Measurement of Flow Fluctuation and Centrality Fluctuation in Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS Detector

5 Nov 2019, 14:00
20m
Ball Room 1 (Wanda Reign Wuhan Hotel)

Ball Room 1

Wanda Reign Wuhan Hotel

Oral Presentation Collective dynamics and final state interaction Parallel Session - Collective dynamics II

Speaker

Jiangyong Jia for the ATLAS Collaboration (Stony brook Universty (US))

Description

Multi-particle azimuthal cumulants are measured as a function of centrality and transverse momentum in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb collisions. These cumulants provide information on the event-by-event fluctuations of harmonic flow coefficients $v_{n}$ and correlated fluctuations between two harmonics $v_{n}$ and $v_{m}$.
For the first time, a non-zero four-particle cumulant is observed for dipolar flow, $v_{1}$. The four-particle cumulants for elliptic flow, $v_{2}$, and triangular flow, $v_{3}$, exhibit a strong centrality dependence and change sign in ultra-central collisions. This sign change is consistent with significant non-Gaussian fluctuations in $v_{2}$ and $v_{3}$. The four-particle cumulant for quadrangular flow, $v_{4}$, is found to change sign in mid-central collisions. Correlations between two harmonics are found to decrease in strength towards central collisions and either approach zero or change sign in ultra-central collisions. To investigate the possible flow fluctuations arising from intrinsic centrality or volume fluctuations, the results are compared between two different event classes used for centrality definitions. In peripheral and mid-central collisions where the cumulant signals are large, only small differences are observed. In ultra-central collisions, the differences are much larger and transverse momentum dependent.
These results provide new information to disentangle flow fluctuations from the initial and final states, as well as new insights on the influence of flow observables by centrality fluctuations.

Primary author

Jiangyong Jia for the ATLAS Collaboration (Stony brook Universty (US))

Presentation Materials