Apr 23 – 27, 2023
JMS Aster Plaza
Asia/Tokyo timezone

Verifying repulsive $\Lambda$ potential at high densities using heavy-ion collision and hypernuclear data

Apr 25, 2023, 4:20 PM
Multi-Purpose Studio, 2nd Floor (JMS Aster Plaza)

Multi-Purpose Studio, 2nd Floor

JMS Aster Plaza

Poster Hadron interactions and exotics Poster Session


Asanosuke Jinno


The hyperon puzzle, namely the problem that hyperonic matter equations of state cannot support the observed massive neutron stars, has been attracting much attention. One of the proposed scenarios is that the $\Lambda$ particles do not appear even at high densities due to the repulsive $\Lambda$ potential at high densities generated by the $\Lambda$NN three-body force between the $\Lambda$ particles and medium nucleons. From the chiral effective field theory, a $\Lambda$ potential that satisfies this scenario has been obtained (Gerstung et al. (2020)). However, the density dependence of this potential has not been verified using experimental data.

In this talk, we will report that the above $\Lambda$ potential reproduces the experimental data of heavy-ion collisions and $\Lambda$ hypernuclei. We have found that the repulsive $\Lambda$ potential explains both data on the $\Lambda$ directed flow of heavy-ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=3.0-20~{\rm GeV}$ within a relativistic quantum molecular dynamics implemented in JAM (Nara et al. (2022)), and the $\Lambda$ binding energy of hypernuclei by the spherical Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method (Jinno et al. in prep.) within the uncertainties of the model. We conclude that the repulsive $\Lambda$ potential from the $\Lambda$NN three-body force can be a solution for the hyperon puzzle.

We also discuss the possibility that the $\Lambda$-potential parameter region allowed by the data of the $\Lambda$ binding energy extends to a more repulsive region than empirical ones (Lanskoy, Yamamoto (1997); Gurelia et al. (2012)). If the time allows, we also examine the empirical $\Lambda$ potential using heavy-ion data.

Theory / experiment Theory

Primary authors

Asanosuke Jinno Koichi Murase (Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University) Prof. Yasushi NARA (Akita International University) Akira Ohnishi

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