Local Lambda polarization and feed-down effect in heavy-ion collisions

4 Nov 2019, 17:40
20m
Wanda Han Show Theatre & Wanda Reign Wuhan Hotel

Wanda Han Show Theatre & Wanda Reign Wuhan Hotel

Poster Presentation Chirality, vorticity and spin polarization Poster Session

Speaker

Dr Xiao-Liang Xia (Fudan University)

Description

Spin polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperon has been observed by STAR in non-central heavy-ion collisions [1,2,3]. Among these measurements, the global polarization reflects the bulk-averaged value of the vorticity, while the local polarization probes more detailed structure of the vorticity field.

We have studied the $\Lambda$ polarization in heavy-ion collisions using a multi-phase transport (AMPT) model. The results show that:

  1. The value of global polarization decreases with increasing collision energy [4]. This is in agreement with the measurement [1,2].
  2. Because of the non-uniform transverse expansion of the fireball, it can produce transverse vorticity circling the beam direction and further generate transverse local polarization [5].
  3. The result for the longitudinal local polarization [5] is consistent with the hydrodynamic calculation. However, these calculations have an opposite sign comparing to the experiment measurement [3].

To resolve this sign puzzle, we further study the effect of feed-down decay on local $\Lambda$ polarization [6]. We develop a theoretical framework to study how spin polarization is transferred from parent to daughter particle in two-body decay. After Monte-Carlo simulation, we find that the feed-down effect suppresses the primordial $\Lambda$ polarization, but can not flip the sign.

[1] STAR collaboration, Nature 548 (2017) 62-65.
[2] STAR collaboration, Phys.Rev. C98 (2018) 014910.
[3] STAR collaboration, arXiv:1905.11917.
[4] Hui Li, Long-Gang Pang, Qun Wang, and Xiao-Liang Xia, Phys.Rev. C96 (2017) no.5, 054908.
[5] Xiao-Liang Xia, Hui Li, Zebo Tang, and Qun Wang, Phys.Rev. C98 (2018) 024905.
[6] Xiao-Liang Xia, Hui Li, Xu-Guang Huang, and Huan Zhong Huang, arXiv:1905.03120, submitted to Phys.Rev.C.

Primary author

Dr Xiao-Liang Xia (Fudan University)

Co-authors

Dr Hui Li (Fudan University) Prof. Xu-Guang Huang (Fudan University) Prof. Huan Zhong Huang (Fudan University)

Presentation Materials