Forward Physics Facility Theory Workshop

Europe/Zurich
4/3-006 - TH Conference Room (CERN)

4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

CERN

110
Show room on map
Luis Anchordoqui (Lehman College, City University of New York), Brian Batell, Joachim Kopp (CERN), Juan Rojo (VU Amsterdam and Nikhef), Anna Stasto, Felix Kling (DESY)
Description

The goal of this hybrid workshop is to discuss physics opportunities at the proposed Forward Physics Facility at the LHC. Topics include 

  • High-energy neutrino interactions 
  • Forward meson production 
  • Hadron structure with neutrino beams
  • Implications to astroparticle physics (cosmic rays, UHE neutrinos)
  • Searches for physics beyond the Standard Model

The program will include presentations by the various FPF physics working groups, as well as ample time for discussions and contributed talks (see Call for Abstracts).

All those planning to attend should register to ensure they receive all relevant communications. If you plan to participate in person, we kindly ask you to do so before July 31st, 2023.

In-person participants have the option of extending their visit by applying to CERN's Short-Term Visitor Program for theoretical physics. Through this program, there may also be limited financial support available. Please indicate on the application form that your visit is related to the FPF Workshop.

Accommodation
Participants
  • Adam Ritz
  • Alex Keyken
  • Alexander Sandrock
  • Alfonso Andres Garcia Soto
  • Amanda Sarkar
  • Ana Luisa Foguel
  • Anchordoqui Luis
  • Anna Sfyrla
  • Anna Stasto
  • Aparajitha Karthikeyan
  • Ara Ioannisyan
  • Ashutosh Kumar Alok
  • Atri Bhattacharya
  • Barr Alan
  • Bei Zhou
  • Brian Thomas Batell
  • BRUNO DE ARAÚJO
  • Carl Gwilliam
  • Charlotte Cavanagh
  • Chloé Gaudu
  • Clara Almeida
  • Dennis Silverman
  • Dennis Soldin
  • Eli Marcel Welch
  • Erison Rocha
  • Fatemeh Taghavi-Shahri
  • Felix Kling
  • Francesco Giovanni Celiberto
  • Francesco Giuli
  • Gustavo Gil Da Silveira
  • Hamed Abdolmaleki
  • Hidetoshi Otono
  • Hobbs Timothy
  • Hooman Davoudiasl
  • Huayang Song
  • Ibrahim Mirza
  • Isabella Masina
  • Ivan Vitev
  • Jean-Loup Tastet
  • Jinmian Li
  • Joey Huston
  • Jonathan Lee Feng
  • Jorge Junior Monteiro de Mendonça Juior
  • Josh McFayden
  • Joshua Isaacson
  • Juan M. Cruz Martinez
  • Juan Rojo
  • Juliana Macêdo
  • Jyotismita Adhikary
  • Karluce Medeiros Cruz
  • Kevin Kelly
  • Keythillli Marchito Perez
  • Krzysztof Jodlowski
  • LINGFENG LI
  • Luana Natalie Padilha
  • Macsiel Nunes Lima Neves
  • Madeeha Nazish
  • Magno Machado
  • Mahesh Kumar Saini
  • Maksym Ovchynnikov
  • Maria Franciely Freitas dos Santos
  • Mary Hall Reno
  • Matee Rehman
  • Matheus Henrique Basso
  • Max Fieg
  • Monica D'Onofrio
  • Muhammad Usman
  • Neetu Raj Singh Chundawat
  • Patrick Koppenburg
  • Peter Denton
  • Peter Reimitz
  • R. P. Costa Jr.
  • Rita de Cassia Dos Anjos
  • Rodrigo Sasse
  • Roshan Mammen Abraham
  • Ryan Plestid
  • Saeid Foroughi-Abari
  • Sebastian Trojanowski
  • Seung J. Lee
  • Sidnei Guerino Fabris Junior
  • Sidnei Guerino Fabris Junior
  • Subir Sarkar
  • Sudhir Kumar Vempati
  • Tanjona R. Rabemananjara
  • Tom Yildirim
  • Tomohiro Inada
  • Toni Makela
  • Victor Paulo Goncalves
  • Weidong Bai
  • Xie Keping
  • Xuhui Jiang
  • Yasaman Farzan
  • Yoxara Sánchez Villamizar
  • Yu Seon Jeong
  • Yu-Dai Tsai
  • özgür ARIÇ
TH workshop secretariat
  • Monday, September 18
    • 1
      Welcome and Introduction 4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      CERN

      110
      Show room on map
      Speakers: Felix Kling (DESY), Joachim Kopp (CERN)
    • 2
      FPF Connection to Astro-Particle Physics 4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      CERN

      110
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      Speaker: Prof. Subir Sarkar (University of Oxford)
    • 3
      Physics with Muons at the FPF 4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      CERN

      110
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      Speakers: Alexander Sandrock, Felix Kling (DESY), Dr Juan M. Cruz Martinez (CERN), Sebastian Trojanowski
    • BSM Physics Parallel Session 4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      4/3-006 - TH Conference Room

      CERN

      110
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      • 4
        Looking forward to photon-coupled sub-GeV long-lived particles

        Many Dark Sector models contain photon-coupled long-lived particles. An outstanding example is an axion-like particle decaying into two photons. The forward physics detectors at the LHC, e.g., FASER, were shown to be particularly suitable for hunting ~sub-GeV ALPs thanks to numerous photons produced in pp collisions, which in turn are efficiently converted into ALPs by the Primakoff scattering. We consider a few of beyond the SM physics scenarios in which similar processes can occur, in particular massive spin-2 portal and inelastic DM with EM form factors. We find that FASER2 and SHiP experiments will cover a significant part of the available parameter space for each of them. Moreover, we show that secondary production of LLPs at FASER2 can improve the coverage of parameter spaces in the regime of smaller lifetimes.

        Speaker: Krzysztof Jodlowski
      • 5
        Light Scalars at FASER

        FASER, the ForwArd Search ExpeRiment, is a currently
        operating experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) that can
        detect light long-lived particles produced in the forward region of
        the LHC interacting point. In this talk, we show the prospect of
        detecting light CP-even and CP-odd scalars at FASER and FASER 2.
        Considering a model-independent framework describing the most general
        interactions between a CP-even or CP-odd scalar and SM particles using
        the notation of coupling modifiers in the effective Lagrangian, we
        develop the general formalism for the scalar production and decay. We
        then analyze the FASER and FASER 2 reaches of light scalars in the
        large tan beta region of the Type-I two Higgs doublet model as a case
        study, in which light scalars with relatively long lifetime could be
        accommodated. Both FASER and FASER 2 can probe a large part of the
        parameter space in the large tan beta region up to 10^7, extending
        beyond the constraints of the other existing experiments.

        Speaker: Huayang Song (ITP)
      • 6
        Quirks at the Forward Physics Facility

        Quirks are a generic prediction of strongly-interacting hidden sectors with low Lambda. Such particles can be produced in large numbers at the LHC with high initial pT, but since they are tied together by a color string, the quirk--anti-quirk system has vanishing total pT and so propagates down the beam pipe into forward detectors. We show that quirks produce a spectacular signature of two simultaneous, slow or delayed, charged tracks, allowing FPF detectors to probe deep into quirk parameter space

        Speaker: Jonathan Lee Feng (University of California Irvine (US))
      • 7
        ISR and FSR of Dark Photons

        We study the relevance of Initial- and Final-State radiation in QCD processes at the LHC as a production mechanism for dark photons. We implement dark photon splitting functions to quarks into the Monte-Carlo Generator Herwig and add it to the forward and backward evolution of the parton shower in LHC events. We simulate the most relevant forward physics processes, and identify in which way ISR and FSR radiations contribute to the overall production of dark photons in forward physics experiments like FASER/FASER2.

        Speaker: Peter Reimitz (University of Sao Paulo)
      • 8
        Benchmarking Proton Bremsstrahlung for Dark Sector Production

        Proton beams at high luminosity colliders and fixed-target facilities offer remarkable sensitivity to new light weakly coupled degrees of freedom in the dark sector. In a recent study, we revisited the production of dark photons and dark scalars via proton bremsstrahlung for a range of beam energies, including those relevant to the proposed Forward Physics Facility (FPF) at the High Luminosity LHC. In this talk I will present some new results from work in progress, assessing the effectiveness of current methods for calculating the proton bremsstrahlung rate by comparing and benchmarking the bremsstrahlung distribution with very forward particle production rates within the SM. In the case of the vector portal, we analyze and compare the bremsstrahlung spectrum with data on the inclusive forward production of neutral vector mesons.

        Speaker: Saeid Foroughi-Abari (University of Victoria)
      • 9
        SensCalc: public and unified calculations of sensitivities to feebly interacting particles

        The idea that new physics could take the form of feebly interacting particles (FIPs) — particles with a mass below the electroweak scale, but which may have evaded detection due to their tiny couplings or very long lifetime — has recently gained a lot of traction. A wide variety of experiments have been proposed to search for this type of particles. However, the assumptions made about the models or acceptance can differ greatly between sensitivity studies, making it difficult to do an apples-to-apples comparison between those experiments. To address this issue, we have developed SensCalc, a Mathematica package designed to consistently compute the expected signal across a broad range of models and experiments (both at colliders and beam dumps) while keeping the assumptions under control. In this talk, I will introduce SensCalc, compare it with related packages, discuss its strengths and limitations, and finally show how the sensitivity can change when some core assumptions are varied.

        Speaker: Jean-Loup Tastet (UAM-IFT)
      • 10
        Probing Reheating Cosmology at FORMOSA and FPF: Cosmic Millicharged Background

        We demonstrate that the searches for dark sector particles can provide probes of reheating scenarios, focusing on the Cosmic Millicharge Background (CmB) produced in the early universe. We discuss two scenarios of millicharge particles (mCPs), with or without kinetic mixing, as they have different theoretical motivations and cosmological signatures. The mCP without an accompanying dark photon can be an indirect test of GUTs and string compactifications, and we discuss its overproduction and CMB constraints with different reheating temperatures as an attempt to identify a region to search for it. The millicharged particle from kinetic mixing also has important constraints regarding different reheating temperatures. In both cases, FORMOSA and FPF provide excellent probes of these rehearing scenarios and can set limits on the maximum temperatures of the SM particles during the reheating process.

        Speaker: Yu-Dai Tsai (University of California, Irvine)
    • SM Physics Parallel Session 4/3-001

      4/3-001

      CERN

      18
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      • 11
        Investigating the reach of FPF via information geometry using multidifferential neutrino spectra 500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        CERN

        400
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        Based on a broad selection of existing predictions to cover the phase space as well as possible, we investigate the highest achievable precision for the neutrino spectra expected at the FPF. The spectra are presented as a function of neutrino energy and the spatial radius of the interaction vertex, separately for each outgoing charged lepton flavor, thus demonstrating the increase in precision due to the use of multidifferential distributions. This allows assessing the ultimate experimental reach of the FPF, and as particular examples we investigate the constraints that can be set on neutrino charged current non-standard interactions and enhanced forward kaon production.

        Speaker: Toni Makela (NCBJ)
      • 12
        The Swampland and Neutrino Physics 4/3-001

        4/3-001

        CERN

        18
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        I will discuss constraints imposed by swampland conjectures on neutrino masses and mixing, focussing attention on the region of the parameter space to be probed by FPF experiments.

        Speaker: Luis Anchordoqui
      • 13
        Forward Neutrinos from Charm at Large Hadron Collider 4/3-001

        4/3-001

        CERN

        18
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        The currently operating FASER experiment and the planned Forward Physics Facility (FPF) will detect a large number of neutrinos produced in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. In addition to neutrinos from pion and kaon decays, a significant contribution is expected from the decay of charmed hadrons, particularly for electron and tau neutrino flavors. In this talk, we shall discuss two QCD formulations for the production of charm quarks in $pp$ collisions: the next-to-leading order collinear factorization and the $k_T$-factorization approach. We use state of the art fragmentation schemes to obtain hadron cross-sections and validate them against current LHCb data. These calculations are then used to predict the forward neutrino flux from charm hadron decays. We further scrutinize the impact of varying QCD parameters, such as scales, the selection of parton distribution functions, and the modeling of fragmentation, on these predictions. Among these factors, the modeling of fragmentation has a particularly significant impact on the neutrino flux at FASER.

        Speaker: Dr Atri Bhattacharya (University of Liège)
      • 14
        Forward D-meson production 500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        CERN

        400
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        The heavy-flavor production at the hadron collider provides an important venue to test our understanding of the strong interaction. Due to the large heavy-flavor mass, this process is perturbatively calculable in quantum chromodynamics. In this work, we apply our recently developed Simplified-ACOT scheme with massive phase space (S-ACOT-MPS) to the D-meson production, which can be directly measured very well at the LHC. Meanwhile, the D-meson decay in the far-forward region provides an important neutrino resource directly detected in the FASER experiment as well as other forward physics facilities.

        Speaker: Keping Xie (University of Pittsburgh)
      • 15
        CT18 Fitted Charm: possibilities at the Forward Physics Facility 500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        CERN

        400
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        As the lightest of the heavy flavors, the charm quark occupies a liminal space in QCD, transgressing the boundary separating perturbative and nonperturbative dynamics. Charm thus plays a central role in efforts to refine QCD and our corresponding understanding of proton structure for experiments at the LHC and elsewhere. We outline a stubborn problem in the theory of nucleon structure: the open question of whether the proton contains a significant nonperturbative charm component. We also discuss some of the theoretical ambiguities that have kept this challenge alive while summarizing the findings of a recently published CTEQ-TEA analysis, the CT18 Fitted Charm (FC) study, which identified a need for more data from experiments like the Forward Physics Facility to resolve this question.

        Speaker: TIMOTHY J HOBBS (Argonne National Laboratory)
      • 16
        Tuning Pythia for Forward Particle Production at the FPF 500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        500/1-001 - Main Auditorium

        CERN

        400
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        Event generators have largely been used for central physics predictions at the LHC and parameters regarding hadron production in these generators have been tuned using central physics data. In particular, Pythia has proven to be a reliable generator for central measurements, but it's prediction for forward particle production shows disagreement with LHCf data, which points to a need for a Pythia tune for the FPF. Furthermore, flux uncertainty predictions at the FPF have been obtained by using the spread of different event generators which is a pragmatic but statistically ungrounded approach. In this talk, I discuss our work to obtain a Pythia tune for future forward physics studies. Using LHCf data we tune a subset of Pythia's parameters to more accurately reproduce the forward particle flux without spoiling the success in the central region, and we also obtain a flux uncertainty in a data-driven way. This tune can be used for future studies both within and beyond the Standard Model.

        Speaker: Max Fieg
      • 17
        Electromagnetic Properties of Neutrinos and the Weak Mixing Angle at the FPF 4/3-001

        4/3-001

        CERN

        18
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        The recent observation of collider neutrinos by the FASER collaboration highlights the potential the forward direction at the LHC has for neutrino physics. In the HL-LHC era, we expect a significant number of neutrinos of all flavors in the forward direction, opening the way for precision studies using collider neutrinos at the proposed Forward Physics Facility (FPF). In this talk, I will present some phenomenological studies of the electromagnetic properties of neutrinos, namely magnetic moment, milli-charge, and charge radius, that can be done at the FPF. Making use of this intense flux of neutrinos, FPF will be able to provide highly competitive and world leading bounds on these neutrino properties. Furthermore, the weak mixing angle can be measured to about $3\%$ precision at the FLArE detector. The ability to measure the weak mixing angle with this high precision sets an important benchmark for the design of the FPF neutrino detectors.

        Speaker: Roshan Mammen Abraham
  • Tuesday, September 19