geometries of one dimension more. one of the most fascinating examples of this correspondence is the ER = EPR proposal that relates entanglement in the boundary gauge theory to a gravitational wormhole connecting two asymptotic regions of an eternal black hole in its bulk AdS dual. This gives rise to a puzzle questioning the apparently factorized structure of the boundary Hilbert space. We attempt to probe deeper into this puzzle using a particular topological tool, namely the Berry phase. In their most general form, Berry phases are geometric phases acquired by states due to the presence of holonomies when parallel transported around a closed loop in parameter space. Wormholes in the bulk AdS spacetime, which are geometric duals of two identical CFTs maximally entangled with each other, can be associated with a holonomy, giving rise to the Berry phase. We show that these Berry phases also find their natural description in terms of symmetries of the dual boundary CFT. While this correspondence plays a pivotal role in understanding the origin of the factorization puzzle, this also encompasses the dynamics of entanglement in a generic quantum system following a fascinating, still mathematically robust group theoretical description. We establish this using quantum mechanical systems, as simple as two coupled spins in a magnetic field.

Primary authors

Anna-Lena Weigel (Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg) Dr Flavio Noguiera (IFW Dresden) Prof. Jeroen van den Brink (IFW Dresden) Prof. Johanna Erdmenger (Julius.Maximilians University Würzburg) Moritz Dorband (Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg) Dr René Meyer (Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg) Dr Souvik Banerjee (Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg)

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