21-25 July 2019
Connecticut Convention Center, Level 6
US/Eastern timezone

C4Or1B-04: Commissioning of the Warm Compressor System for the ESS Accelerator Cryoplant

25 Jul 2019, 10:15
Level 6, Room 22-23

Level 6, Room 22-23


Mr Philipp Arnold (ESS)


The accelerator cryoplant (ACCP) providing the cooling for the cryomodules and the cryogenic distribution system for the cold part of the ESS proton linac is being built and commissioned at the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden. The ACCP warm compressor system (WCS) consists of several compression stages. The sub-atmospheric pressure stage (SP) is used to compress helium coming from the cold compressors directly to middle pressure (MP) level. The low pressure stage (LP) compresses the helium from LP level to the same MP level, being merged with additional flow from the cold box and the flow from the SP stage. The total flow is compressed in a single compression stage (HP) from MP to HP. The oil-flooded screw compressors are chosen in a way that the flow in each stage SP, LP and MP is compressed by a single screw compressor. Both, SP and LP compressors are equipped with a variable frequency drive (VFD) to adapt the compressor capacities to the various load cases.
The ACCP had been contracted to Linde Kryotechnik AG in 2015 and all compressors are made by the Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH, Germany. Following successful installation and commissioning in 2018, the final 100 hours test run at maximum nominal design condition and the part load tests under various ACCP operation modes were carried out at the beginning of 2019. The key parameters, including mass flow, power consumption, isothermal and volumetric efficiencies, are well fulfilled with the design data. The paper describes the system features, project challenges, lessons learned and acceptance test results.

Primary author

Dr Xilong Wang (ESS)


Mr Roland Wischhoefer (Aerzener Maschinenfabrik GmbH) Mr Jens Rother (Linde Kryotechnik AG) Mr Per Nilsson (ESS) Mr Johnny Råström (ESS) Mr Romain Goncalves (ESS) Mr Mattias Olsson (ESS) Mr Philipp Arnold (ESS)

Presentation Materials