MOCa 2021: Materia Oscura en Colombia

Carlos Avila Bernal (Universidad de los Andes (CO)), Nicolás Bernal (Universidad Antonio Nariño), Carlos Andres Florez Bustos (Universidad de los Andes (CO)), Oscar Zapata (Universidad de Antioquia)

The fifth edition of the MOCa workshop (Materia Oscura en Colombia) will be held on the 8-10 June, 2021. The goal of the meeting is to provide  an opportunity to discuss various aspects of Dark Matter, like:

  • theory + pheno,
  • production in laboratory,
  • N-body simulations,
  • connections with cosmo and astro,
  • ...

We are a growing, active and diverse community working on dark matter. Hence, a broad approach to dark matter research is necessary given the nature of the challenge.

We expect this event to provide a platform for maximizing interactions and create new collaborations. Furthermore, we foresee a number of shorter lightning talks on specific topics. These are meant to highlight individual and/or unusual ideas and can also help increase the visibility of younger scientists.

Due to the current covid-19 related travel restrictions, there will be no in-person meeting as originally planned. However, the conference will go ahead as an online event.


  • Abhijit Kumar Saha
  • Alejandro Ibarra
  • alexander moreno
  • Amalia Betancur Rodríguez
  • Andres Castillo
  • Andres Felipe Rivera Romero
  • Angelo Villanueva
  • Antonio Enrique Cárcamo Hernández
  • Ariel Arza
  • Arturo Nunez-Castineyra
  • Avelino Vicente
  • Basabendu Barman
  • Bertrand Echenard
  • Brallan Taborda
  • Brayan Elian Castiblanco Ortigoza
  • Camila Ramos
  • Camilo Delgado-Correal
  • Camilo Garcia Cely
  • Carlos Avila
  • Carolina Arbeláez
  • Catarina Cosme
  • Cesar Bonilla
  • Chee Sheng Fong
  • Daniel Felipe Forero Sanchez
  • Daniel Pulido
  • David Suarez-Roldan
  • Deiby Alexander Pulido Caviedes
  • Dennis Katherine Viveros Sanabria
  • Diego Alejandro Ríos Pérez
  • Diego Andres Barbosa Trujillo
  • Diego Aristizabal
  • Diego Restrepo
  • Diego Vargas Arancibia
  • Dipankar Pradhan
  • Dêivid Silva
  • Eduardo Peinado
  • enrico nardi
  • Eric Vazquez-Jauregui
  • Fabiola Fortuna
  • Farbod Naderpour
  • Farinaldo Queiroz
  • Francisco Martínez López
  • Gabriel Gómez
  • guiot benjamin
  • Gustavo Ardila
  • Harold Yepes Ramirez
  • Hermano Velten
  • Ismael Delgado Gaspar
  • Jacinto Neto
  • Jhan Nicolás Martínez Lobo
  • Jhoneimar Guerrero
  • Joel Jones-Perez
  • Jorge Garcia
  • Jose Fernando Rodriguez Ruiz
  • Jose Luis Palacios Córdoba
  • Jose Ruiz
  • José David Támara Jaramillo
  • José Herman Muñoz
  • Joy Ganguly
  • Juan Pablo Arcila Maldonado
  • Juan Sebastian Valbuena Bermudez
  • Juliana Carrasco
  • Kimy Agudelo Jaramillo
  • Leandro Silva
  • Luis Felipe Pineres Rico
  • Maria José Domínguez Mesa
  • Mario Reig
  • Martin Vollmann
  • Maura Elizabeth Quezada
  • Mauricio Suárez
  • Maíra Dutra
  • Michel Bertemes
  • Miguel Antonio Sabogal García
  • Moira Venegas
  • Nicolas Fernandez
  • Nicolás Bernal
  • omar suarez
  • Oscar Macias
  • Oscar Macias
  • Paola Arias
  • Patrícia Hepp
  • Pratik Kafle
  • Reham Aly
  • Rhonal Smith Patiño Guevara
  • Roberto Lineros
  • roberto martinez
  • Robinson Longas
  • Shabeeb Alalawi
  • Shafeeq Rahman Thottoli
  • Shunsaku Horiuchi
  • Silvia Lucía Correa Angel
  • Sina Etebar
  • Suruj Jyoti Das
  • Téssio Melo
  • Valentina Montoya
  • Veronica Arias
  • Vignesh Raj Selvam
  • Víctor Muñoz
  • Walter Tangarife
  • Yohan Mauricio Oviedo Torres
  • Yong Xu
  • Yoxara Sánchez Villamizar
  • Álvaro de Jesus
  • Óscar Zapata
    • 8:00 AM 9:40 AM
      • 8:00 AM
        Particle Astrophysics of the Galactic Center 25m

        The centers of galaxies provide promising targets to search for the nature of dark matter, but only if astrophysical emissions can be well understood. I will discuss studies of the Milky Way galactic center in pursuit of dark matter signals. I will cover a tantalizing signal, the Fermi Galactic Center Excess, and highlight the importance of astrophysical modeling to establish its validity and implications for dark matter. I will finish with some promising directions for the future.

        Speaker: Shunsaku Horiuchi (Virginia Tech)
      • 8:25 AM
        On the Tau flavor of the cosmic neutrino flux 25m

        Observation of high energy cosmic neutrinos by ICECUBE has ushered in a new era in exploring both cosmos and new physics beyond the Standard Model (SM). In the standard picture, although mostly $\nu_\mu$ and $\nu_e$ are produced in the source, oscillation will produce $\nu_\tau$ {\it en route}. Certain beyond SM scenarios, like interaction with ultralight DM can alter this picture. Thus, the flavor composition of the cosmic neutrino flux can open up the possibility of exploring certain beyond the SM scenarios that are inaccessible otherwise. We show that the $\tau$ flavor holds a special place among the neutrino flavors in elucidating new physics. Interpreting the two anomalous events observed by ANITA as $\nu_\tau$ events makes the tau flavor even more intriguing. We study how the detection of the two tau events by ICECUBE constrains the interaction of the neutrinos with ultralight dark matter and discuss the implications of this interaction for even higher energy cosmic neutrinos detectable by future radio telescopes such as ARA, ARIANNA and GRAND. We also revisit the $3+1$ neutrino scheme as a solution to the two anomalous ANITA events and clarify a misconception that exists in the literature about the evolution of high energy neutrinos in matter within the $3+1$ scheme with a possibility of scattering off nuclei.
        We show that the existing bounds on the flux of $\nu_\tau$ with energy of EeV rules out this solution for the ANITA events. We show that the $3+1$ solution can be saved from both this bound and from the bound on the extra relativistic degrees of freedom in the early universe by turning on the interaction of neutrinos with ultralight dark matter.

        Speaker: Prof. Yasaman Farzan (IPM)
      • 8:50 AM
        Production and signatures of multi-flavour dark matter scenarios 25m

        We investigate the phenomenology of a dark matter scenario containing two generations of the dark matter particle, differing only by their mass and their couplings to the other particles, akin to the quark and lepton sectors of the Standard Model. For concreteness, we consider the case where the two dark matter generations are Majorana fermions that couple to a right-handed lepton and a scalar mediator through Yukawa couplings. We identify different production regimes in the multi-flavor dark matter scenario and we argue that in some parts of the parameter space the heavier generation can play a pivotal role in generating the correct dark matter abundance. In these regions, the strength of the dark matter coupling to the Standard Model can be much larger than in the single-flavored dark matter scenario. Correspondingly the indirect and direct detection signals can be significantly boosted. We also comment on the signatures of the model from the decay of the heavier dark matter generation into the lighter.

        Speaker: Alejandro Ibarra
      • 9:15 AM
        Distinguising dark matter from millisecond pulsars with the Cherenkov Telescope Array 25m

        The leading explanation of the Fermi Galactic center gamma-ray excess is the extended emission from an unresolved population of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) in the Galactic bulge. Such a population would, along with the prompt gamma rays, also inject large quantities of electrons/positrons (e-e+) into the interstellar medium. These e-e+ could potentially inverse-Compton (IC) scatter ambient photons into gamma rays that fall within the sensitivity range of the upcoming Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). In this talk, I will highlight the unique capabilities of the Cherenkov Telescope Array to detect the expected IC signal from a putative population of 10 to 50 thousand MSPs in the center of our Galaxy. I will further show that, if an IC signal were detected, then CTA can successfully discriminate between a MSPs and a dark matter origin for the radiating e-e+.

        Speakers: Oscar Macias-Ramirez, Oscar Macias (University of Amsterdam)
    • 9:40 AM 10:00 AM
      Virtual coffee 20m
    • 10:00 AM 12:00 PM
      • 10:00 AM
        Inelastic dark matter in light of the g-2 anomaly 20m


        Speaker: Camilo Garcia Cely (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY)
      • 10:20 AM
        Constraints on dark matter interactions using white dwarfs 20m

        Dark matter has been one of the greatest paradigms in the past few decades. In this talk we discuss the capture of dark matter in compact stellar objects as complementary to direct detection searches. We particularly work with white dwarfs (WD) since they are one of the best observed compact objects proposed as cosmic laboratories for studying physical processes happening at very extreme conditions. We used an Effective Field Theory approach to describe the interactions between fermionic DM and nuclei and calculated bounds on the cut-off scale of spin-independent operators.

        Speaker: Maura Ramirez
      • 10:40 AM
        Improved methods for the search of inverse Compton scattering and synchrotron radiation in dwarf galaxies. The case of annihilating or decaying Dark Matter 20m

        In the context of cosmic-ray physics, we introduce a novel strategy for the computation of the inverse-Compton scattering (ICS) and synchrotron-radiation (SR) signals in dwarf galaxies. In particular, we identify various regimes where, in analogy to prompt gamma rays, the diffuse ICS and SR signals from dark matter annihilation/decay can be expressed as the multiplication of a halo times a spectral function. These functions are computed here for the first time for a number of benchmark cases. Our theoretical setup differs from previous work in that, instead of employing a method-of-images strategy, we consider a Fourier-mode expansion of the relevant Green’s functions. With this strategy, exact results can be obtained with very low computational cost and for generic dark matter models. In particular, O(10 – 100) Fourier modes can be easily incorporated into the computations in order to probe the smallest scales of the problem.

        In addition, we propose a new strategy to search for dark matter using X-ray (ICS) or radio (SR) observations of dwarf galaxies that is (1) easy to implement and (2) free of the otherwise large degeneracies in the description of ICS or SR signals from dark matter.

        Speaker: Martin Vollmann (Technische Universität München)
      • 11:00 AM
        Searching for atmospheric Dark Matter 20m

        An interesting possibility of producing relativistic dark matter is via cosmic-ray collisions. In this talk, I will discuss the production of dark matter in cosmic-ray air-showers, which are generated in the collision of cosmic-rays with the earth's atmosphere. I will also discuss the potential of neutrino detectors for constraining this atmospheric dark matter within the context of the vector portal.

        Speaker: Víctor Muñoz (IFIC, UV)
      • 11:20 AM
        Statistical approach to Clumpy dark matter detectability 20m

        The inflationary production of dark matter (DM) can lead to several interesting scenarios in which DM may be homogeneously distributed or not. We are interested in studying  clumpy DM and  explore the characteristics of such clumps in a model independent way, orientating the analysis to the detectability of such inhomogeneities.  To do so, we simulated a counting experiment and performed a statistical analysis on the resulting power spectrum, we monitored variables like time, number of total detection, clump counting event rate  and got as a  preliminary estimate that for   clumps with overdensity rates of $\lambda_{0}\geq 10$ a significance level of  $\leq5 \sigma$ for the signal can be reached with  $N \approx 200$ total events.

        Speaker: Valentina Montoya Velásquez
      • 11:40 AM
        Cosmological hydrodynamics simulations of the same spiral galaxies: connecting the dark matter distribution of the halo with the subgrid baryonic physics 20m

        Baryonic physics i.e. star formation and stellar feedback are debated topics in galaxy formation and are of paramount importance for dark matter phenomenology. Particularly, the dark matter (DM) distribution features that play the main role in dark matter detection efforts.
        In this work, we aim to illustrate the reach of baryonic-physics-related uncertainties on the dark matter distribution features in a Milky-Way (MW) sized halo. To this end, we study the halo morphology, geometry and profile, together with the phase space distribution on the same MW-sized dark matter halo simulated using different combinations of baryonic physics and one case including only DM. In these six high-resolution zoom-in cosmological simulations we found that the modifications of the gravitational potential induced by the central population of baryons induce different dark matter distributions, modifying the mass-density and velocity profiles. The variability and uncertainties on those features can have a direct impact on dark matter direct and indirect detection rates. As a consequence, we highlight the fact that most predictions using cosmological simulations have to be taken with caution as the dark matter distribution will change depending baryonic physics.

        Speaker: Dr Arturo nunez-Castineyra (CEA, Saclay. Universite de Paris)
    • 12:00 PM 2:00 PM
      Lunch 2h
    • 2:00 PM 4:20 PM
      • 2:00 PM
        Neutrinos as a probe for new physics 20m

        Measurements of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering and neutrino-electron elastic scattering provide an useful tool to test neutrino properties at low thresholds. Stopped-pion neutrino sources as well as reactor and solar neutrinos can induce such signals. After a basic introduction to the subject, I will briefly mention various measurements and physics cases that could be studied at COHERENT and dark matter direct detection experiments. I will emphasize on prospects for measurements of neutrino magnetic moments.

        Speaker: Diego Aristizabal (Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria (USM))
      • 2:20 PM
        Indirect Searches for Secluded Dark Matter 20m

        Dark matter remains one of the most important open problems in particle physics and cosmology. Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) appear as an appealing solution, providing the right relic density with a cross-section at the electroweak scale, however, no WIMP signals were observed until now. Secluded models are good alternatives to the standard ones. In this case, instead of a direct annihilation into the standard model (SM) particles, the dark matter annihilates into mediators which subsequently decay into SM particles. In this way, we can avoid the stringent limits from direct searches, and, at the same time, secluded models can be probed by indirect detection experiments. Motivated by the appearance of secluded dark matter in several model building endeavors, in this talk, we will present the sensitivity of several gamma-ray instruments (current and prospects), including Fermi-LAT, H.E.S.S., CTA, and SWGO, to secluded dark matter annihilations in the inner galactic halo, and in the dwarf spheroidal galaxies, covering a wide range of possible DM masses, from tens of GeV to hundreds of TeV.

        Speaker: Clarissa Siqueira (Instituto de Física de São Carlos - Universidade de São Paulo (IFSC/USP)))
      • 2:40 PM
        Radiative neutrino mass models 20m

        I will discuss some models where the masses of the light active neutrinos are radiatively generated. Mechanisms for generating the SM charged fermion mass hierarchy will also be presented. Some phenomenological aspects, such as Dark matter, charged lepton flavor violation, electron and muon anomalous magnetic moments will be discussed as well.

        Speaker: Antonio Enrique Cárcamo Hernández (Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María)
      • 3:00 PM
        Similarities between visible and dark matter? 20m

        The similarity in the energy density between ordinary and dark matter is a curious observational fact. Perhaps they are more similar that we thought, related by a symmetry, which is slightly broken. We will explore such a possibility in the context of mirror world. In this context, we will discuss the Dirac and quasi-Dirac seesaw mechanism which explain the light neutrino mass and the simultaneous generation of visible and dark matter asymmetry. A interesting question is how these models can be verified experimentally.

        Speaker: Chee Sheng Fong (UFABC)
      • 3:20 PM
        TeV Dark Matter in radiative seesaw/scotogenic models 20m

        Dark Matter and neutrinos are one of the most puzzling components of the Universe. Generation of Neutrino masses can be obtained via radiative processes where Dark Matter particles are involved. Such models are known as Scotogenic DM models. The Dark Matter candidate in these models are stable thanks to the same symmetry that protect the radiative process. We present a realization of the scotogenic model using as inspiration model the Type-II seesaw. We show the model has a good DM candidate at the TeV scale and its phenomenology can be tested by CTA and Darwin.

        Speaker: Roberto Lineros (Universidad Católica del Norte)
      • 3:40 PM
        Fermion dark matter in scotogenic-like models 20m

        If neutrinos get their masses at the loop level, a dark sector might be involved in the mass generation mechanism as suggested by the scotogenic model. In this talk, I will review constraints and viable parameter space region for fermion dark matter candidates connected to the neutrino mass.

        Speaker: Cesar Bonilla Díaz
      • 4:00 PM
        Two-component scalar dark mater in $Z_{2n}$ scenarios 20m

        In multi-component scalar dark matter scenarios, a single $Z_N$ ($N\geq 4$) symmetry may account for the stability of different dark matter particles. Here we study the case where $N$ is even ($N=2n$) and two species, a complex scalar and a real scalar, contribute to the observed dark matter density.
        We show that, thanks to the new interactions allowed by the $Z_{2n}$ symmetry, current experimental constraints can be satisfied over a wide range of dark matter masses, and that these scenarios may lead to observable signals in direct detection experiments.

        Speaker: Oscar Zapata (Universidad de Antioquia)
    • 8:00 AM 9:40 AM
      • 8:00 AM
        Hunting for Dark Matter at LHC 25m

        We will present ATLAS and CMS searches for dark matter particles, mediators, as well as dark sector extensions. We will cover analyses using several different final states, topologies, and kinematic variables utilizing partial but also full Run-II data-sets collected at the LHC. We will finish with an overview and an outlook towards Run III and beyond.

        Speaker: Niki Saoulidou (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (GR))
      • 8:25 AM
        Modeling the Distribution of Galaxies in the Universe with N-body Simulations of Dark Matter 25m

        Large astronomical surveys have allowed us to map the spatial distribution of galaxies on large scales. Measurements of galaxy clustering contain valuable information about cosmology and the physics of galaxy formation, but to extract this information we need accurate models that are based on computationally expensive N-body simulations of dark matter. I will describe our work to measure and model galaxy clustering using these simulations and I will discuss our ongoing efforts to potentially replace expensive simulations with AI techniques.

        Speaker: Andreas Berlind
      • 8:50 AM
        Axion quality from flavour gauge symmetries 25m

        The strong CP problem is elegantly solved by the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism, that postulates the existence of a global Abelian symmetry endowed with a mixed 𝑈(1)𝑃𝑄-𝑆𝑈(3)𝐶 anomaly, and broken spontaneously. Implementing the PQ mechanism in UV complete models poses some challenges: (i) being anomalous, the PQ symmetry cannot be fundamental, so which is its origin? (ii) being global, it is not respected by quantum gravity corrections, so how can it remain protected? I will argue that a class of local gauge groups can automatically produce PQ symmetries with the required level of protection. Within the standard model, these symmetries would play the role of flavour symmetries, providing interesting connections between the axion quality problem and the flavour puzzle.

        Speaker: Enrico Nardi
      • 9:15 AM
        Dark matter in a variant of the Scotogenic model 25m

        There are many possibilities to link dark matter and neutrino masses, Scotogenic models being among the most popular options. In this talk I will discuss a variant of the Scotogenic model that includes charged fermions and a doublet with hypercharge $3/2$. In constrast with the standard Scotogenic model, only the scalar dark matter candidate is viable in this version. After presenting the model and explaining some particularities about neutrino mass generation, I will concentrate on its dark matter phenomenology, highlighting some relevant results.

        Speaker: Avelino Vicente (IFIC - CSIC / U. Valencia)
    • 9:40 AM 10:00 AM
      Virtual coffee 20m
    • 10:00 AM 12:00 PM
      • 10:00 AM
        Scalar Multiplet Dark Matter in a Fast Expanding Universe: resurrection of the *desert* region 20m

        We examine the impact of a faster expanding Universe on the phenomenology of scalar dark matter (DM) associated with $SU(2)_L$ multiplets. Earlier works with radiation dominated Universe have reported the presence of desert region for both inert $SU(2)_L$ doublet and triplet DM candidates where the DM is under abundant. We find that the existence of a faster expanding component before BBN can revive a major part of the desert parameter space consistent with relic density requirements and other direct and indirect search bounds. We also review the possible collider search prospects of the newly obtained parameter space and show that such region can be probed at the future colliders with improved sensitivity via a stable charged track.

        Speaker: Basabendu Barman
      • 10:20 AM
        A dark clue to seesaw and leptogenesis in a pseudo-Dirac singlet doublet scenario with (non)standard cosmology 20m

        We propose an appealing alternative scenario of leptogenesis assisted by dark
        sector which leads to the baryon asymmetry of the Universe satisfying all theoretical and
        experimental constraints. The dark sector carries a non minimal set up of singlet doublet
        fermionic dark matter extended with copies of a real singlet scalar field. A small Majorana
        mass term for the singlet dark fermion, in addition to the typical Dirac term, provides the
        more favourable dark matter of pseudo-Dirac type, capable of escaping the direct search.
        Such a construction also offers a formidable scope to radiative generation of active neutrino
        masses. In the presence of a (non)standard thermal history of the Universe, we perform
        the detailed dark matter phenomenology adopting the suitable benchmark scenarios, consistent with direct detection and neutrino oscillations data. Besides, we have demonstrated
        that the singlet scalars can go through CP-violating out of equilibrium decay, producing
        an ample amount of lepton asymmetry. Such an asymmetry then gets converted into the
        observed baryon asymmetry of the Universe through the non-perturbative sphaleron processes owing to the presence of the alternative cosmological background considered here.
        Unconventional thermal history of the Universe can thus aspire to lend a critical role both
        in the context of dark matter as well as in realizing baryogenesis.

        Speaker: Dr Abhijit Kumar Saha (Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science)
      • 10:40 AM
        Neutrino Portal to FIMP Dark Matter with an Early Matter Era 20m

        In this talk, I will discuss the freeze-in production of Feebly Interacting Massive Particle (FIMP) dark matter candidates through a neutrino portal, in the case where an early matter-dominated era took place for some period between inflation and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. In this model, we consider a hidden sector comprised of a fermion and a complex scalar, with the lightest one regarded as a FIMP candidate, and three heavy neutrinos, responsible for mediating the interactions between the Standard Model and the dark matter sectors and for generating the masses of the Standard Model neutrinos. I will present the dynamics of the dark matter candidate throughout the modified cosmic history, evaluate the relevant constraints of the model, and discuss the consequences of the duration of the early matter-dominated era for dark matter production. Finally, I will show that, under some circumstances, this scenario becomes testable through indirect detection searches.

        Speaker: Catarina Cosme (IFIC, University of Valencia)
      • 11:00 AM
        Maximally misaligned axions 20m

        In this talk I will discuss a simple model of maximal axion misalignment. Maximally-misaligned axions with masses larger than 10^{-22} eV constitute an attractive DM candidate with interesting phenomenology. On the other hand, maximally-misaligned axions with masses m=O(1-100)H_0 generically behave as dark energy with a decay constant that can take values well below the Planck scale, avoiding problems associated to super-Planckian scales.

        Speaker: Mario Reig (Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC))
      • 11:20 AM
        A Renormalizable Model for Inflation and Dark Matter 20m

        We present a renormalizable framework to embed inflation and dark matter (DM) by extending the standard model (SM) with one gauge singlet real scalar field $\phi$ and one gauge singlet fermonic field $\chi$. In our setup, the real scalar field acts as inflaton, and its potential is the most general renormalizable polynomial up to quartic term, which becomes flat due to the existence of a (near) inflection-point. The inflationary predictions agree with the latest CMB experiments very well. We also analyze reheating by considering the Higgs production via inflaton decay. In our scenario DM $\chi$ particles can be produced via decay of inflaton, freeze-in mechanism or gravitational scattering of inflaton/SM plasma depending on the model parameter considered.

        Speaker: Mr Yong Xu (Bonn U.)
      • 11:40 AM
        VBF DM searches within Simplified Models 20m

        We study the possible Vector Boson Fusion signatures that arise from Simplified models for DM production at the LHC. We develop a strategy for looking for these signals and compare it with monojet type of searches. We show how different DM searches in simplified models are complimentary and needed to establish a full picture of DM production at the LHC.

        Speaker: Jose Ruiz (Universidad de Antioquia (CO))
    • 12:00 PM 2:00 PM
      Lunch 2h
    • 2:00 PM 4:45 PM
      • 2:00 PM
        Effects of a hidden photon-dark matter background in axion-photon interactions 20m

        In this work we investigate a scenario where the dark matter of the universe is made of light hidden photons. Thanks to a $Z_{2}$ symmetry, the kinetic mixing with the photon is forbidden and the dark photon interacts with the Standard Model only via an axion-like particle, that acts as a messenger. Focusing on signatures involving the ordinary photon, our survey of the phenomenology includes limits from cosmological stability, CMB distortions, astrophysical energy loss, light-shining-through-walls experiments, helioscopes and solar X-ray observations.

        Speaker: Paola Arias Reyes
      • 2:20 PM
        Graviballs and Dark Matter 20m

        In JHEP 11 (2020) 159, we have investigated the possible existence of graviballs, a system of bound gravitons, and show that two gravitons can be bound together by their gravitational interaction. This conclusion is consistent with older classical studies on gravitational geons. Our calculations rely on the formalism and techniques of quantum field theory, specifically on low-energy quantum gravity. By solving numerically the relativistic equations of motion, we access to the space-time dynamics of the graviball formation. The interest of our study is twofold:

        1) Tree level calculations in quantum gravity are equivalent to general relativity. Consequently, the graviball is a prediction of general relativity and should exist (it shares similarities with black holes).
        2) Graviballs offer a natural candidate for dark matter since they are massive and essentially invisible.

        New results with more than 2 gravitons forming the graviball will be presented. We will discuss the stability of the graviball and phenomena similar to the black hole evaporation.

        Speaker: Dr Benjamin Guiot (Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria)
      • 2:40 PM
        DM EFT with Spin One Mediators 20m

        We analyze interactions between dark matter and standard model particles with spin one mediators in an effective field theory framework. In this paper, we are considering dark particles masses in the range from a few MeV to the mass of the Z boson. We use bounds from different experiments: Z invisible decay width, relic density, direct detection experiments, and indirect detection limits from the search of gamma ray emissions and positron fluxes. We obtain solutions corresponding to operators with antisymmetric tensor mediators that fulfill all those requirements within our approach.

        Speaker: Fabiola Fortuna (Cinvestav)
      • 3:00 PM
        Revisiting sneutrino dark matter in natural SUSY scenarios 20m

        We study natural supersymmetric scenarios with light right-handed neutrino superfields, and consider the possibility of having a sneutrino as a dark matter candidate. We consider thermal and nonthermal production, taking into account freeze-out, freeze-in, and super-WIMP mechanisms. For the nonthermal case, we find that the R-sneutrino can reproduce the observed relic density by adjusting their mass and Yukawa couplings. For the thermal case, we find the need to extend the model in order to enhance sneutrino annihilations, which we exemplify in a model with an extended gauge symmetry.

        Speaker: Dr Joel Jones-Perez (PUCP)
      • 3:20 PM
        Gravitational SIMPs 20m

        We study the impact of thermalization and number-changing processes in the
        dark sector on the yield of gravitationally produced dark matter (DM). We take
        into account the DM production through the $s$-channel exchange of a massless
        graviton both from the scattering of inflatons during the reheating era, and
        from the Standard Model bath via the UV freeze-in mechanism. By considering the
        DM to be a scalar, a fermion, and a vector boson we show, in a
        model-independent way, that DM self-interaction gives rise to a larger viable
        parameter space by allowing lower reheating temperature to be compatible with
        Planck observed relic abundance. As an example, we also discuss our findings in
        the ontext of the $\mathbb{Z}_2$-symmetric scalar singlet DM model.

        Speaker: Nicolás Bernal (Universidad Antonio Nariño)
      • 3:40 PM
        Astrophysical solutions in the generalized SU(2) Proca theory 20m

        The scalar-tensor theory introduced by Horndeski has a sound and firm basis since it avoids the Ostrograski’s instability. The generalized SU(2) Proca Theory, which is a vector-tensor theory where the vector content enjoys a SU(2) global symmetry, has been built following Horndeski’s spirit. Such a theory exhibits interesting properties that make it a candidate to describe the primordial inflationary period while satisfying the restriction on the gravitational waves speed. At astrophysical scales, the theory needs to be validated. Here we study the spherically-symmetric case using the 't Hooft-Polyakov magnetic monopole ansatz. We found equilibrium configurations constructed from only the metric tensor and the vector field mentioned above. These configurations constitute particle-like solutions which are regular at the origin and asymptotically flat. The objects we have found are boson stars which could eventually contribute to the dark matter content of the universe.

        Speaker: Jhan Nicolás Martínez Lobo (Universidad Industrial de Santander)
      • 4:00 PM
        Spin 3/2 dark matter in the radiative seesaw 20m

        We propose a model with spin 3/2 fermions and vector doublets. We compute neutrino masses via radiative seesaw mechanism. We investigate the consequences of the model in the dark matter relic abundance. Furthermore, we implement the Casas-Ibarra parametrization to constraint the parameter space considering theoretical constraints. We also analyze the parameter space for direct detection of dark matter.

        Speaker: David Suarez-Roldan (Universidad de Antioquia)
      • 4:20 PM
        Singlet fermion dark matter and Dirac neutrinos from Peccei-Quinn symmetry 20m

        In this work we study the one-loop realizations of the d = 5 operator $\bar L \tilde H N_R S$ that leads to Dirac neutrino masses, where $S$ is a singlet scalar field that hosts the QCD axion, $N_R$ represents three right-handed neutrinos, $L$ is the lepton doublet and $H$ is the SM Higgs boson. As usual, the axion arises from the breaking of the Peccei-Quinn symmetry, which in our setup we use to not only solve the strong CP problem, but also to forbid the operator $\bar L \tilde H N_R S$ (which generates Dirac neutrino masses at tree level) and the tree-level realizations of $\bar L \tilde H N_R S$. Thus, the neutrino masses are directly correlated to the axion mass (via the PQ symmetry breaking scale $v_S$) and their smallness is due to the radiative character besides the mass suppression of the loop mediators. Furthermore, the PQ symmetry breaking leaves a residual $Z_N$ symmetry that allow us to guarantee the stability of the lightest of the
        mediators in the one-loop neutrino mass diagrams (as happens in the scotogenic models), thus leading naturally to multicomponent DM scenarios with axions and WIMPs. We illustrate our proposal by considering a specific model, where simple numerical estimates allow us to show the effectiveness of the scheme regarding neutrino masses, DM and lepton flavor violating processes.

        Speaker: Óscar Rodríguez (Universidad de Antioquia)
    • 8:00 AM 9:40 AM
      • 8:00 AM
        Search for galactic dark matter and CEvNS in reactors with liquid argon 25m

        DEAP-3600 is a WIMP dark matter direct-detection experiment located deep underground at SNOLAB near Sudbury in Canada, which uses liquid argon as target material. This experiment has set the most stringent limits in argon. A recent study was developed using a Non-Relativistic Effective Field Theory (NREFT) to consider other dark matter-nucleon interactions. The research includes some specific interactions and isospin-violating scenarios, where world-leading limits were achieved for some model parameters. This study also analyzed the modification of the exclusion limits due to potential substructures in the local dark matter halo, motivated by the observations of stellar distributions from the Gaia satellite and other astronomical surveys.

        The Scintillating Bubble Chamber (SBC) is a new technology under development ideal for both GeV-mass WIMP searches and CEvNS detection at reactor sites. A 10-kg bubble chamber using liquid argon with the potential to reach and maintain sub-keV energy thresholds is currently under construction. This detector will combine the event-by-event energy resolution of a liquid noble scintillation detector with the world-leading electron-recoil discrimination capability of the bubble chamber.

        Recent results from DEAP-3600 and the status of the SBC-10kg will be presented in this talk.

        Speaker: Eric Vazquez-Jauregui (IF-UNAM)
      • 8:25 AM
        Freezing-in into a thermalized hidden sector. 25m

        The standard freeze-in paradigm has a hidden UV sensitivity in that the initial DM population is assumed to be exactly zero. We explore how a pre-existing population of DM, either alone or as part of a thermalized dark sector, affects the dynamics of freeze-in. The UV sensitivity of this more general scenario, which we dub “glaciation”, is manifested in the dependence of the late-time relic abundance on the size of the initial population. We dispense rather quickly with the case of a stand-alone initial DM abundance, which simply leads to an offset in the relic abundance compared to the standard scenario, but we find rich and interesting dynamics in the case of a pre-existing thermalized dark sector. Our results have important consequences for direct detection experiments searching for freeze-in dark matter.

        Speaker: Nicolas Fernandez (University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
      • 8:50 AM
        Recent Results of Dark Sector Searches with the BaBar Experiment 25m

        Many scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model predict new particles with masses well below the electroweak scale. Low-energy, high luminosity colliders such as BABAR are ideally suited to discover these particles. We present several recent searches for low-mass dark sector particles at BABAR, including leptophilic scalars, self-interacting dark matter, and axion like particles produced in B decays. These examples demonstrate the importance of B-factories in fully exploring low-mass new physics.

        Speaker: Bertrand Echenard (California Institute of Technology)
      • 9:15 AM
        Dark sector searches at Belle II 25m

        The Belle II experiment at the asymmetric $e^+e^-$ collider, SuperKEKB, is a substantial upgrade of the Belle/KEKB experiment. Belle II aims to record 50 ab$^{-1}$ of data over the course of the project. During the first physics runs in 2018-2020, around 100 fb$^{-1}$ of data were collected. These early data include specifically-designed low-multiplicity triggers which allow a variety of searches for light dark matter and dark-sector mediators in the GeV mass range.

        This talk will present the very first world-leading physics results from Belle II: searches for the invisible decays of a new vector Z’, and visible decays of an axion-like particle; as well as the near-term prospects for other dark-sector searches. Many of these searches are competitive with the data already collected or the data expected in the next few years of operation.

        Speaker: Michel Bertemes (Austrian Academy of Sciences (AT))
    • 9:40 AM 10:00 AM
      Virtual coffee 20m
    • 10:00 AM 11:20 AM
      • 10:00 AM
        Testing freeze-in with $Z'$ bosons 20m

        If dark matter particles interact too feebly with ordinary matter, they have never been able to thermalize in the early universe. Such Feebly Interacting Massive Particles (FIMPs) would be therefore produced via the freeze-in mechanism. Testing FIMPs is a challenging task, given the smallness of their couplings. In this talk, after giving a brief overview on the phenomenology of FIMPs, I will discuss our recent proposal of a $ Z'$ portal where the freeze-in can be currently tested by many experiments. In our model, $ Z'$ bosons with mass in the MeV-PeV range have both vector and axial couplings to ordinary and dark fermions. We constraint our parameter space with bounds from direct detection, atomic parity violation, leptonic anomalous magnetic moments, neutrino-electron scattering, collider, and beam dump experiments.

        Speaker: Maíra Dutra (Carleton University)
      • 10:20 AM
        Connecting neutrino physics with dark matter 20m


        Speaker: Eduardo Peinado (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico)
      • 10:40 AM
        Sterile neutrinos and self-interactions 20m

        In this talk, I will discuss the effects of self-interactions on the production of sterile-neutrino dark matter. For the case of self-interacting active neutrinos, the new interaction plays an important role in the resonant production of dark matter. We have analyzed such a scenario in the case of vector and scalar mediators. The case of self-interactions in the sterile sector provides an interesting model of self-interacting dark matter. These models serve as a well-motivated target for the upcoming experimental searches.

        Speaker: Walter Tangarife (Loyola University Chicago)
      • 11:00 AM
        Multicomponent dark matter and the dark photon portal 20m

        We present a multicomponent subGeV dark matter model where the new dark sector particles interact with each other and the Standard Model through a dark photon. The new massive gauge boson arises from a broken U(1) dark symmetry. We will show how the relic abundance depends on the dark sector parameter space and the very important dark matter conversion channel. Moreover, we will show that experiments such as DUNE(Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment) have the potential to produce and detect these particles through dark matter-electron interactions.

        Speaker: Amalia Betancur Rodríguez
    • 11:20 AM 11:50 AM
      Closing remarks 30m