Jul 18 – 23, 2022
University of Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

PQ Axiverse

Not scheduled
4m
Audimax (University of Vienna)

Audimax

University of Vienna

Universitätsring 1, 1010 Vienna, Austria
Gong Show Talk Gong Show

Speaker

Naomi Gendler

Description

We show that the strong CP problem is solved in a large class of compactifications of string theory. The Peccei-Quinn mechanism solves the strong CP problem if the CP-breaking effects of the ultraviolet completion of gravity and of QCD are small compared to the CP-preserving axion potential generated by low-energy QCD instantons. We characterize both classes of effects. To understand quantum gravitational effects, we consider an ensemble of flux compactifications of type IIB string theory on orientifolds of Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces in the geometric regime, taking a simple model of QCD on D7-branes. We show that the D-brane instanton contribution to the neutron electric dipole moment falls exponentially in N4, with N the number of axions. In particular, this contribution is negligible in all models in our ensemble with N>17. We interpret this result as a consequence of large N effects in the geometry that create hierarchies in instanton actions and also suppress the ultraviolet cutoff. We also compute the CP breaking due to high-energy instantons in QCD. In the absence of vectorlike pairs, we find contributions to the neutron electric dipole moment that are not excluded, but that could be accessible to future experiments if the scale of supersymmetry breaking is sufficiently low. The existence of vectorlike pairs can lead to a larger dipole moment. Finally, we show that a significant fraction of models are allowed by standard cosmological and astrophysical constraints.

Primary authors

Dr Cody Long (Harvard University) Jakob Moritz Naomi Gendler Liam McAllister (Cornell University) Dr Mehmet Demirtas (Northeastern University)

Presentation materials

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