# Online Strangeness in Quark Matter Conference 2021

US/Eastern
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Description

The 19th International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter (SQM 2021) will focus on new experimental and theoretical developments on the role of strange and heavy-flavour quarks in high energy heavy-ion collisions and in astrophysical phenomena. Due to the ongoing pandemic, it will be an online-only conference and serves as a bridge to the postponed SQM 2022 in South Korea. The online conference is sponsored by BNL, SBU, CERN and PNU.

Conference physics topics:

• Strangeness and heavy quark production in nuclear collisions and hadronic interactions
• Bulk matter phenomena associated with strange and heavy quarks
• Production of strange/heavy-flavor hadron resonances and hypernuclei
• Strangeness in astrophysics
• Open questions and new developments

Please click here for ZOOM connection details (login and registration required).

Participants
• Abdel Magied DIAB
• Abdel Nasser Tawfik
• Abdulla Abdulsalam
• Adam Bzdak
• Adam Jacholkowski
• Adam Kisiel
• Adam Trzupek
• Adiba Shaikh
• Adnan Ahmad
• Adrian Fereydon Nassirpour
• Agnieszka Sorensen
• Aihong Tang
• AJAHARUL ISLAM
• Ajeeta Khatiwada
• Alberto Caliva
• Aleksas Mazeliauskas
• Aleksei Sheremetev
• Alessandro De Falco
• Alexander Kryanev
• Alexander Philipp Kalweit
• Alexander Sorin
• Alexandr Prozorov
• Alexandra Friesen
• Alexandre Alarcon Do Passo Suaide
• Alexandru Florin Dobrin
• Alfred Mishi
• Alice Ohlson
• Amelia Lindner
• Ana Gabriela Grunfeld
• Ana Marin
• Anders Garritt Knospe
• Andre Govinda Stahl Leiton
• Andrea Dainese
• Andrea Dubla
• Andrea Lavagno
• Andrea Palermo
• Andrej Kugler
• Angel Nava
• Angela Badala
• Anirban Lahiri
• Anjaly Sasikumar Menon
• Anju Bhasin
• Ankita Nain
• Ann Kingan
• Anton Andronic
• Anton Motornenko
• Antonina Rosano
• Antonio Uras
• Apar Agarwal
• Arghya Chatterjee
• Aritra De
• Arkadiy Taranenko
• Armen Sedakian
• Arushi Dhamija
• Arvind Kumar
• Ashik Ikbal Sheikh
• Atsushi Nakamura
• Avraham Gal
• Balazs Endre Szigeti
• Balázs Szigeti
• Baochi Fu
• Baoyi Chen
• Barbara Erazmus
• Barbara Trzeciak
• Basant Magdy
• Benjamin Doenigus
• Benjamin Schweid
• Bernd-Jochen Schaefer
• Berndt Mueller
• Biaogang Wu
• BIKASH SINHA
• Bjoern Schenke
• Bojana Ilic (Blagojevic)
• Boris Hippolyte
• Brigitte Cheynis
• Byungsik Hong
• Captain Rituraj Singh
• Cesar Bernardes
• Chang-Hwan Lee
• Changfeng Li
• Chao Zhang
• Charles Gale
• Chenlu Hu
• Chenxi Gu
• Cheuk-Yin Wong
• Cheuk-Yin Wong
• Chi Ding
• Chi Yang
• Chi Yang
• Chi Zhang
• Chiara Pinto
• Chris Allton
• Christian Peter Muntz
• Christina Markert
• Christoph Blume
• Christoph Konrad
• Christophe Rappold
• Christopher Anson
• Christopher Plumberg
• Chuan Sun
• Chun Shen
• chunjian zhang
• Claudia Ratti
• Cleverson Goulart
• Cristina Terrevoli
• Cvetan Valeriev Cheshkov
• Dag Toppe Larsen
• Daimei Zhou
• Damien Price
• Daniel Cebra
• Daniel Firak
• Daniel Tapia Takaki
• Daniela Ruggiano
• Danish Farooq Meer
• Daria Prokhorova
• David Alvarez-Castillo
• David Blaschke
• David Dobrigkeit Chinellato
• David Silvermyr
• Deba@sish Das
• Debashree Sen
• Debasish Mallick
• Debojit Sarkar
• Debora Mroczek
• Deepa Thomas
• Deeptak Biswas
• Dennis Bollweg
• Dennis Perepelitsa
• Denys Yen Arrebato Villar
• Desmond Mzamo Shangase
• Despina Hatzifotiadou
• Diana Pawłowska
• Dim Idrisov
• Dmitrii Dementev
• Dmytro Oliinychenko
• Domenico Elia
• Dominik Karol Derendarz
• Dr Neeraj Gupta
• Dr. AGAM JHA
• Dukhishyam Mallick
• Dusan Zigic
• Edgar Dominguez Rosas
• Edoardo Franzoso
• Eduardo da Silva
• Ejiro umaka
• EKATA NANDY
• Elena Bratkovskaya
• Elena Volkova
• Elizaveta Nazarova
• Elizaveta Zherebtsova
• Eman Reda
• Emma McLaughlin
• Emma Sophia Chizzali
• Eniko Regos Dr
• Enrico Scomparin
• Eric Hoffman
• Evan Finch
• Everson Rodrigues
• Fabio Catalano
• Fabio Colamaria
• Fabrizio Grosa
• Federico Antinori
• Felix Reidt
• Feng-lei Liu
• Fernando Antonio Flor
• Fernando Gardim
• Flemming Videbaek
• Florian Damas
• Francesca Bellini
• Francesca Ercolessi
• Francesco Mazzaschi
• Francesco Prino
• Frank Geurts
• Frederic Kornas
• Frithjof Karsch
• Fuqiang Wang
• Gabor David
• Gabriele Coci
• Gaoguo Yan
• Garima Punetha
• Genis Musulmanbekov
• George Moschelli
• George Stephans
• Georgijs Skorodumovs
• Georgios Krintiras
• Georgy Kornakov
• Gergely Gabor Barnafoldi
• Gian Michele Innocenti
• Giorgio Torrieri
• Giuliano Giacalone
• Giuseppe Bruno
• Giuseppe Galesi
• Giuseppe Mandaglio
• Glòria Montaña Faiget
• GOLAM SARWAR
• Grazia Luparello
• Grazyna Odyniec
• Grégoire PIHAN
• Guang-You Qin
• Guannan Xie
• Guillaume Falmagne
• Guojun Huang
• Gustavo Conesa Balbastre
• Guy Moore
• Gyorgy Wolf
• Gábor Bíró
• Haesom Sung
• Hai-Tao Shu
• Hanna Zbroszczyk
• Hanpu Jiang
• Hans Rudolf Schmidt
• Haradhan Adhikary
• Harald Appelshaeuser
• Haris Avudaiyappan Murugan
• Hayam Yassin Sayed Hassanien
• He-Xia Zhang
• Helena Santos
• Heng-Tong Ding
• Ho-Ung Yee
• Hua Pei
• Huan Huang
• Hubert HANSEN
• Hui Li
• Hui Liu
• Hui Zhang
• Iasmin Castegnaro
• Ievgenii Petrenko
• Ilia Grishmanovskii
• Ilya Segal
• In-Kwon Yoo
• Ingrid Mckibben Lofnes
• Irfan Siddique
• Isaac Upsal
• Isabel Domínguez
• Ishu Aggarwal
• Isobel Kolbe
• Itzhak Tserruya
• Itzhak Tserruya
• Iurii Karpenko
• Iurii Mitrankov
• Ivonne Maldonado
• J.H. Lee
• Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler
• Jaebeom Park
• Jaehyeok Ryu
• JAJATI K. NAYAK
• James Dunlop
• James nagle
• Jamie Stafford
• Jan Fiete Grosse-Oetringhaus
• Jan Steinheimer
• Jana N. Guenther
• Janos Takatsy
• Janusz Oleniacz
• Jayanta Dey
• Jean-Yves Ollitrault
• Jeremy Wilkinson
• Jia Chen
• Jian Zhou
• Jian-Hua Gao
• Jianhui Zhu
• Jiaxing Zhao
• Jiayin Sun
• Jie Zhao
• Jihye Song
• Jin Huang
• JINFENG LIAO
• Jishnu Goswami
• Joachim Stroth
• Joaquin Grefa
• Joerg Aichelin
• JOHANN RAFELSKI
• Johanna Stachel
• John Nelson
• John William Harris
• Jonatan Adolfsson
• Jonghan Park
• Joshua Leon Konig
• José Carlos Jiménez Apaza
• Juan Torres-Rincon
• Juergen Eschke
• Jun Takahashi
• Jun Yan
• Jurgen Schaffner-Bielich
• Jurgen Schukraft
• Kai Zhou
• Kaifeng Shen
• Kaifeng Shen
• Kaiser Shafi
• Katharina Demmich
• Ke Mi
• Kelvin Julinio Ramos Villalobos
• Kenji Fukushima
• Kenneth Hicks
• Klaus Dehmelt
• Kosuke Okubo
• krishna aryal
• Krista Smith
• Krzysztof Piasecki
• Krzysztof Redlich
• Kshitij Agarwal
• Kyrill Bugaev
• Lakshmi J Naik
• Lang Xu
• Lata Thakur
• Laura Fabbietti
• laura fabbietti
• Laura Tolos
• Laura Šerkšnytė
• Lee Barnby
• Li-Yuan Li
• Lijuan Ruan
• Lingxiao Wang
• Lipei Du
• Lizardo Valencia Palomo
• Luca Micheletti
• Lucia Anna Husova
• Lucia Oliva
• Luciano Musa
• Lucrezia Camilla Migliorin
• Luis Altenkort
• Luis Valenzuela Cazares
• Lukasz Kamil Graczykowski
• Lukáš Chlad
• Magdalena Kuich
• Maha Abdelhakim
• Mahboubeh Shahrbaf M.
• Mahfuzur Rahaman
• MANISHA KUMARI
• Manu Kurian
• Manuel Lorenz
• Marcelo Gameiro Munhoz
• Marco Ruggieri
• Marco van Leeuwen
• Marek Gazdzicki
• Maria Elena Tejeda-Yeomans
• Maria Lucia Sambataro
• Maria Paola Lombardo
• Maria Stefaniak
• Marina Kozhevnikova
• Marvin Kohls
• Masakiyo Kitazawa
• Massimo Mannarelli
• Mateusz Ploskon
• Matt Durham
• Matteo Buzzegoli
• Matthew Nguyen
• Małgorzata Janik
• Md Hasanujjaman
• MD NASIM
• Meenakshi Sharma
• Mehulkumar Shiroya
• Michael Andreas Winn
• Michael Florian Wondrak
• Michael Giles
• Michael Joseph Peters
• Michael Murray
• Michael Strickland
• Michal Szymanski
• Michał Marczenko
• Micheal KAHANGIRWE
• Mihai Petrovici
• Mikhail Mamaev
• Mikhail Tokarev
• Min He
• Ming Xiong Liu
• Minjae Kwon
• Minjung Kim
• Moe Isshiki
• Moe Isshiki
• Molly Taylor
• Mriganka Mouli Mondal
• Mugdha Sarkar
• Murad Sarsour
• NANDINI PATEL
• Nazar Yakovenko
• negin alizadehvandchali
• Neha Shah
• nicholas samios
• Nicole Bastid
• Nicolo Jacazio
• Nihar Ranjan Saha
• Nikita Sukhov
• Nikolas Cruz Camacho
• Nima Zardoshti
• Ning Yu
• Niseem Abdelrahman
• Nitika Sachdeva
• Niveditha Ramasubramanian
• Noah MacKay
• Norbert Herrmann
• Norbert Herrmann
• Nu Xu
• Olaf Kaczmarek
• Oleg Grachov
• Oleg Teryaev
• Oleh Savchuk
• Oleksandr Vitiuk
• Oleksandra Panova
• Olga Soloveva
• Oliver Matonoha
• Oveis Sheibani
• Paolo Giubellino
• Paolo Parotto
• Parada Tobel Paraduan Hutauruk
• Paramita Deb
• Patrick Carzon
• Paula Hillmann
• Pavan _
• Pedro Ladron de Guevara
• Pei Xiang
• Pengfei Zhuang
• Pengqi Yin
• Pengyao Cui
• Percy Cáceres
• Peter Braun-Munzinger
• Peter Christiansen
• Peter Koch-Steinheimer
• Peter Lichard
• Peter Parfenov
• Peter Senger
• Philip Plaschke
• Philipp Munkes
• Pierre-Alain Loizeau
• Pierre-Alain Loizeau
• Pietro Fecchio
• Piotr Bozek
• Pok Man Lo
• Pol Gossiaux
• pornrad srisawad
• Prabhupada Dixit
• Prakhar Garg
• Qian Yang
• Qianqian Du
• Qipeng Hu
• Qiuchan Lu
• Quan Wang
• Qun Wang
• Rachel Nieves
• Rachid Nouicer
• Radoslaw Ryblewski
• Raghunath Sahoo
• Rahmat Rahmat
• Rajeev Singh
• Rajesh Kumar
• Ralf Rapp
• Rameez Ahmad Parra
• Ramona Lea
• Ranjita Mohapatra
• Raphaelle Bailhache
• Raquel Quishpe
• RASHID KHAN
• Rasmus Larsen
• Ravindra Singh
• Rene Bellwied
• Ricardo Aguirre
• Ricardo Farias
• Richard Witt
• Rishi Sharma
• Robert Hambrock
• Roberta Arnaldi
• Rodolfo Rocha
• Rodrigo da Mata
• Rodrigo da Mata Melo da Silva
• Roli Esha
• Rongrong Ma
• Roy Lacey
• Ruben Kara
• Ruo-Qing Ding
• Ruo-Qing Ding
• Sa WANG
• Sabiar Shaikh
• Sabyasachi Ghosh
• Salvatore Plumari
• Samapan Bhadury
• SANCHARI THAKUR
• Sandeep Chatterjee
• Sandra Padula
• Sangyong Jeon
• Santosh Das
• Saraswati Pandey
• Sarthak Satapathy
• Sehban Kartal
• Sergey Polikarpov
• Serguei Petrushanko
• Seung-il Nam
• Seyoung Han
• shabeeb Alalawi
• Shahid Khan
• Shahid Khan
• Shashi Kumar Samdarshi
• Shenghui Zhang
• Shenghui Zhang
• Shengli Huang
• Shi-Yong Chen
• Shile Chen
• Shizheng Yang
• Shreyasi Acharya
• Shu-Qing Li
• Shuai Liu
• Shuai Yang
• Shuang Li
• Shusu Shi
• Shuxiang Ma
• Shuzhe SHI
• Silvia Lucia Correa Angel
• Silvia Masciocchi
• Simon Spies
• Smbat Grigoryan
• Smita Chakraborty
• Somadutta Bhatta
• Somenath Pal
• Sonali Padhan
• Soohwan Lee
• Sooraj Krishnan Radhakrishnan
• Soumya Mohapatra
• SPYRIDON MARGETIS
• Sruthy Jyothi Das
• Stefan Stojku
• Stefano Politano
• Stefano Trogolo
• Steffen A. Bass
• Stephan Ochsenfeld
• Stéphane Delorme
• Su Houng Lee
• Subhash Singha
• Subrata Pal
• SuJeong Ji
• Sungtae Cho
• Sunil Jaiswal
• Sushant Kumar Singh
• Sushanta Tripathy
• Swagato Mukherjee
• Szymon Harabasz
• Szymon Pulawski
• Taesoo Song
• Takafumi Niida
• Takahito Todoroki
• Takao Sakaguchi
• Tamas Biro
• Tao-Yang Cheng
• Tapan Nayak
• Tatsuya Chujo
• Teodor Siemiarczuk
• Tetyana Galatyuk
• Thomas Hemmick
• Thomas Ullrich
• Tianhao Shao
• Todd Mendenhall
• Tom Reichert
• Tomasz Matulewicz
• toru kojo
• Travis Dore
• Tribhuban Parida
• Vadim Kolesnikov
• Valentina Mantovani Sarti
• Valentina Zaccolo
• Valeriya Mykhaylova
• Valery Pugatch
• Vassu Doomra
• Veronica Canoa Roman
• Veronica Dexheimer
• Victor Gonzalez
• Vikash Sumberia
• Viktor Riabov
• Vincenzo Minissale
• Vinh Luong
• Vivek Singh
• Vladimir Vechernin
• Vladislav Borisov
• Volker Koch
• Volodymyr Vovchenko
• Vytautas Vislavicius
• Wei Dai
• Weihu Ma
• Weiyao Ke
• Wenbin Zhao
• William Christie
• Wioleta Rezesa
• Xiang-Yu Wu
• Xiao-Liang Xia
• Xiao-Ming Xu
• Xiaofeng Luo
• Xiaofeng Wang
• Xiaoli Luo
• Xiaolin Wang
• Xiaolong Chen
• Xin Dong
• Xin-Li Sheng
• Xingrui Gou
• Xionghong He
• Xiu-Lei Ren
• Xu-Guang Huang
• Xuan Li
• Yan Huang
• Yanchun Ding
• Yang Li
• Yao Li
• Yasser Corrales Morales
• Yehor Bondar
• Yen-Jie Lee
• Yeonju Go
• Yi Chen
• Yi Yin
• Yi-Hao Pan
• Yifei Zhang
• Yoshini Bailung
• You Zhou
• Young-Min Kim
• Yu Chen
• Yu Guo
• YU HU
• Yu Zhang
• Yu-fei Liu
• Yue Hang Leung
• Yuki Kamiya
• Yuri B. Ivanov
• Yuri Fisyak
• Yvonne Chiara Pachmayer
• Zaida Conesa del Valle
• Zebo Tang
• Zhanduo Tang
• Zhangbu Xu
• Zhaozhong Shi
• Zhen Wang
• Zhen-Yan Lu
• Zhengyu Chen
• Zhenyu Chen
• Zhenyu Ye
• Zhilei She
• Zhiwei DU
• Zhong-Bao Yin
• Zhongling Ji
• Zi-Wei Lin
• Ziyang Li
• Ziyue Wang
• Zoltan Varga
• Zuzana Moravcova
• Monday, May 17
• Experiment Collaboration Overview (I): Plenary 1 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha, https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Convener: Zhangbu Xu (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 1
Opening
• 2
Light flavor and strangeness production and correlations from ALICE
Speaker: Anders Knospe (Lehigh University)
• 3
HADES
Speaker: Simon Spies (Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe Univ. (DE))
• 4
NA61/SHINE
Speaker: Magdalena Kuich (University of Warsaw (PL))
• 5
Updates on flavor production from STAR
Speaker: Sooraj Krishnan Radhakrishnan (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
• Experiment Collaboration Overview (II): Plenary 2 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Convener: Johanna Stachel (Ruprecht Karls Universitaet Heidelberg (DE))
• 6
PHENIX
Speaker: Takahito Todoroki (University of Tsukuba)
• 7
Heavy ion results from LHCb
Speaker: Jiayin Sun (Universita e INFN, Cagliari)
• 8
CMS recent results on strange and heavy-flavour quarks in heavy -ion collisions
Speaker: Michael Murray (The University of Kansas (US))
• 9
ATLAS
Speaker: Dennis Perepelitsa (University of Colorado Boulder)
• 12:45 PM
Coffee/Lunch/Dinner break
• Theory Overview: Plenary 3 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Convener: Berndt Mueller (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 10
Open Heavy-Flavor theory overview
Speaker: Min He (Nanjing University of Science & Technology)
• 11
Heavy flavor and quarkonia from ALICE
Speaker: Andrea Dubla (GSI)
• 12
Recent lattice QCD results on strangeness and phase diagram
Speaker: Jana N. Guenther (University of Wuppertal)
• 13
Recent milestones from STAR: new developments and open questions
Speaker: Rongrong Ma (BNL)
• Tuesday, May 18
• Bulk (Collectivity): Parallel 1 Room A (Zoom)

### Room A

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Niveditha Ramasubramanian https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99346269726
Convener: Flemming Videbaek
• 14
Strange particle collectivity in pPb and PbPb with CMS

We present the elliptic azimuthal anisotropy coefficient ($v_2$) of the identified strange hadrons $K_{S}^{0}$ and $\Lambda$ using the scalar product and multi-particle cumulant methods in pPb collisions at 8.16 TeV and PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV at mid-rapidity (|y|<1). The data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The scalar product and multi-particle $v_2$ values are measured as a function of $p_{T}$ for different centralities in PbPb and event multiplicities in pPb collisions. The $v_2$ results are compared to the inclusive charged hadrons as well as the hydrodynamic model calculations with different initial state conditions. The identified multi-particle $v_2$ in such a small collision system is measured for the first time. The results shed light on the initial state effects of the strange quark in large and small collision systems.

Speaker: Quan Wang (The University of Kansas (US))
• 15
Charm and Bottom quarks dynamics in heavy-ion collisions: $R_{AA}$, anisotropic flows $v_n$ and their correlations to the bulk.

We describe the propagation of heavy quarks (HQs), charm and bottom, in the quark-gluon plasma by means of a full Boltzmann transport approach within a coalescence plus fragmentation hadronization and including event-by-event fluctuations. The non-perturbative dynamics and the interaction between HQs and light quarks have been taken into account through a Quasi-Particle Model (QPM). We show the D-mesons $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$ at RHIC and LHC energies, furthermore we discuss the role of the initial state fluctuations on the development of high-order heavy-flavour flow harmonics ($v_n(p_T)$, $n=3,4$). The results presented include event-shape selected D-mesons spectra and $v_n$, correlations between different D-mesons flow harmonics at LHC energies in different range of centrality selections. The events in centrality class are divided according to magnitude of the second-order harmonic reduced flow vector $q_2$. Within this approach the extracted T-dependence of the space-diffusion coefficient $D_s$ is in a agreement with lattice QCD results within the systematic uncertainties.
In the same scheme we show for the first time predictions for $R_{AA}$, $v_2$ and $v_3$ of B-mesons and electrons from semi-leptonic B-mesons decays at top LHC energies. Our results show a quite significant suppression al low $p_T$ and allow a determination of $D_s$ which is consistent with the lattice QCD calculations. These will provide novel and powerful constraints for heavy-flavour transport coefficients.

[1] S.Plumari, G.Coci, V.Minissale, S.K.Das, Y.Sun and V.Greco, Phys. Lett. B 805 (2020), 135460.

[2] F. Scardina, S. K. Das, V. Minissale, S. Plumari, V. Greco, Phys.Rev. C96 (2017) no.4, 044905.

[3] M.L.Sambataro, S.Plumari and V.Greco, Eur. Phys. J. C 80, no.12, 1140 (2020).

Speaker: Maria Lucia Sambataro (Università degli Studi di Catania)
• 16
Azimuthal anisotropy measurement of multi-strange hadrons in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 27 and 54.4 GeV at STAR

One of the main goals of the STAR experiment is to study the properties of QCD matter at various temperatures and/or baryon densities. With this motivation, the STAR experiment has collected data in the nuclear collisions at centre-of-mass energies ($\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$) = 3.0-200 GeV. The azimuthal anisotropy of multi-strange hadrons plays an important role in characterizing the properties (particularly, the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density $\eta/s$) of the QGP. Moreover, higher-order anisotropic flow coefficients ($v_{3}$, $v_{4}$ etc) are found to be more sensitive to $\eta/s$. Elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of identified hadrons has been extensively measured at top RHIC energy and well as RHIC Beam energy scan program. However, measurement of azimuthal anisotropy of multi-strange hadrons is limited by the statistics at low RHIC energies, especially $v_{3}$ of multi-strange hadrons remains unexplored.

The STAR experiment recorded high statistics data for Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 54.4 GeV (~600 million events) and 27 GeV (∼350 million events). In this talk, we will present new results on the second-order flow coefficient ($v_{2}$) and the third-order flow coefficient ($v_{3}$) of multi-strange hadrons such as $\phi$, $\Xi$, and $\Omega$ measured at midrapidity (|y| <1.0) as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$) and centrality at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 27 and 54.4 GeV. The number of constituent quark scaling will be studied and ratios $v_{2}$/$v_{3}$ will be presented for all these particles. We will show the comparison of the new results with the existing data on other particle species ($\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $K_{S}^{0}$, $\Lambda$) and energies from the Beam Energy Scan phase-I. Finally, the physics implications of these measurements in the context of the evolution of partonic collectivity with collision energy will be discussed. This new high statistics measurements, along with available measurement at 200 GeV, can help to understand the temperature dependence of $\eta/s$.

Speaker: Prabhupada Dixit
• 17
Heavy flavor production and modification in ATLAS

Measurements of open heavy-flavor hadron and heavy-flavor jet production in heavy-ion collisions provide a powerful tool to study both initial-state effects on heavy-quark production and final-state interactions between heavy quarks and the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP).
These measurements are performed with the ATLAS detector at the LHC and capitalize on the large statistics of the Run 2 Pb+Pb dataset.
This talk presents published results on the azimuthal anisotropy ($v_2$ and $v_3$) of muons from heavy-flavor decays in Pb+Pb collisions, as well as new results on the nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) for heavy-flavor muons, both in the region $p_\mathrm{T} > 4$ GeV.
In both measurements, muons from charm and bottom hadrons are statistically separated using the transverse impact parameter with respect to the primary collision vertex.
Muons from both charm and bottom hadrons are found to have significant azimuthal anisotropies in Pb+Pb collisions, with larger anisotropies for muons from charm hadrons than for muons from bottom hadrons.
Muons from both sources are also observed to be strongly suppressed with respect to the $pp$ baseline, in a way that depends on the mass of the parent hadron at low to moderate muon $p_\mathrm{T}$.
The simultaneous measurement of multiple observables ($v_2$, $v_3$, and $R_\mathrm{AA}$) for both charm and bottom with the same detector and technique is particularly crucial in providing constraints on state of the art theoretical predictions.
Additionally, a new measurement of fully reconstructed $b$-jet suppression is presented.
$b$-jets are tagged by the presence of a muon within the jet cone, and are separated from charm jets and light jets based on the $p_\mathrm{T}$ of the muon relative to the jet axis.
This measurement, also performed in 2018 Pb+Pb data, provides a substantial statistical improvement over previous measurements.

Speaker: James Lawrence Nagle (University of Colorado Boulder)
• 18
Deep learning stochastic processes with QCD phase transition

It is non-trivial to recognize phase transitions and track dynamics inside a stochastic process because of itsintrinsic stochasticity. In this paper, we employ the deep learning method to classify the phase orders and predict the damping coefficient of fluctuating systems under Langevin description. As a concrete set-up, we demonstrate this paradigm for the scalar condensation in QCD matter near critical point, in which the order parameter of chiral phase transition can be characterized in a 1+1-dimensional Langevin equation for sigma field. In a supervised learning manner, the Convolutional Neural Networks(CNNs) accurately classify the first-order phase transition and crossover based on sigma field configurations with fluctuations. Noise in the stochastic process does not significantly hinder the performance of the well-trained neural network for phase order recognition. For mixed dynamics with diverse dynamical parameters, we further devise and train the machine to predict the damping coefficients in a broad range. The results show that it is robust to extract the dynamics from the bumpy field configurations.

Speaker: Dr Wang Lingxiao (FIAS)
• Charm Exotics: Parallel 1 Room D (Zoom)

### Room D

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Mriganka Mouli Mondal https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/93238724142
Convener: Christina Markert (University of Texas at Austin (US))
• 19
Quarkonium dynamics inside the Quark-Gluon Plasma using open quantum systems

In recent years, a significant theoretical effort has been made towards a dynamical description of quarkonia inside the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), using the open quantum systems formalism. In this framework, one can get a real-time description of a quantum system (here the quarkonium) in interaction with a thermal bath (the QGP) by integrating out the bath degrees of freedom and studying the system reduced density matrix.

We investigate the real-time dynamics of a correlated heavy quark-antiquark pair inside the QGP using a quantum master equation previously derived from first QCD principles in [1]. The full equation is directly resolved in 1D to lessen computing costs and is used for the first time to gain insight on the dynamics in both a static and evolving medium following a Björken-like temperature evolution. The role of color degrees of freedom will be studied by comparing the case of a QED and QCD plasma. Several parametrizations will be explored, by modifying the initial state (color state of the pair, initial excited state...) or the complex potential used.

[1]-J. P. Blaizot and M. A. Escobedo, Quantum and classical dynamics of heavy quarks in a quark-gluon plasma, J. High Energy Phys. 06 (2018) 034.

Speaker: Stéphane Delorme (Subatech)
• 20
Heavy quark transport in a magnetized quark-gluon plasma

Heavy quarks (HQs) are mostly created in the very initial stages of the relativistic heavy-ion collisions and are identified as effective probes to study the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP). It is believed that an intense magnetic field has been created in the early stages of non-central collisions. The interactions of the heavy quarks with the magnetized medium particles are embedded through the transport coefficients of the heavy quark. The drag and the momentum diffusion coefficients of the HQ in a strongly magnetized QGP are determined within the framework of Fokker-Planck dynamics while incorporating the thermal medium interactions through a quasiparticle model. The medium effects and the magnetic field are seen to have sizable effects on the temperature behaviour of the heavy quark transport coefficients in the magnetized medium. Further, the analysis has been extended to an expanding medium. The dependence of viscous effects has been explored in the heavy quark transport in the magnetized medium. The anisotropic transport coefficients of the heavy quark may have a visible impact on the measured observables associated with heavy quarks, such as flow coefficients and the nuclear suppression factor in the heavy-ion collisions at the RHIC and LHC.

Speaker: Dr Manu Kurian (Indian Institute of Technology, Ganghinagar)
• 21
Evidence for X(3872) Production in PbPb collisions and studies of its prompt production with CMS

The first evidence for X(3872) production in relativistic heavy ion collisions is reported. The X(3872) hadron is studied in PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV per nucleon pair, using the decay chain $X(3872)\rightarrow J/\psi\pi\pi\rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ decay chain. The data were recorded with the CMS detector in 2018 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.7/nb. The measurement is performed in the rapidity and transverse momentum ranges |y|<1.6 and 15< pT < 50 GeV. The significance of the inclusive X(3872) signal is 4.2 standard deviations. The prompt X(3872) to psi(2S) yield ratio is found to be $\rho^{PbPb}= 1.08\pm 0.49(stat)\pm 0.52(syst)$, in contrast to typical values of 0.1 for pp collisions. This result provides a unique experimental input to theoretical models of the production mechanism and the nature of the X(3872) state. Future plan to exploit the Run 3 data is also presented in this talk.

Speaker: Yen-Jie Lee (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (US))
• 22
Deciphering the nature of X(3872) in heavy ion collisions

Exploring the nature of exotic multiquark candidates such as the X(3872) plays a pivotal role in understanding quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Despite significant efforts, consensus on their internal structures is still lacking. As a prime example, it remains a pressing open question to decipher the X(3872) state between two popular exotic configurations: a loose hadronic molecule or a compact tetraquark. We demonstrate a novel approach to help address this problem by studying the X(3872) production in heavy ion collisions, where a hot fireball with ample light as well as charm (anti-)quarks is available for producing the exotics. Adopting a multiphase transport model (AMPT) for describing such collisions and implementing appropriate production mechanism of either molecule or tetraquark picture, we compute and compare a series of observables for X(3872) in Pb-Pb collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. We find the fireball volume plays a crucial role, leading to a 2-order-of-magnitude difference in the X(3872) yield and a markedly different centrality dependence between hadronic molecules and compact tetraquarks, thus offering a unique opportunity for distinguishing the two scenarios. We also make the first prediction of X(3872) elliptic flow coefficient to be tested by future experimental measurements.

Speaker: Dr Hui Zhang (Institute of Quantum Matter, South China Normal University)
• 23
The multiple-charm hierarchy in the Statistical Hadronization Model

In relativistic nuclear collisions the production of hadrons with light (u,d,s) quarks is quantitatively described in the framework of the Statistical Hadronization Model (SHM). Since charm quarks are dominantly produced in initial hard collisions but interact strongly in the hot fireball, charmed hadrons can be incorporated into the SHM by treating charm quarks as 'impurities' with thermal distributions, with the total charm content of the fireball fixed by the measured open charm cross section. We demonstrate that this way the measured multiplicities of single charm hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies can be well described with the same thermal parameters as for (u,d,s) hadrons. Furthermore, transverse momentum distributions are computed in a hydrodynamic approach also incorporating resonance decays. The approach is extended to lighter collision systems down to O-O and includes doubly- and triply-charmed hadrons. We show predictions for production probabilities of such states exhibiting a characteristic and rather spectacular enhancement hierarchy.

Speaker: Dr Vytautas Vislavicius (University of Copenhagen (DK))
• Open and New (Electromagnetic): Parallel 1 Room C (Zoom)

### Room C

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99045792821
Convener: Gabor David (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
• 24
Low-mass dielectron measurements with ALICE at the LHC

Dileptons and photons are unique tools to study the space–time evolution of the hot and dense matter created in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. They are produced continuously by a variety of processes, in particular prompt and thermal photons and semi-leptonic heavy-flavour hadron decays, during the entire history of the collision and traverse the medium with negligible final state interaction. So they can carry undistorted information on early stages of the collision. In this contribution, we will present results from the recent measurements of $e^{+}e^{−}$ pair production in pp and p–Pb collisions at the center-of-mass energy √s$_{NN}$= 5.02 TeV. Charm and beauty cross sections are extracted to investigate possible cold nuclear matter effects such as shadowing by comparing estimates of the nuclear modification factor $R_{pPb}$ obtained with different sets of nuclear parton distribution functions. Furthermore, our results on dielectrons at low $p_{T,ee}$ in pp collisions at √s= 13 TeV and in Pb–Pb collisions at √s$_{NN}$= 5.02 TeV will be presented and compared to expectations from calculations including Bremsstrahlung (for pp collisions) and photoproduction (for Pb–Pb collisions).

Speaker: Raphaelle Bailhache (Goethe University Frankfurt (DE))
• 25
Low-$p_{\rm{T}}$ $\mu^{+}\mu^{−}$ pair production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV at STAR

Recently, significant enhancements of $e^{+}e^{−}$ pairs at very low transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$) were observed by the STAR collaboration in peripheral Au+Au collisions. The excess can be explained by photon-photon interactions induced by the extremely strong electromagnetic field produced by the fast moving heavy ions. While such photon-photon interactions were traditionally studied in ultra-peripheral collisions without any nuclear overlaps, they could provide a novel probe to the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) created in peripheral collisions since the very-low-$p_{\rm{T}}$ dileptons are produced in the early stage of the collisions. Furthermore, the photon-photon interactions could be used to probe the possible existence of strong magnetic field trapped in a conducting QGP medium. Measurements of $\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ pairs provide a complementary channel to investigate these phenomena.

In 2014 and 2016, the STAR experiment at RHIC recorded large samples of Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV. In this talk, we will present new mea- surements of invariant mass and yield distributions for $\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ pair production at $p_{\rm{T}}<$ 0.15 GeV/c. The $p_{\rm{T}}^{2}$ distribution of the excess yields will also be shown. Physics implications will be discussed together with model comparisons.

Speaker: Jian Zhou (USTC)
• 26
Quarks and Antiquarks interacting in Electrodynamical Interactions

Quarks and antiquarks carry electric charges and can interact in
quantum electrodynamcal (QED) interactions. There appear no laws that
forbid quarks and antiquarks to interact in QED interactions alone.
Permitted on the basis of Gell-Mann's Totalitarian Principle that what
is not forbidden is allowed and motivated by observations of low-mass
anomalous particles in [1,2,3], we study the consequences of quarks
and antiquarks in QED interactions alone [4,5,6]. We find that as the
electrodynamical interactions between quarks and antiquarks with
opposite signs of electric charges are attractive and quarks cannot be
isolated, there can be stable composite light-quark states of neutral
QED mesons and the QED neutron in the mass region of many tens of MeV
[4,5,6]. Recent observations of the anomalous soft photons [1], the
X17 particle [2], and the E38 particle [3] in the low-mass region
provide positive experimental supports for the existence of some of
the QED composite states. These anomalous particles may be produced
during the deconfinement-to-cofinement phase transition of the
quark-gluon plasma phase transition and may be used a signature for
the quark-gluon plasma. The search for these states in high-energy
heavy-ion collisions and the relevance of the QED neutron as a dark
matter candidate particle will be examined and discussed.

[1] J. Abdallah $et~al.$ (DELPHI Collaboration),{Study of the
dependence of direct soft photon production on the jet
characteristics in hadronic Z0 decays}, Eur.Phys.J. C67, 343
(2010), [arXiv:1004.1587].
[2] A. J. Krasznahorkay $et~al.$, {Observation of anomalous
internal pair creation in 8Be: a possible indication of a
light, neutral boson}, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 042501 (2016),
[arXiv:1504.01527].
[3] K. Abraamyan, et.al, {Check of the structure in photon pairs
spectra at the invariant mass of about 38 MeV}, EPJ Web of
Conferences 204, 08004 (2019).
[4] C. Y. Wong, {Anomalous soft photons in hadron production},
Phys. Rev. C81, 064903 (2010), [arXiv:1001.1691].
[5] C. Y. Wong, {Open string QED meson description of the X17
particle and dark matter}, JHEP 08 (2020) 165, [arxiv:2001.04864].
[6] C. Y. Wong, {On the stability of the open-string QED neutron
and dark matter}, [arxiv:2010.13948].

Speaker: Cheuk-Yin Wong
• 27
In-medium effects in strangeness production in heavy-ion collisions at (sub-)threshold energies

We study the in-medium effects in strangeness production
in heavy-ion collisions at (sub-)-threshold energies of 1 - 2 A GeV based on
the microscopic Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics (PHSD) transport approach.
The in-medium modifications of the antikaon $(\bar K = K^-, \bar K^0)$ properties
are described via the self-consistent coupled-channel unitarized scheme
based on a SU(3) chiral Lagrangian which incorporates explicitly the $s-$ and
$p-$ waves of the kaon-nucleon interaction. This scheme provides the antikaon
potential, spectral functions and reaction cross sections as well as their dependence on baryon density, temperature and antikaon momentum in the nuclear medium, which are incorporated in the off-shell dynamics of the PHSD.
The in-medium modification of kaons $(K = K^+, K^0)$ are accounted via
the kaon-nuclear potential, which is assumed to be proportional to the local baryon density. The manifestation of the medium effects in observables is investigated for the $K$ and ${\bar K}$ rapidity distributions, $p_T$-spectra as well as the polar and azimuthal angular distributions, directed ($v_1$) and elliptic ($v_2$) flow in C+C, Ni+Ni, and Au+Au collisions.

We find - by comparison to experimental data from the KaoS, FOPI and HADES
Collaborations - that the modifications of (anti)kaon properties
in nuclear matter are necessary to explain the data in a consistent manner. Moreover, we demonstrate the sensitivity of kaon observables to the equation-of-state of nuclear matter.

Speaker: Taesoo Song (GSI)
• 28
$K_1/K^*$ enhancement as a signature of chiral symmetry restoration in heavy ion collisions

Based on the fact that the mass difference between the chiral partners is an
order parameter of chiral phase transition and that the chiral order parameter
reduces substantially at the chemical freeze-out point in ultra-relativistic
heavy ion collisions, we argue that the production ratio of $K_1$ over $K^*$ in
such collisions should be substantially larger than that predicted in the
statistical hadronization model. We further show that while the enhancement
effect might be contaminated by the relatively larger decrease of $K_1$ meson
than $K^*$ meson during the hadronic phase, the signal will be visible through
a systematic study on centrality as the kinetic freeze-out temperature is
higher and the hadronic life time shorter in peripheral collisions than in
central collisions.

Speaker: Haesom Sung (Yonsei University)
• Strangeness (Yields): Parallel 1 Room B (Zoom)

### Room B

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Klaus Dehmelt https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/98548694974
Convener: Boris Hippolyte (IPHC / USIAS (Strasbourg, FR))
• 29
Production of pions, kaons, (anti-) protons and (multi-) strange hadrons production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 54.4 GeV using the STAR detector

Exploring the QCD phase diagram and searching for the QCD critical point are some of the main goals of heavy-ion collision experiments. The yields of identified hadrons and (multi-) strange hadrons provide information about the phase diagram and particle production in these collisions. In 2017 the STAR experiment collected large dataset of Au+Au collisions at 54.4 GeV.

The production of identified hadrons ($\pi^{\pm}$ , $K^{\pm}$, $p$, $\bar{p}$) and strange hadrons ($K_{S}^{0}$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$, $\Omega$, $\phi$) at mid-rapidity is presented. The results for the transverse momentum spectra, particle yields dN/dy, average transverse momentum ⟨$p_{\rm{T}}$⟩ and particle ratios are presented for different centrality classes. The energy dependence of all these observables will be discussed. The freeze-out conditions in these collisions are obtained using the statistical thermal model. In particular, the strange-to-pion ratios versus charged hadron multiplicity are studied and will be compared to the measurements in heavy-ion collisions at other energies from the BES-I program at RHIC and the ALICE experiment at the LHC.

Speaker: Yan Huang
• 30
Studying light-flavour hadrons produced in the collisions of different nuclei at the LHC with ALICE

The study of identified particle production as a function of event multiplicity is a key tool for understanding the similarities and differences among different colliding systems. The multiplicity dependence of particle production has been previously studied as a function of center-of-mass energy in pp and Pb-Pb collisions. Now for the first time, we can investigate how particle production is affected by the collision geometry in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC.

In this talk, we report newly published ALICE results on charged and identified particle production in Pb-Pb and Xe-Xe collision at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV and $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.44 TeV, respectively, as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) and collision centrality. Particle spectra and ratios are compared between two different colliding systems at similar charged-particle multiplicity densities (⟨d𝑁ch/d𝜂⟩), and different initial eccentricities. We find that in central collisions, spectral shapes of different particles are driven by their masses. The $p_{\rm T}$-integrated particle yield ratios follow the same trends with ⟨d𝑁ch/d𝜂⟩ as previously observed in other systems, further suggesting that at the LHC energies, event hadrochemistry is dominantly driven by the charged-particle multiplicity density and not the collision system, geometry, or center-of-mass energy. Finally, results are discussed in the context of statistical hadronization models as well as pQCD-inspired models.

Speaker: Nicolo Jacazio (CERN)
• 31
Multi-strange hadron production in p+p interactions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=17.3 GeV

The production of multi-strange hadrons in proton-proton interactions is recently studied with the NA61/SHINE experiment at the SPS. These particles are reconstructed via their weak decay topologies, exploiting the tracking and particle identification capabilities of NA61/SHINE. New measurements of rapidity and transverse momentum spectra of $\Xi^{-}$, $\Omega^{-}$ baryons, and $\Xi$ resonances and their antiparticles will be presented. The recent results are compared to those observed in A+A collisions as well as to model predictions.

Speaker: Szymon Pulawski (University of Silesia (PL))
• 32
Investigating the origin of strangeness enhancement in small systems through multi-differential analyses with ALICE

The main goal of the ALICE experiment is to study the physics of strongly interacting matter, including the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP).The relative production of strange hadrons with respect to non-strange hadrons in heavy-ion collisions was historically considered as one of the signatures of QGP formation. However, recent measurements in proton-proton (pp) and proton-lead (p- Pb) collisions have shown features that are reminiscent of those observed in lead-lead (Pb-Pb) collisions, measuring an increase in the production of strange hadrons relative to pions with the charged particle multiplicity in the event. In this work we present midrapidity measurements of the transverse momentum spectra and yields of strange hadrons K$^0_S$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$ and $\Omega$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 5, 7, and 13 TeV. In order to better understand the contribution of the event multiplicity to the observed enhancement in pp, two new complementary analyses have been performed. The first uses the concept of the effective energy available in the event for particle production which is estimated by an anticorrelation with the energy deposited in ALICE’s Zero Degree Calorimeters. The second exploits the angular correlation between strange and high-$p_{\rm T}$ hadrons in an event to classify in-jet and out-of-jet strangeness production. This gives a local enhancement in the multiplicity. The $\Xi$-yield is separated into correlated and underlying-event parts, with the ratios to neutral kaons then being calculated and compared to those from the event ensemble.The results indicate that strangeness enhancement emerges from the growth of the underlying event and is not connected to initial state properties. Comparisons between data and expectations from commonly used Monte Carlo event generators will also be presented.

Speaker: Francesca Ercolessi (Universita e INFN, Bologna (IT))
• 33
Hadron production within a full transport approach with statistical hadronization mechanism at RHIC and LHC energies

We present for the first time results on final hadron production, with and without strangeness content, in Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC and LHC center of mass energies obtained combining a full 3+1D relativistic Boltzmann transport approach with a statistical hadronization mechanism. The non-perturbative interaction between quarks and gluons is described by means of a quasi-particle approach that permits to have an Equation of State close to lattice QCD. The resulting framework naturally includes both shear and bulk viscous effects. The 3+1D full transport evolution is converted to hadrons by mean of a realistic freeze-out hypersurface considering all known hadron resonances and by performing resonance decays. In this talk we present results on charged-hadron multiplicity, identified-particle spectra, identified-particle average transverse momentum and identified-particle elliptic flow produced at RHIC and LHC energies for different centralities. We focus on $\pi$, $K$, $p$, $\Lambda$ and $\Phi$ and their related baryon over meson ratios, from which we obtain further constrain on $\eta/s$ of QGP. In the same transport framework we study the existence of far-fromequilibrium attractor in the momenta of the distribution function. We show that the resulting far-fromequilibrium evolution is insensitive to different initial conditions: the initial momentum-space anisotropy and initial occupancy. Finally we investigate the possible existence of attractors in the anisotropic flow coefficient.

[1] G. Galesi, S. Plumari, V. Greco in preparation

Speaker: Giuseppe Galesi (INFN - National Institute for Nuclear Physics)
• Bulk (Fluctuation): Parallel 2 Room A (Zoom)

### Room A

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Niveditha Ramasubramanian https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99346269726
Convener: Maria Paola Lombardo (INFN)
• 34
Net-particle number fluctuations in a hydrodynamic description of heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC

We generalize the Cooper-Frye particlization routine to make it suitable for describing event-by-event fluctuations in heavy-ion collisions. This is achieved via a newly developed subensemble method, allowing to incorporate the effects of exact global conservation of multiple charges, thermal smearing, and resonance decays on fluctuations of various particle numbers. Utilizing viscous hydrodynamic simulations of heavy-ion collisions, we study the behavior of cumulants of net-proton, net-Lambda, net-pion and net-kaon distributions at RHIC and LHC energies. The experimental data on net-proton cumulants at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} > 20$ GeV are consistent with simultaneous effects of global baryon conservation and repulsive interactions in baryon sector, the latter being in line with the behavior of baryon number susceptibilities observed in lattice QCD. The data at lower collision energies show possible indications for sizable attractive interactions among baryons.

Speaker: Dr Volodymyr Vovchenko (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
• 35
Higher-Order Cumulants of Net-Proton Multiplicity Distributions from RHIC-STAR

In the study of QCD phase structure and search of the QCD phase boundary and critical point, higher-order cumulants of conserved quantities are proposed as promising observables and have been studied extensively both experimentally and theoretically. For $4^{th}$-order cumulants it is predicted that there will be a non-monotonic energy dependence trend. For $5^{th}$- and $6^{th}$-order cumulants results from Lattice calculations suggest that they are connected to the smooth crossover transition at $\mu_{B}$ = 0. At high baryon density region, on the other hand, the higher-order cumulants are also sensitive to the first-order phase boundary.

In this talk, we will present net-proton cumulants up to $6^{th}$-order in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 7.7 - 200 from STAR Beam Energy Scan phase I and $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV p+p collisions. Analysis update on STAR fixed target energy $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV will also be shown. Physics implication as well as comparisons with various models will be discussed.

Speaker: Mr Yu Zhang (Central China Normal University)
• 36
Conserved charge fluctuations at vanishing net-baryon density from Lattice QCD

Cumulants of net charge fluctuations and their correlations at vanishing
values of the conserved charge chemical potentials ($\mu_{B,Q,S}=0$)
provide the basis for Taylor expansions of various thermodynamic observables
at non-zero values of the chemical potentials. At $\mu_{B,Q,S}=0$ continuum
extrapolated results for these cumulants can directly be compared
with charge fluctuations and correlations currently being measured by the
ALICE collaboration at the LHC.

We present here continuum extrapolated results for all second order
cumulants of net baryon-number, strangeness and electric charge
fluctuations as well as their cross-correlations using the most
resent results obtained by the HotQCD collaboration in (2+1)-flavor QCD.
From this we obtain their temperature derivatives and determine inflection
points which are absent in hadron resonance gas (HRG) model calculations
using a spectrum of point-like, non-interacting resonances. We present a
detailed comparisons of our results with such HRG models based on different
sets of hadron spectra as well as with S-matrix based model calculations.
We update results on model parameters for three body and higher order
S-matrix contributions to the correlation of net baryon-number and electric
charge fluctuations that have been used to explain the so-called proton anomaly
observed by ALICE at the LHC.

We furthermore compare our lattice QCD results for second order cumulants with
models that parametrize repulsive interactions among baryons and anti-baryons
in a hadron resonance gas through a single excluded volume parameter (EVHRG).
We point out that such an approach is not sufficient to describe all second
order cumulants simultaneously. At least independent excluded volume parameter
for strange and non-strange baryons would be needed already for the description of second order cumulants.

Speaker: Jishnu Goswami (Bielefeld University)
• 37
Coupled baryon, electric charge and strangeness fluctuations in heavy-ion collisions

Fluctuation observables in heavy-ion collisions probe the constituents, the chemical freeze-out and the transport properties of strongly interacting matter, and signal phase transitions. We present results for second order fluctuations of the conserved charges in QCD from a stochastic diffusion model in a Bjorken-type expansion background. The impact of the cross couplings between the three different currents is included and phenomenological consequences for experimental observables which affect the determination of the freeze-out curve and the search for the QCD critical point are discussed.

Speaker: Grégoire PIHAN (CNRS)
• 38
Off-of-equilibrium effects on Kurtosis Along Strangeness-Neutral Trajectories

The Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider)
is searching for the QCD critical point or a first order phase transition. The main signal for the
critical point is the kurtosis of the distribution of proton yields obtained on an event by
event basis where one expects a peak at the critical point. However, its exact behavior is
still an open question due to out-of-equilibrium effects and the current limitations of the equation of state at large densities. Here we
use a simplistic hydrodynamic model that enforces strangeness-neutrality, selecting on
trajectories that pass close to the critical point. We vary the initial conditions (in terms of how far-from-equilibrium they begin)
in order to estimate the effect of out-of-equilibrium hydrodynamics on the kurtosis signal.

Speaker: Travis Dore (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
• Open and New (Correlations): Parallel 2 Room C (Zoom)

### Room C

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99045792821
Convener: Yen-Jie Lee (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (US))
• 39
Indications for a non-monotonic pattern in the $(T, \mu_{B})$-dependence of the specific viscosity

We present Azimuthal Anisotropy Scaling Functions for identified particle species spanning beam energies from RHIC to the LHC. The scaling functions, which clarify the respective influence of initial-state eccentricity, expansion dynamics, and the transport coefficients, indicate characteristic signatures for the transport coefficient's dependencies on the temperature ($T$) and the baryon ($\mu_{B}$), strangeness ($\mu_{S}$), and isospin ($\mu_{I}$) chemical potentials. The extracted scaling coefficients indicate non-monotonic dependencies of the transport coefficients $\eta/s$ and $\hat{q}$ on $(T, \mu_{B})$, linked to the critical endpoint in the phase diagram for nuclear matter.

Speaker: Roy Lacey (Stony Brook University)
• 40
Quarkonia excited state suppression in pp and p-Pb with ALICE

Quarkonium production in small systems has been the subject of many theoretical and experimental studies. In proton-nucleus (p-A) collisions, their production is sensitive to cold nuclear matter effects such as nuclear modification of parton densities, parton energy loss via initial-state radiation and transverse momentum broadening due to multiple soft collisions. Furthermore, high-multiplicity proton-proton (pp) and p–A collisions have shown features reminiscent of those observed in heavy-ion collisions. Thus, quarkonium production as a function of event multiplicity can bring new insights on processes at the parton level and on the interplay between the hard and soft mechanisms in particle production. In particular, the role of Multiple Parton Interactions (MPI) which are expected to be relevant for the production of heavy quarks at the LHC energies, can be investigated. In this contribution the multiplicity dependence of self normalized yields measured in pp collisions at √s = 13 TeV and √s = 5 TeV will be presented for several quarkonium states, namely inclusive J/$\psi$ at midrapidity as well as the corresponding results for J/$\psi$, $\psi$(2S), ϒ(1S) and ϒ(2S) at forward rapidity. The nuclear modification factor ($R_{\rm{pPb}}$) for J/$\psi$, $\psi$(2S), ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S) and ϒ(3S), measured in p-Pb collisions at √s$_{\rm NN}$ = 8.16 TeV in forward and backward rapidities will also be presented, including the centrality dependence of J/$\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) and the new results of the excited to ground state ratio for both charmonium and bottomonium. Furthermore, the $R_{\rm{pPb}}$ results at midrapidity will be shown at √$s_{\rm NN}$ = 5 TeV for both prompt and non-prompt J/$\psi$, the latter originating from the decay of beauty hadrons. The results are compared with several model calculations and the possible interpretation of the results will be discussed.

Speaker: Yanchun Ding (Central China Normal University CCNU (CN))
• 41
Building a testable shear viscosity across the QCD phase diagram

Current experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are probing
finite baryon densities where the shear viscosity to enthalpy ratio $\eta T/w$
of the Quark Gluon Plasma remains unknown. We use the Hadron Resonance Gas
(HRG) model with the most up-to-date hadron list to calculate $\eta T/w$ at low
temperatures and at finite baryon densities $\rho_B$. We then match $\eta T/w$
to a QCD-based shear viscosity calculation within the deconfined phase to
create a table across $\left\{T,\mu_B\right\}$ for different cross-over and
critical point scenarios at a specified location [1]. We find that these new $\eta T/w(T,\mu_B)$ values would require initial conditions at significantly larger
$\rho_B$, compared to ideal hydrodynamic trajectories, in order to reach the
same freeze-out point.
[1] E. McLaughlin, J. Rose, T. Dore, P. Parotto, C. Ratti, and J. Noronha-Hostler, arXiv:2103.02090

Speaker: Emma McLaughlin (Columbia University)
• 42
Hydrodynamic description of D meson production in high-energy heavy-ion collisions

The large values and the constituent-quark-number (NCQ) scaling of the elliptic flow of low-$p_T$ $D$ mesons imply that charm quarks, initially produced through hard processes, might be partially thermalized through the strong interactions with the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.
To quantify the degree of thermalization of low-$p_T$ charm quarks, we compare the $D^0$ meson spectra and elliptic flow from a hydrodynamic model to the experimental data as well as transport model simulations.
We use an effective charm chemical potential at the freeze-out temperature to account for the initial charm quark production from hard processes and assume that they are thermalized in local comoving frame of the medium before freeze-out.
$D^0$ mesons are sampled statistically from the freeze-out hyper-surface of the expanding QGP as described by the event-by-event (3+1)D viscous hydrodynamic model CLVisc.
Both hydrodynamic and transport model can describe the elliptic flow of $D^0$ mesons at $p_T<3$ GeV/$c$ as measured in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV.
Though the experimental data on $D^0$ spectra are consistent with the hydrodynamic result at small $p_T\sim 1$ GeV/$c$, they deviate from the hydrodynamic model at high transverse momentum $p_T>2$ GeV/$c$.
The diffusion and parton energy loss mechanisms in the transport model can describe the measured spectra reasonably well within the theoretical uncertainty.
Our comparative study indicates that charm quarks only approach to local thermal equilibrium at small $p_T$ even though they acquire sizable elliptic flow that is comparable to light-quark hadrons at both small and intermediate $p_T$.

Speaker: Chi Ding (Central China Normal University)
• 43
Study of kaon-proton interactions with ALICE at the LHC

The precise knowledge of the strong interaction between kaons and nucleons is a key element needed for the chiral effective theories that describe the interaction between hadrons in the non–pertubative regime of QCD. Additionally, the knowledge of the interaction plays an important role in the study of the equation of state of dense baryonic matter, and hence has important implications for the modeling of neutron stars.

The first femtoscopy measurement of momentum correlations of K$^−$p ⊕ K$^+$p and K$^+$p ⊕ K$^−$p pairs in Pb–Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV and of K$^0_{\rm S}$p and K$^0_{\rm S}$p pairs in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV using the ALICE detector will be presented. In this study the scattering parameters of Kp pairs associated with strong final state interactions as well as the source radii of the kaon-proton pairs using the Lednický-Lyuboshitz model have been determined.

The pair source size for pp collisions is of the order of 1 fm whereas for Pb–Pb is between 5 and 9 fm for the head-on collisions. This has a direct influence on the form of the observed correlation functions and allows to carry out for the first time a distance-dependent study of the kaon-nucleon interaction. The interaction parameters obtained for the K$^−$p ⊕ K$^+$p are compared to those extracted from scattering and kaonic atom experiments and are found to be compatible within the uncertainties of the experiment. The interaction of neutral kaons with protons is studied by comparing the measured correlation to state-of-the-art theoretical calculations.

Speaker: Georgy Kornakov (Warsaw University of Technology (PL))
• Strangeness (Freeze-out): Parallel 2 Room B (Zoom)

### Room B

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Klaus Dehmelt https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/98548694974
Convener: Grazyna Odyniec (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (US))
• 44
Elliptic flow for 𝝋-mesons measured by PHENIX

The systematic study of hadronic elliptic flow in various relativistic heavy ion collisions is important for the investigation of the initial geometry influence on the quark gluon plasma characteristics. The 𝝋-meson consists of strange and antistrange quarks and has a small interaction cross section with non-strange hadrons. Therefore, 𝝋-mesons are barely affected by late hadronic stage and reflect detailed information about hot and dense matter properties. Additionally, the comparison of elliptic flow for 𝝋-mesons to those of charged hadrons will provide additional research of the flow flavor dependence. PHENIX has measured second order azimuthal anisotropy coefficients for 𝝋-mesons in Cu+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV and in U+U collisions at √sNN = 193 GeV at midrapidity (|y|<0.35). The obtained data suggest scaling of elliptic flow for 𝝋-mesons with eccentricity of participant nucleons in Cu+Au, U+U, and Au+Au collisions. For a more detailed study, the comparison of current results to azimuthal anisotropy for charged hadrons and to hydrodynamic and transport model predictions will be presented.

Speaker: Mr Iurii Mitrankov (Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU))
• 45
Thermal-model-based characterization of heavy-ion-collision systems at chemical freeze-out

We investigate the chemical freeze-out in heavy-ion collisions (HICs) and the impact of the hadronic spectrum on thermal model analyses [1, 2]. Detailed knowledge of the hadronic spectrum is still an open question, which has phenomenological consequences on the study of HICs. By varying the number of resonances included in Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) Model calculations, we can shed light on which particles may be produced. Furthermore, we study the influence of the number of states on the so-called two flavor freeze-out scenario, in which strange and light particles can freeze-out separately. We consider results for the chemical freeze-out parameters obtained from thermal model fits and from calculating net-particle fluctuations. We will show the effect of using one global temperature to fit all particles and alternatively, allowing particles with and without strange quarks to freeze-out separately.

[1] P. Alba et al. Phys.Rev.C 101 054905 (2020)
[2] R. Bellwied et al. Phys.Rev.C 99 034912 (2019)

Speaker: Jamie Stafford (University of Houston)
• 46
Early Strangeness freeze-out from RHIC BES to LHC

In this talk, we investigate the kinetic freeze-out properties in relativistic heavy ion collisions at different collision energies. We present a study of standard Boltzmann-Gibbs Blast-Wave (BGBW) fits and Tsallis Blast-Wave (TBW) fits performed on the transverse momentum spectra of identified hadrons produced in Au + Au collisions at collision energies of $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}=$ 7.7 - 200~GeV at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), and in Pb + Pb collisions at collision energies of $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}=$ 2.76 and 5.02~TeV at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The behavior of strange and multi-strange particles is also investigated. We found that in TBW fits, the strange hadrons, with higher temperature,similar radial flow and smaller non-equilibrium degree, approach equilibrium more quickly from peripheral to central collisions than light hadrons. We also observed that in TBW fits for non-strange particles the kinetic freeze-out temperature of the central collisions decreases from RHIC to LHC energies in TBW model, while strangeness does not show this behavior.

Speaker: Jia Chen
• 47
Thermal model description of the particle spectra in the few-GeV energy regime.

It has been demonstrated that Statistical Hadronization Model fits perfectly to particle yields at freeze-out in heavy-ion and hadron collisions at LHC, RHIC and SPS, where quark-gluon plasma is created. It is however entirely not clear if particles emitted in the few-GeV energy regime can be understood as emerging from thermalized hadronic medium. A recent work [1] suggests that this might be the case. By implementing appropriate fireball geometry and expansion pattern in the THERMINATOR (THERMal heavy IoN generaTOR) it was possible to describe not only yields, but also the spectra of most abundant particles measured at GSI SIS18. Most of the latter are pure prediction of the model.

In this contribution, details of the model and extended comparison with experimental data will be presented and further developments will be discussed.

References:
[1] S. Harabasz, W. Florkowski, T. Galatyuk et al., Phys.Rev.C 102 (2020) 5, 054903

Speaker: Szymon Harabasz
• 48
Light and strange hadron production and anisotropic flow measurement in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV from STAR

Particle production and anisotropic flow measurements have been used to investigate the properties of the QCD matter produced in heavy ion collisions.The RHIC Beam Energy Scan program covers a wide range of energies, including the transition from a partonic dominated area to hadronic dominated area. Of particular interest is the high baryon density region which is accessible through production and collective flow measurements of particles including strange hadrons (kaons, $\phi$, $\Lambda$ etc) in the STAR fixed-target program.

In this talk, we will report on our first measurements of identified particle ($\pi$, $K$, $p$, $K_{s}^{0}$, $\Lambda$, $\phi$) production and anisotropic flow ($v_{1}$, $v_{2}$) in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV. The data were taken in 2018 by the STAR experiment with the fixed target configuration. After correcting for the detector acceptance and tracking efficiencies, invariant yields and rapidity density distributions of $\pi$, $K$ and $\phi$-mesons as well as the directed/elliptic flow of $\pi$, $K$, $p$, $K_{s}^{0}$, $\Lambda$, $\phi$ will be presented. The charged particle ($\pi$, $K$) production is analyzed with a thermal model to study the temperature and potential at chemical freeze-out. The $\phi$-meson production is compared to the thermal and transport model calculations to study the strangeness production, and particularly to test and constrain canonical ensemble calculations. In addition, the transverse momentum ($p_{\rm{T}}$), rapidity ($y$) and energy ($\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$) dependence of the $v_{1}$ and $v_{2}$ will be presented and compared to the UrQMD calculations. These results imply that the matter produced in the 3 GeV Au+Au collisions is considerably different from those at higher energies.

Speaker: Guannan Xie (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
• Upgrades and New Experiments: Parallel 2 Room D (Zoom)

### Room D

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Mriganka Mouli Mondal https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/93238724142
Convener: Thomas Hemmick (Stony Brook University)
• 49
Charm and multi-charm baryon measurements via strangeness tracking in the upgraded ALICE detectors

A fundamental ingredient of the ALICE physics programme for the new decade is a comprehensive study of charm and multi-charm baryon production. Because charm is exclusively produced in initial hard scatterings, such measurements may provide unique insight into the QGP medium as well as hadronization from proton-proton to lead-lead collisions.

We will present a new method for detection of multiply charmed baryons via their decays into strange baryons, using `strangeness tracking'. In this method, the state-of-the-art upgraded silicon detectors in ALICE during Runs 3, 4 and beyond will enable the novel possibility of tracking strange hadrons directly before they decay, leading to a very significant improvement in impact-parameter resolution. In this work, we will discuss how this new technique will be crucial to distinguish secondary strange baryons originating from charm decays from primary strange baryons. This is a particularly interesting possibility for the $\Omega^{-}$ baryon coming from $\Omega_{c}^{0}$→$\Omega\pi$ decays, since there is no other feeddown source for $\Omega^-$. This, in turn, means that the main $\Omega^-$ background for the $\Omega_c$ measurement will point most accurately to the primary vertex, unlike pions or protons from other charmed baryon decays.

We will illustrate the achievable performance of strangeness tracking for the Run 3 configuration of ALICE with the upgraded Inner Tracking System, which is fully instrumented with silicon pixel detectors. Moreover, we will discuss the potential of this technique in a future experiment with an extensive silicon tracking detector with a first layer very close to the interaction point. Finally, we will also cover other potential major applications of strangeness tracking, including measurements of hypernuclei such as the $^{3}_{\Lambda}$H.

Speaker: David Dobrigkeit Chinellato (University of Campinas UNICAMP (BR))
• 50
Fixed-target program upgrade and prospects at LHCb

LHCb has the unique capability to operate in fixed-target mode to study collisions of the LHC beams on fixed targets. In Run3, the internal gas target is going to be upgraded to allow for a wider selection of target gas species and a significant increase of the rates of fixed target collisions by up to two orders of magnitude. Along with significant data acquisition and tracking upgrades, the SMOG 2 system greatly enhances the reach of LHCb's heavy ion program. The talk will present SMOG2, the upgraded fixed-target program of LHCb and discuss its prospects in Run 3.

Speaker: Edoardo Franzoso (Universita e INFN, Ferrara (IT))
• 51
Prospects for the NA60+ experiment at the CERN SPS

A new heavy-ion experiment on fixed target, NA60+, has been proposed at the CERN SPS for data taking in the next years. Its main goals will be focused on precision studies of thermal dimuons, heavy quark and strangeness production in Pb-Pb collisions at center-of-mass energies ranging from 5 to 17 GeV. The experiment will profit from the high-intensity beams provided by the CERN SPS, that will provide a unique opportunity to investigate the region of the QCD phase diagram at high baryochemical potential. The proposed experimental apparatus consists of a vertex telescope located close to the target and a muon spectrometer located downstream of a hadron absorber. The vertex telescope consists of several planes of monolithic active pixel sensors embedded in a dipole magnetic field. The muon spectrometer will utilize GEM detectors for muon tracking and a toroidal magnet based on a new light-weight and general-purpose concept.
This apparatus, based on state-of-the-art technologies, will allow a very broad and ambitious physics program which will be discussed during the talk. The competitiveness and complementarity of the NA60+ physics program in the
landscape of the experiments foreseen at other facilities in the next decade will also be discussed.
The high-precision measurements of dimuon invariant mass distributions will open the possibility to investigate the order of the phase transition from the quark-gluon plasma to a hadron gas in the interval $\mu_B \sim$ 200-400 MeV via the first measurement of the caloric curve. Furthermore, the precision measurement of charmonium states, through dimuon decays, and open-charm hadrons, from their hadronic decays, will provide new insights into the transport properties of the QGP and into the threshold energy for the onset of deconfinement. Finally, perspectives for high precision measurements of strangeness production at different energies will be presented, focusing on kaon, $\phi$ and $\Lambda$ production.

Speaker: Alessandro De Falco (Universita e INFN, Cagliari (IT))
• 52
The heavy-ion program at the upgraded Baryonic Matter@Nuclotron Experiment at NICA

In the coming years, the Nuclotron at JINR in Dubna will deliver gold beams with energies of up to 3.8A GeV and intensities of up to 2.5106 ions/s. These beams are well suited for experiments devoted to the study of the equation of state of dense baryonic matter, and the exploration of microscopic degrees of freedom emerging at neutron star core densities. The relevant observables in heavy-ion collisions at these energies include the yields and multi-differential distributions of (multi-) strange particles, the collective flow of identified particles, fluctuation of conserved quantities, and hypernuclei. In order to measure these observables in Au+Au collisions with rates of up to 50 kHz, the existing BM@N setup in the Nuclotron target hall will be upgraded with a highly granulated and fast hybrid tracking system, and a forward calorimeter for event plane determination. The BM@N physics program, the detector upgrades, and physics performance studies will be presented.

Speaker: Dima Dementev (JINR)
• 53
Machine Learning Application for Λ Hyperon Reconstruction in CBM at FAIR

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment at FAIR will investigate the QCD phase diagram in the region of high net-baryon densities (µB > 500 MeV) in the collision energy range of √sNN = 2.7−4.9 GeV with high interaction rate, up to 10 MHz, provided by the SIS100 accelerator. Enhanced production of strange baryons can signal transition to a new phase of the QCD matter. Λ hyperons are the most abundantly produced strange baryons. They weakly decay, with a branching ratio of 64%, into a proton and a negatively charged pion (π-). To reconstruct the Λ→π-+p decay kinematics, Particle-Finder Simple (PFSimple) package is used. PFSimple interfaces the mathematics of the Kalman Filter Particle (KFParticle) package and provides a convenient interface to control the reconstruction parameters. For the reduction of combinatorial background specific selection criteria needs to be applied to the proton and π- tracks and Λ-candidates decay topology.

In this work, the performance for Λ hyperon reconstruction in CBM with Machine Learning (ML) algorithms such as XGBoost will be presented. The ML algorithms allow efficient, non-linear and multi-dimensional selection criteria to be implemented and achieve high signal to background ratio in the region around the Λ candidate invariant mass peak.

Speaker: Shahid Khan (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen)
• 12:50 PM
Break
• Strangeness production in Quark Matter: Plenary 4 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: Jurgen Schukraft (CERN)
• 54
dynamic modelling for heavy-ion collisions
Speaker: Chun Shen (Wayne State University)
• 55
Momentum and multiplicity dependence of strangeness/nuclei production
Speaker: Alberto Caliva (GSI - Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung GmbH (DE))
• 56
Excitation function (beam energy dependence) of strangeness production
Speaker: Mohammad Nasim (IISER Berhampur)
• Wednesday, May 19
• Bulk (Transport): Parallel 3 Room A (Zoom)

### Room A

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Niveditha Ramasubramanian https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99346269726
Convener: Prof. Zi-Wei Lin (East Carolina University, Central China Normal University)
• 57
Is the chemical freeze-out connected to the phase transition? A transport study of freeze-out criteria

The chemical freeze-out is often related to the phase transition to a deconfined state of matter, the Quark Gluon Plasma. We introduce a novel approach based on elastic and inelastic scattering rates to extract the hyper-surface of the chemical freeze-out from a hadronic transport simulation. We use the Ultra-relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD) model to extract the chemical freeze-out hyper-surface of pions and kaons in the energy range from E$_\mathrm{lab}$ = 1.23 AGeV to $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 62.4 GeV. By employing a coarse-graining procedure, we can extract the local temperature and baryo-chemical potential and investigate the typical freeze-out criteria $\langle$E$\rangle$/$\langle$N$\rangle$ = 1 GeV, s/T$^3$ = 7 and $n_B+n_\bar{B}$ = 0.12 fm$^{-3}$ on the chemical freeze-out surface and compare them to results from statistical model analysis. We find a great agreement leading to the conclusion that the chemical freeze-out can be well described by hadronic transport simulations. We do not observe a relation of the chemical freeze-out line and the phase-transition line. Instead we argue that the freeze-out line is defined by an interplay between elastic, inelastic and pseudo-elastic scattering rates and the expansion rate.

Speaker: Tom Reichert (Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universität Frankfurt)
• 58
NCQ scaling of $f_{0}(980)$ elliptic flow in 200 GeV Au+Au collisions by STAR and its constituent quark content

Searching for exotic state particles and studying their properties have furthered our understanding of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The $f_{0}(980)$ resonance is an exotic state with relatively higher production rate in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, decaying primarily into $\pi\pi$. Currently the structure and quark content of the $f_{0}(980)$ are unknown with several predictions from theory being a $q\bar{q}$ state, a $qq\bar{q}\bar{q}$ state, a $K\bar{K}$ molecule state, or a gluonium state. We report the first $f_{0}(980)$ elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) measurement from 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at STAR. The transverse momentum dependence of $v_{2}$ is examined and compared to those of other hadrons (baryons and mesons). The empirical number of constituent quark (NCQ) scaling is used to investigate the constituent quark content of $f_{0}(980)$ [1], which may potentially address an important question in QCD. We will report the findings of our investigation and discuss its implications.

[1] A. Gu, T. Edmonds, J. Zhao, F. Wang, Phys. Rev. C 101, 024908 (2020), arXiv:1902.07152

Speaker: Dr Jie Zhao (Purdue University)
• 59
Resonance production in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV and duration of hadronic rescattering stage

We compute resonance (rho, K*(892), phi(1020), f2'(1252), Lambda(1520), Sigma(1775)) yields and spectra in PbPb collisions at 5.02 TeV using hydrodynamics with hadronic afterburner. The yields and <pT> agree with available experimental data. With the afterburner the yields are substantially suppressed and the mean transverse momenta are substantially enhanced compared to the case without afterburner. The only exception of this rule is phi(1020), which remains unaltered by the afterburner. First, we provide a simple qualitative explanation of this phenomenon. Second, the available measurements of Lambda(1520) by ALICE allow us to estimate the duration of hadronic rescattering stage after hadronization of the quark-gluon plasma.

Speaker: Dr Dmytro Oliinychenko (INT, UW)
• 60
Thermal abundance of hyperons from a coupled-channel model

I shall present an analysis of the thermal composition of the S=-1 strange baryons using an S-matrix formulation of statistical mechanics. The thermal abundances are computed based on the density of states extracted from a coupled-channel model. The approach entails a consistent treatment of resonances and naturally incorporates nonresonant interactions and the contribution from some additional states beyond the listing of the PDG. Influences from beyond the elastic scatterings of elementary hadrons, i.e. quasi-two-body states and unitarity backgrounds will be examined. Lastly, constraints from thermal model analysis of the LHC hadron yields and the LQCD results on baryon strangeness correlations will be discussed.

Speaker: Dr Pok Man Lo (University of Wroclaw)
• 61
The role of the strange quasiquarks in transport properties of the QGP

We study the role of dynamical strange quarks in transport properties of the QGP utilizing the quasiparticle approach based on the kinetic theory. The interactions with a hot medium are encoded in the quasiparticle excitations, with the temperature dependence of the dynamical masses specified by the effective coupling extracted from the lattice QCD thermodynamics.

Evaluation of the temperature and flavor profiles of the shear (bulk) viscosity to entropy density ratio illustrates how strange quark excitations modify the transport properties of the deconfined matter [1].
Further, computing the bulk to shear viscosity ratio and parameterizing it by the sound velocity, we show that the quasiparticle model adequately captures the weak and strong coupling regimes of QCD. In the vicinity of the crossover, the bulk to shear viscosity ratio behaves consistently to the scaling with the speed of sound derived in the AdS/CFT approach, while at high temperature, it obeys the same parametric dependence as in perturbation theory.

We also find that the presence of heavy quasiquarks in the system extends the temperature region where QCD is described nonperturbatively, and significantly delays the restoration of conformal invariance at high temperature [2]. The preliminary results including the charm quark will also be presented.

[1] V. M., M. Bluhm, K. Redlich, C. Sasaki, Phys.Rev.D 100 (2019) 3, 034002

[2] V. M., C. Sasaki, Phys.Rev.D 103 (2021) 1, 014007

Speaker: Valeriya Mykhaylova
• Heavy Flavor (Open charm): Parallel 3 Room D (Zoom)

### Room D

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Mriganka Mouli Mondal https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/93238724142
Convener: Xuan Li (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
• 62
Charm-baryon enhancement in small systems measured with ALICE and implication on the charm fragmentation fractions

In this contribution, we present the latest measurements of $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+$, $\Xi_\mathrm{c}^{0,+}$, $\Sigma_\mathrm{c}^{0,++}$, and the first measurement of $\Omega_\mathrm{c}^0$ baryons performed with the ALICE detector at midrapidity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ and 13 TeV. Recent measurements of charm-baryon production at midrapidity by the ALICE Collaboration in small systems show a baryon-over-meson ratio significantly higher than that in $\mathrm{e^+e^-}$ collisions, suggesting that the fragmentation of charm is not universal across different collision systems. Thus, measurements of charm-baryon production are crucial to study the charm quark hadronisation in proton--proton collisions and its difference with respect to $\mathrm{e^+e^-}$ collisions, which is relevant also for the description the heavy-flavour mesons. In fact, the production cross sections of open heavy-flavour mesons are typically described within the factorisation approach as the convolution of the parton distribution functions of the incoming protons, the perturbative QCD partonic cross section, and the fragmentation functions which are typically parametrised from measurements in $\mathrm{e^+e^-}$ collisions. The results will be compared to predictions from Monte Carlo event generators and theoretical calculations based on the statistical hadronisation model and on the hadronisation via coalescence.

Furthermore, the new $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^+/\mathrm{D}^0$ ratio measured down to $p_\mathrm{T}=0$ in p-Pb collisions as well as the nuclear modification factor $R_\mathrm{pPb}$ will be discussed. The measurement of charm baryons in p-nucleus collisions provides important information about Cold Nuclear Matter (CNM) effects and to understand how the possible presence of collective effects could modify production of heavy-flavour hadrons and the similarities observed among pp, p-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus systems. The results will be compared to models including CNM effects as well as ones assuming the formation of a quark-gluon plasma in p-Pb collisions.

Speaker: Jianhui Zhu (Central China Normal University CCNU (CN))
• 63
Measurements of electrons from heavy-flavor hadron decays in 27, 54.4, and 200 GeV Au+Au collisions in STAR

Measurements of heavy-flavor hadron production and elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) are unique and indispensable probes to the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). Measurements of the production of electrons from open charm and bottom hadron decays in Au+Au collisions serve as a valuable tool to investigate the mass hierarchy of the parton energy loss. Meanwhile, measuring $v_{2}$ of heavy flavor hadrons and their decay daughters at different collision energies provide important insights for understanding the temperature dependence of charm quark interactions with the QGP.

In this talk, we will present the latest measurements of the nuclear modification factor of heavy-flavor electrons in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV. Measurements of electrons from open charm- and bottom-hadron decays will be reported separately. The new results from STAR on the $v_{2}$ of heavy-flavor electrons at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 27 and 54.4 GeV will be presented. The energy dependence of heavy-flavor electron $v_{2}$ will be compared with those of light hadrons. Physics implications of these results will be discussed by comparing to theoretical model calculations.

Speaker: Shenghui Zhang (USTC)
• 64
Temperature dependence of the properties of open heavy-flavor mesons

Mesons carrying heavy flavor (charm and beauty) are valuable probes of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in heavy-ion collisions. Therefore a proper theoretical understanding of their modification in a thermal medium is required for a better description of the experimental data collected at RHIC and LHC. The modification of open heavy-flavor mesons in a hot medium of light mesons can be investigated theoretically with effective theories. In particular our approach is built upon chiral and heavy-quark spin-flavor symmetries and the use of the imaginary-time formalism to introduce the non-zero temperature effects to the theory [1,2]. The unitarized scattering amplitudes, the ground-state self-energies and the corresponding spectral functions are calculated self-consistently. I will show that the heavy ground states acquire a width induced by the interactions with the light mesons and the in-medium masses drop with increasing temperatures, which also implies the thermal modification of the excited mesonic states generated dynamically in our heavy-light molecular model. The thermal ground-state spectral functions obtained with this methodology can be further used to calculate meson Euclidean correlators, which are the quantities directly accessible in lattice QCD simulations. I will show that the comparison of the Euclidean correlators resulting from the effective theory with recent open-charm lattice correlators is fairly good well below $T_c$ [3].

[1] G. Montaña, A. Ramos, L. Tolos and J. M. Torres-Rincon, Phys. Lett. B 806 (2020), 135464 doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2020.
[2] G. Montaña, A. Ramos, L. Tolos and J. M. Torres-Rincon, Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 9, 096020 doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.102.096020
[3] G. Montaña, O. Kaczmarek, L. Tolos and A. Ramos, Eur.Phys.J.A 56 (2020) 11, 294 doi:10.1140/epja/s10050-020-00300-y

Speaker: Gloria Montaña (Universitat de Barcelona)
• 65
Quarkonia and heavy quark diffusion in the hot gluonic medium

We will discuss thermal modifications of charmonium and bottomonium spectral properties in a hot gluonic medium from continuum extrapolated lattice results. The dissociation temperatures of quarkonia as well as charm and bottom quark diffusion coefficients are presented in the temperature region from $1.1T_c$ to $2.25T_c$ in the quenched approximation with valence quarks tuned to physical $J/\psi$ and $\Upsilon$ masses. The results are obtained by incorporating theoretically and perturbatively inspired models for the spectral functions compared to continuum extrapolated correlation functions measured on the lattice.

Speaker: Dr Hai-Tao Shu (Bielefeld University)
• 66
Heavy-flavour production in small systems and evolution with multiplicity with ALICE

Studies on the production of heavy-flavour in pp and p-Pb collisions are of primary importance as a baseline to characterise the QGP medium created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions, and as tests of perturbative QCD and cold-matter effects in the nuclear medium. Recent measurements performed in small collision systems have revealed unexpected features, as the enhancement of baryon-to-meson ratios and modification of spectra in a high-multiplicity pp and p-Pb collisions with respect to minimum bias collisions. These could be explained as signatures of quark recombination mechanisms, radial flow and collectivity, phenomena typically observed in Pb-Pb collisions, suggesting that similar mechanisms could have a role also in small systems and that a smooth evolution of the heavy-flavour production measurements versus multiplicity, going from pp to Pb-Pb collisions, is observed.

In this regards, a comprehensive study of multiplicity-dependent measurements at midrapidity will be discussed for $\Lambda^{+}_{\rm c}$, strange and non-strange D mesons, and leptons from heavy-flavour hadron decays. In particular the baryon-to-meson ($\rm{\Lambda^{+}_{c}/D^{0}}$) and strange-to-non-strange meson ($\rm{D_{s}/D}$) production ratios, and the self-normalised yields in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV will be shown. Such measurements constitute also a valuable tool to investigate the role of the color reconnection in the hadronization mechanisms and characterize Multi-Parton Interactions. Moreover, the elliptic flow measurements in high-multiplicity events for heavy-flavour decay leptons at mid and forward rapidity, will be discussed. Measurement of jets containing heavy-flavour decay hadrons in pp and p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV will be presented. Such studies provide a more direct access to the heavy-quark kinematics, and allow for studying possible modifications of its fragmentation in different multiplicity environments, from pp to p-Pb. In a similar context, new measurements of azimuthal correlations of heavy-flavour decay electrons and charged hadrons in the same systems will be shown.

Speaker: Shreyasi Acharya (Department of Atomic Energy (IN))
• Open and New (Charge and Flavor): Parallel 3 Room C (Zoom)

### Room C

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99045792821
Convener: Thomas Ullrich (BNL)
• 67
Event-shape studies of strangeness production in $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV pp collisions with ALICE

Significant strangeness enhancement and radial flow have been observed in high-multiplicity pp collisions at LHC. The origin of these effects is still under debate. In this contribution, new and more differential measurements are presented, making use of event-shape techniques to study final-state topologies: (i) the transverse spherocity, which aims to classify events into jetty (back-to-back) and isotropic to isolate hard and soft effects, respectively; (ii) the self-normalized Underlying Event (UE) activity, RT, which allows the UE to be significantly suppressed or enhanced. Using observables that control the hard-to-soft ratio and the UE, one gains novel insights into the mechanism responsible for the QGP-like effects in small systems. The results will be presented for a large variety of strange and non-strange hadrons and resonances (π, K, K$^{∗0}$, p, φ, and Ξ) and will be compared to calculations using both PYTHIA 8 and EPOS LHC event generators.

Speaker: Adrian Fereydon Nassirpour (Lund University (SE))
• 68
Directed flow of D mesons at RHIC and LHC energy within a transport approach: non-perturbative dynamics, vorticity and electromagnetic fields

Ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collision are characterized by the presence of very intense electromagnetic fields, which attain their maximal strength in the early stage and interplay with the strong vorticity induced in the plasma by the large angular momentum of the colliding nuclei. As a promising observable influenced by these phenomena we study the directed flow $v_1$ of neutral $D$ mesons by means of a relativistic Boltzmann transport approach. Confirming recent theoretical and experimental studies, we find that the $v_1$ for $D$ mesons is surprisingly much larger than that of light charged hadrons and we clarify its different origin with respect to the one of the bulk matter. We point out that the very large $v_1$ for $D$ mesons can be generated only if there is a longitudinal asymmetry between the bulk matter and the charm quarks and if the latter have a large non-perturbative interaction in the QGP medium. It is moreover associated to the small heavy-quark formation time expected to be more sensitive to the initial high-temperature dependence of the charm diffusion coefficient. We discuss also the splitting of $v_1$ for $D^0$ and $\overline{D}^0$ due to the electromagnetic field that is again much larger than the one observed for charged particles. We find a $v_1$ splitting of $D$ mesons in agreement with the data by STAR that have however still error bars comparable with the splitting itself. We highlight the role of the $D$-meson $v_1$ as a powerful observable connected to the transport properties of the hot QCD matter produced in high-energy collisions: the magnitude of the $v_1$ gives information on the heavy-quark diffusion coefficient whereas the $v_1$ splitting is associated to the electric conductivity of the QGP medium.

Speaker: Salvatore Plumari (University of Catania (Italy))
• 69
Hyperon-type dependence of global polarization in heavy-ion collisions

In heavy-ion collisions, the spin polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperon is an important measure to probe the vorticity of the quark-gluon plasma. On the other hand, other hyperons such as $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}$ should also possess the global polarization similar to $\Lambda$.

In this talk, I will show our recent theoretical results on the global polarization of $\Lambda$, $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}$ hyperons in non-central Au+Au collisions in the energy range $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=7.7-200$ GeV. The effect of resonance decays on the global polarization of $\Lambda$ and $\Xi^{-}$ is also investigated. Our results provide a quantitative relation between the global polarization of $\Lambda$, $\Xi^{-}$ and $\Omega^{-}$ hyperons. This provides us a means to further test the vorticity interpretation of the global polarization in experiments.

Speaker: Hui Li (Fudan University)
• 70
CME search at STAR

The hot and dense medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions has been conjectured to be accompanied by an axial charge asymmetry that may lead to a separation of electric charges in the direction of the extremely strong ($10^{18}$ Gauss) magnetic field ($B$),also known as the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME). The measurement of azimuthal correlator ($\Delta\gamma$) with respect to the spectator plane [1], estimated by the zero degree calorimeters with shower maximum detector, and the participant plane, estimated by the 2nd harmonic event plane determined using charged particles reconstructed by time projection chamber, will give us an opportunity to measure the possible CME fraction beyond the flow background. Preliminary results using this approach in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV and U+U at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 193 GeV have been presented at Quark Matter 2019 [2]. In this talk, I will present the final results where the systematic uncertainties have been thoroughly investigated. Meanwhile, the observability of CME has been conjectured to be dependent on $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ due to changes in the lifetime of the magnetic field, the strengths of CME signal and non-CME background. At lower energies, the Event Plane Detector (EPD) installed in the year 2018 provides a unique capability for CME search. The EPD can measure the event plane associated with the spectators with good precision. This opens up new opportunities to revisit CME search at lower energies with the BES-II data recently collected by STAR. In this presentation, I’ll present the CME search at STAR using the EPD and present the first measurements in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 27 GeV and discuss STAR’s plan for blind analysis of the isobar data as outlined in Ref. [3].

References
[1] H.-J. Xu, J. Zhao, X.-B. Wang, H.-L. Li, Z.-W. Lin, C.-W. Shen, and F.-Q. Wang. Varying the chiral magnetic effect relative to flow in a single nucleus-nucleus collision. Chinese Physics C, 42(8):084103, jul 2018.
[2] J. Zhao. Search for CME in U+U and Au+Au collisions in STAR with different approaches of handling backgrounds. Nuclear Physics A, 1005:121766, 2021. The 28th International Conference on Ultra-relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: Quark Matter 2019.
[3] J. Adam and others, STAR collaboration. Methods for a blind analysis of isobar data collected by the star collaboration. arXiv:1911.00596, 2019.

Speaker: YU HU (Fudan University)
• 71
Shear-induced spin polarization and “strange memory” in heavy-ion collisions

We analyze the spin polarization generated from the hydrodynamic gradients. In addition to the widely studied effects of thermal vorticity, we identify an undiscovered contribution, namely, shear-induced polarization (SIP). That is, shear strength $\sigma^{\mu\nu}$, the traceless and symmetric part of the flow gradient, will give rise to spin polarization in momentum space. SIP can be viewed as the fluid analog of strain-induced polarization observed in elastic and nematic materials in condensed matter physics, which converts anisotropy in fluid into eccentricity in spin space. The form of the SIP can be obtained either using the quantum kinetic equation or linear response theory and the form is identical in both approaches. Based on a realistic hydrodynamic model, we investigate the spin polarization on both beam direction ($z$) and out-plane direction ($y$), including SIP and thermal vorticity effects. We observe the azimuthal angle dependence of SIP always has the same trend comparing to the local lambda polarization observed in experiments in both $z$ and $y$ directions. Within the present study, we find that in the scenario that $\Lambda$ inherits and memorizes the spin polarization of strange quark in the quark-gluon plasma phase, the total spin polarization shows an azimuthal angle dependence qualitatively agrees with the experimental data.

Speaker: Dr Shuai Liu (Institute of Modern Physics (IMP))
• Resonances and Hypernuclei (I): Parallel 3 Room B (Zoom)

### Room B

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Klaus Dehmelt https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/98548694974
Convener: Alexander Philipp Kalweit (CERN)
• 72
Recent measurements of hadronic resonances with ALICE at the LHC

Hadronic resonances, thanks to their relatively short lifetimes, can be used to probe the properties of the hadronic phase in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. In particular they are exploited to investigate the interplay between particle re-scattering and regeneration after hadronization. Resonances can also be used to explore the various mechanisms that influence the shape of particle momentum spectra, strangeness production, and collective effects. In this contribution we present the latest results on $\rho$(770)$^{0}$, K*(892), f$_{0}$(980)$, \phi$(1020), $\Sigma$(1385)$^{\pm}$, $\Lambda$(1520), $\Xi$(1530)$^{0}$ and $\Xi$(1820) production in pp, p--Pb, Pb--Pb and Xe--Xe collisions at different LHC energies. Results include system-size and collision-energy evolution of transverse momentum spectra, integrated yields, mean transverse momenta and particle ratios. These results will be compared to measurements from lower energy and discussed in the context of theoretical models.

Speaker: Vikash Sumberia (University of Jammu (IN))
• 73
Quark coalescence model for spin alignments of vector mesons $\phi$ and $K^{\ast 0}$

We propose an improved quark coalescence model with spin degrees of freedom for vector mesons by spin density matrix in phase space. This model allows us to estimate spin alignments of vector mesons using polarizations of quarks. We propose that a significant positive deviation from 1/3 of the spin density matrix element $\rho_{00}$ for the $\phi$ meson may attribute to the electric part of the mean vector $\phi$ field generated in heavy ion collisions. Meanwhile, a negative deviation of $\rho_{00}$ for the $K^{\ast 0}$ meson may come from the electric part of the vorticity tensor field. The difference between spin alignments of $\phi$ and $K^{\ast 0}$ is due to the large mass ratio of strange quarks to light quarks. These results should be tested by a detailed and comprehensive simulation of vorticity tensor fields and vector $\phi$ fields in heavy ion collisions.

Speaker: Dr Xin-Li Sheng (Central China Normal University)
• 74
Proton-$\phi$ and Λ-Ξ interactions studied in pp collisions with ALICE at the LHC

In order to constrain the equation of state of dense objects like neutron stars (NS) and subsequently solve the puzzle about their content, it is fundamental to understand the interaction between their hypothetical constituents. Hyperons might be contained in the core of NS. When becoming sufficiently abundant, in addition to the hyperon-nucleon interaction also the self-interaction of hyperons becomes relevant. In this context, both the hyperon-hyperon interactions and the coupling of the $\phi$ vector meson to nucleons play an important role. At the moment, experimental data is limited to studies of Λ-Λ final states or measurements of the inclusive $\phi$ productions in several colliding systems.

The ALICE Collaboration can provide precise data on interactions such as the hyperon-hyperon and the nucleon-$\phi$ by means of the femtoscopy technique applied to small collision systems at the LHC. The small size of the particle-emitting source produced in collision systems such as pp and p-Pb makes it possible to study short-ranged strong potentials with unprecedented precision. We present here the first experimental observation of the strong interaction between proton and $\phi$ meson as well as a measurement of the interaction between Λ-Ξ using high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV at the LHC. The proton-$\phi$ interaction is found to be attractive with a sizable influence of the so far neglected direct p-$\phi$ coupling. The Λ-Ξ interaction suggests a shallow potential of the strong interaction, in contradiction to calculations with Chiral Effective Field Theory.

Speaker: Emma Sophia Chizzali (Technische Universitaet Muenchen (DE))
• 75
Measurements of $\Lambda$-$\Lambda$, $\Xi$-$\Xi$, and p-$\Xi$ Correlations in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV and p-p Correlation in Au+Au FXT target collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\rm NN}}}$ = 3 GeV at RHIC-STAR

Understanding of baryon-baryon interactions is important to examine the existence of stranglets and various exotic hadrons, e.g. H-dibaryon, and to model of astronomical objects such as neutron stars. However hyperon-nucleon and hyperon-hyperon interactions are not fully understood yet. In high energy heavy-ion collisions, a large number of particles including (multi-)strangeness are produced, which may allows us to study those interactions via femtoscopic measurements with better precision. At low relative momentum, the correlations between two particles are influenced by the strong and Coulomb interactions as well as quantum statistical effect sensitive to the emission source size for identical pairs. Thus measuring correlations of two baryons is a useful probe to extract the scattering parameters between the baryons and the size of the particle emission.

In this talk, we present measurements of $\Lambda$-$\Lambda$ correlations in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV with largely improved statistical precision compared to previous measurements for studying a possible $\Lambda$-$\Lambda$ bound state. We will also present the first measurements of $\Xi$-$\Xi$ and p-$\Xi$ correlations in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 200 GeV. New results of p-p correlation in FXT target mode Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV will be also presented as a function of the collision centrality, transverse momenta, and rapidity, and will be compared with the calculations from UrQMD transport model. In addition, a systematic energy dependence of the p-p correlation functions will be discussed.

Speaker: Moe Isshiki (University of Tsukuba (JP))
• 76
Light-nuclei production in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC BES in updated Three-fluid Hydrodynamics-based Event Simulator (THESEUS).

We present an updated event generator THESEUS, based on the three-fluid dynamics (3FD), complemented by UrQMD cascade for the late stage of the nuclear collision. The generator is extended to simulate light-nuclei production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions via thermal mechanism, on the same basis as hadrons.
We present the rapidity, transverse momentum spectra, first ($v_1$) and second ($v_2$) flow harmonics of deuterons, tritons, $^3$He at different collision energies and impact parameters in the RHIC BES range. The results are compared with experimental data from NA49 and STAR.
We show that anti-deuteron spectra from THESEUS are in good agreement with STAR data.
We demonstrate the contributions from the excited states of Helium to the yields of deuteron, triton and $^3$He. The reproduction is achieved without any extra parameters, while the original coalescence approach in 3FD requires a tuning of the coalescence coefficients for each light nucleus separately.

Speaker: Iurii Karpenko (SUBATECH Nantes)
• Interactive: RHIC virtual tour Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Convener: Lijuan Ruan
• Break + Conference Photo: Photo Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678

Prakhar Garg will take a conference photo in zoom, please follow his coordination and open your video for the picture.

Convener: Prakhar Garg (Stony Brook University)
• 77
Photo
Speaker: Prakhar Garg (Stony Brook University)
• Heavy-Flavor in Quark Matter: Plenary 5 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: Peter Braun-Munzinger (GSI - Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung GmbH (DE))
• 78
From lattice QCD to in-medium heavy-quark interactions via deep learning
Speaker: Shuzhe SHI (McGill University)
• 79
Quarkonium in heavy-ion collisions
Speaker: Prof. Mike Strickland (Kent State University)
• 80
Recent experimental open heavy-flavor results
Speaker: Gian Michele Innocenti (CERN)
• 81
Heavy-Flavor hadronization in small and large systems
Speaker: Grazia Luparello (Universita e INFN Trieste (IT))
• 82
ALICE upgrades
Speaker: Felix Reidt (CERN)
• Thursday, May 20
• Astrophysics and Hadronic Interactions: Parallel 4 Room C (Zoom)

### Room C

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99045792821
Convener: Christoph Blume (Goethe University Frankfurt (DE))
• 83
Early quark deconfinement in compact star astrophysics and upcoming experiments at NICA

We outline a theoretical approach supporting strong phase transitions from normal nuclear matter to the deconfined quark-gluon plasma, in the equation of state (EOS) for compact star matter, from vanishing to moderately high temperatures that are accessible for BM(a)N and MPD experiments at NICA. We study the connection of such hybrid EOS with the mass-radius relation of cold compact stars, including the intriguing possibility of additional families, as a consequence of the presence of an early and strong phase transition. Special emphasis is devoted to eventually detectable signatures which can be directly related with the occurrence of a sufficiently strong phase transition. Therefore dynamical scenarios are being considered, such as binary compact star mergers including the subsequent emission of gravitational waves and supernova explosions of massive supergiant stars where neutrinos play the role of messengers.

Speaker: David Blaschke (University of Wroclaw)
• 84
Measurement of the antinuclei nuclear inelastic cross sections with ALICE and implications for indirect Dark Matter searches

The measurement of low-energy cosmic antinuclei may reveal the existence of exotic processes such as dark-matter annihilation, since the production rate of these ions through ordinary secondary processes is very low. However, the lack of experimental data at low energies, where both the antinuclei production and inelastic cross sections are very poorly known, prevents precise predictions of antinuclei fluxes near Earth.

In ultrarelativistic pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the CERN LHC, matter and antimatter are produced in almost equal abundances at midrapidity. This allows us to study the production cross sections of (anti)nuclei with high precision as well as to measure the absorption process of produced (anti)nuclei in the detector material.

In this talk we present the first results on the antideuteron and absorption cross sections in the ALICE detector material and we discuss the implications of these results for indirect Dark Matter searches using cosmic antinuclei.

Speaker: Laura Šerkšnytė (Technische Universitaet Muenchen (DE))
• 85
Strange baryons in nuclei and neutron stars

Understanding the dynamics of hadrons with strangeness has received a lot attention over the past decades in connection with the study of exotic atoms, the analysis of strangeness production and propagation in particle and nuclear research facilities, and the investigation of the possible strange phases in the interior of neutron stars. One venue of interest in the field of strangeness is the study of strange baryons, the so-called hyperons, and their dynamics with nucleons and nuclear matter. Theoretical studies have gone hand in hand with scattering experiments employing secondary hyperon beams or, more recently, using femtoscopy techniques. Also, the possible formation of nuclei with one or more hyperons inside the nucleus, the so-called hypernuclei, has triggered a lot of theoretical advances. Moreover, understanding the behaviour of hyperons in the presence of a surrounding dense medium is of particular interest to determine the features of the possible phases of dense matter in compact astrophysical objects, such as neutron stars. In this talk I will review the dynamics of hyperons with nucleons and nuclear matter, as presented in Ref. [1], paying a special attention to hypernuclei. I will also discuss the presence of hyperons in the inner core of neutron stars and the consequences for the structure of these compact stars.

[1] Laura Tolos and Laura Fabbietti, Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 112 (2020) 103770, 2002.09223 [nucl-ex]

Speaker: Dr Laura Tolos
• 86
Strangeness freeze-out in early universe

In the primordial QGP filling the early Universe the abundant strangeness is in chemical equilibrium since the characteristic Hubble time constant $H^{-1}\simeq 1\mu s$. Upon hadronization near to $T=150$ MeV one may think that relatively short lived massive strange hadrons decay rapidly and strangeness disappears. However, using detailed balance considerations for inverse decay reactions including hadronic, electromagnetic and weak interaction processes we show that the back reactions repopulate strangeness keeping it near to the chemical equilibrium -- small deviations occur due to multiparticle decay processes which can fall out from detailed balance. For $T>20\,\mathrm{MeV}$ strangeness abundance is predominantly found in strangeness containing mesons with $s=\bar s$. For $20>T>13$ MeV strangeness is predominantly present in hyperons, with anti-strangeness balance in kaons, keeping symmetric $s=\bar s$ abundances. Near to $T=13$ MeV the reaction $\overline{K}+N\rightarrow\Lambda+\pi$ becomes slower than the strangeness decay $\Lambda\rightarrow N+\pi$. Now strangeness abundance becomes asymmetric $s>\bar s$. Finally, at $T_s=7.3$ MeV all strange particle kinetic reaction rates drop below $H^{-1}$, hence also $\Lambda$ disappear below this temperature. Considering this relatively low value of final chemical decoupling $T_s$ one can wonder if strange matter clustering should in future be also considered.

Speaker: -Cheng Tao -Yang (The University of Arizona)
• 87
Estimating Compressibility by Maximal-mass Compact Star Observations

Recent observation data of pulsar masses led us to estimate nuclear parameters, however, these predictions are strongly uncertain due to the masquarade problem. To resolve this we introduced, te maximmal-mass compact star scenario, and took into account data satisfying this criteria. We tested our method, applying the extended σ-ω model in the mean-field approximation at zero temperature and finite chemical potential to investigate the recent observation data of pulsar masses of PSR J0740+6620, PSR J0348+0432, and PSR J1614−2230. During the analysis we assumed that these pulsars are maximal mass compact objects, which suggest that the core approximation can be applied. Most of the free parameters of this model are fitted based on the nuclear saturation data, except for the Landau mass and effective nucleon mass. We used the observation data to determine the optimal Landau mass, and used the value to determine the nuclear compressibility $m_L = 76.0^{+38.5}_{−84.9}$ MeV and $K = 42.7^{+57.2}_{−28.0}$, respectively [1,2], which was in agreement in a more sophisticated Bayesian analysis [3].

[1] Eur.Phys.J.ST 229 (2020) 22-23, 3605-3614
[2] arXiv:1710.05410 (submitted to PASA)
[3] Eur.Phys.J.ST 229, 22-23, 3615-3628 (2020)

Speaker: Balazs Endre Szigeti (Wigner Research Centre for Physics (Wigner RCP) (HU))
• Bulk (Lattice): Parallel 4 Room A (Zoom)

### Room A

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Niveditha Ramasubramanian https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99346269726
Convener: Heng-Tong Ding (Central China Normal University)
• 88
Lattice QCD equation of state at finite chemical potential from an alternative expansion scheme

Taylor expansion of the equation of state of QCD
suffers from shortcomings at chemical potentials $\mu_B \geq (2-2.5)T$.
First, one faces difficulties inherent in performing such an expansion
with a limited number of coefficients; second,
higher order coefficients determined from
lattice calculations suffer from a poor signal-to-noise ratio.
We present a novel scheme for extrapolating
the equation of state of QCD to finite, real chemical
potential that can extend its reach further than previous methods.
We show continuum extrapolated lattice results for the new
expansion coefficients and for the thermodynamic observables up
to $\mu_B/T\le3.5$.

Speaker: Paolo Parotto (University of Wuppertal)
• 89
Extracting freeze-out parameters from cumulant ratios of electric charge and strangeness fluctuations

The determination of freeze-out parameters from experimental data on particle yields and higher order cumulants crucially relies on thermodynamic relations known to be valid in hadron resonance gas models. In particular, the determination of chemical potentials at the time of freeze-out, obtained from ratios of first and second order cumulants, relies on the assumption that particle fluctuations are well described by Skellam distributions. As is known from lattice QCD calculations such an assumption becomes worse with increasing values of the baryon chemical potential.

Using results from our most recent simulation campaign that used improved fermion discretization schemes on fine lattices, we provide new continuum extrapolations for mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis cumulants of electric charge and strangeness fluctuations along the pseudo-critical line, $T_{pc}(\mu_B)$, of the chiral transition. We use ratios of these cumulants to discuss deviations from Skellam distributions of conserved charge fluctuations and determine systematic differences between baryon and strangeness chemical potentials deduced from cumulant ratios when using QCD results on the one hand and relying on Skellam relations on the other hand.

Furthermore, we present first continuum estimates for hyper-skewness
and hyper-kurtosis cumulant ratios for electric charge and strangeness
fluctuations on the pseudo-critical line.

Speaker: Mr Dennis Bollweg (Bielefeld University)
• 90
Excited states of Bottomonia in QGP from lattice QCD

Using non-relativistic QCD techniques on finite temperature lattice configurations, we will present results pertaining to the fate of the Bottom and anti-Bottom quarkonium states of Υ(1S), Υ(2S) and Υ(3S) in Quark-Gluon-Plasma (QGP). We will present results on how the mass and spectral width of these states change with temperature. We will also show new results on how the finite temperature potential between a quark and anti-quark corroborate the results obtained for the quarkonium states.

Speaker: Rasmus Larsen (University of Stavanger)
• 91
Repulsive properties of hadrons in lattice QCD data and neutron stars

Second order susceptibilities $\chi^{11}_{ij}$ of baryon, electric, and strangeness, $B$, $Q$, and $S$, charges, are calculated in the Chiral Mean Field (CMF) model and compared to available lattice QCD data. The susceptibilities are sensitive to the short range repulsive interactions between different hadron species, especially to the hardcore repulsion of hyperons. Decreasing the hyperons size, as compared to the size of the non-strange baryons, does improve significantly the agreement of the CMF model results with the Lattice QCD data. The electric charge-dependent susceptibilities are sensitive to the short range repulsive volume of mesons. The comparison with lattice QCD data suggests that strange baryons, non-strange mesons and strange mesons have significantly smaller excluded volumes than non-strange baryons.
The CMF model with these modified hadron volumes allows for a mainly hadronic description of the QCD susceptibilities significantly above the chiral pseudo-critical temperature.
This improved CMF model which is based on the lattice QCD data, has been used to study the properties of both cold QCD matter and neutron star matter.
The phase structure in both cases is essentially unchanged, i.e. a chiral first order phase transition occurs at low temperatures ($T_{\rm CP}\approx 17$ MeV), and hyperons survive deconfinement to higher densities than non-strange hadrons. The neutron star maximal mass remains close to 2.1$M_\odot$ and the mass-radius diagram is only modified slightly due to the appearance of hyperons and is in agreement with astrophysical observations.

[1] A. Motornenko, S. Pal, A. Bhattacharyya, J. Steinheimer and H. Stoecker,
arXiv:2009.10848 [hep-ph]
[2] A. Motornenko, J. Steinheimer, V. Vovchenko, S. Schramm and H. Stoecker,
Phys. Rev. C 101, no.3, 034904 (2020)

Speaker: Mr Anton Motornenko (Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies)
• 92
Heavy quark momentum diffusion from the lattice

Heavy quark transport coefficients calculated from first-principles QCD are a crucial input for transport models. Utilizing the heavy quark limit, we will discuss the results of a novel approach to nonperturbatively estimate the heavy quark momentum diffusion coefficient in a hot gluonic medium from gradient-flowed color-electric correlators on the lattice. Unlike others, this approach can be extended to a medium with dynamical fermions. The correlation functions are computed on fine isotropic lattices at $1.5\,T_\mathrm{c}$ and are extrapolated to yield continuum data at zero flow time that is fully renormalized. Through theoretically well-established model fits we estimate the corresponding spectral function and in turn the diffusion coefficient, which is consistent with previous studies.

Speaker: Luis Altenkort (Bielefeld University)
• Heavy Flavor (Beauty): Parallel 4 Room D (Zoom)

### Room D

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Mriganka Mouli Mondal https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/93238724142
Convener: Dennis Perepelitsa (University of Colorado Boulder)
• 93
Open charm and beauty measurements from small to large systems with ALICE

In this contribution, measurements of open charm and beauty production via heavy-flavour hadron decay leptons, prompt and non prompt $\mathrm{D}^+$ and $\mathrm{D}^0$ in pp collisions are presented. In heavy-ion collisions, measurements of the production of leptons from heavy-flavour hadron decays and the modification of their spectra in different collision systems, like Xe--Xe and Pb--Pb, are discussed. The aforementioned measurements, together with the centrality-dependent measurements of the prompt D mesons, set new constraints to the modeling of the nature of parton energy loss and its dependence on the size of the QGP medium in transport-model calculations, highlighting that the collision geometry plays an important role in heavy-quark energy loss.The latest results on the centrality dependence of $R_{\rm AA}$ of beauty-decay electrons and non-prompt $\mathrm{D}^0$ in Pb--Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV will also provide important constraint to the in-medium mass dependent energy loss. High precision measurements of elliptic flow ($v_{2}$) of heavy-flavour particles provide stringent information about the thermal degrees of freedom of charm and beauty quarks in the QGP, path-length dependence of heavy-quark in-medium energy loss and recombination effects. Measurements of higher flow harmonics, such as the triangular flow ($v_{3}$), provide further constraints on fluctuations in the initial state of the system and on the ratio of the shear viscosity to the entropy density of the QGP, $\eta/s$. The coupling of the charm quark to the light quarks in the underlying medium is further investigated with the application of the event-shape engineering (ESE) technique to the D-meson elliptic flow and $p_{\rm T}$-differential yields. A strong correlation with the average bulk elliptic flow in both central and semicentral collisions is measured. Finally, the expected performance and projections of charm and beauty-hadron productions with ALICE in LHC Run 3 and Run 4 will be discussed.

Speaker: Jonghan Park (Inha University (KR))
• 94
First measurement of the Bc meson in PbPb collisions with CMS

In the quark-gluon plasma produced in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, mesons with heavy quarks can dissociate and recombine. The CMS measurements of the nuclear modification factor of prompt and non-prompt J/ψ mesons and of Upsilon mesons help understanding these processes. Furthermore, compared to their low yield in proton-proton collisions, Bc meson production could be dramatically enhanced by recombination of bottom quarks with the numerous charm quarks in the QGP, which would provide an unambiguous probe of the recombination mechanism. We present here the first observation of the Bc meson in nucleus-nucleus collisions, through partial reconstruction of the semi-leptonic decay Bc+ → (J/ψ → μ+μ−) μ+ νμ with CMS data. The signal is extracted via a template fit on the trimuon mass, performed simultaneously in the analysis bins and in bins of the discriminant variable. The Bc nuclear modification factor is measured in two bins of the visible transverse momentum, and in two ranges of centrality.

Speaker: Guillaume Falmagne
• 95
Prompt and non-prompt D$_s^+$ production in pp and Pb-Pb with ALICE

Measurements of $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ mesons originating from the hadronisation of a charm quark (prompt) and from beauty-hadron decays (non-prompt) offer a unique tool to study the hadronisation of both charm a-proton and heavy-ion collisions.

In this contribution, the latest results of the ALICE Collaboration on the production of prompt and non-prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV will be presented. Measurements of their production in pp collisions represent an important test for perturbative QCD calculations and provide information about the fragmentation of heavy quarks to strange heavy-flavour hadrons relative to that of heavy-flavour hadrons without strange-quark content.

The nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV and azimuthal anisotropy of prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ will be also presented. The first measurement of $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ $R_\mathrm{AA}$ will also compared to that of prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ and non-prompt $\mathrm{D}^0$ mesons at central rapidity. The production of charm and beauty hadrons with strange-quark content is particularly interesting to study the hadronisation mechanisms of heavy-quarks in the QGP. In fact, if a fraction of heavy quarks hadronise via recombination with light-flavoured quarks in the medium, the production of charm and beauty hadrons with strange-quark content is expected to be enhanced with respect to that of non-strange hadrons, due to the abundant production of (anti)strange quarks in heavy-ion collisions compared to proton-proton (pp) collisions, where an extended QGP formation is not expected. In this context, the production of prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ allows the study of the hadronisation of charm quarks, while that of non-prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ mesons, of which about half originate from $\mathrm{B}_s^0$-meson decays, is sensitive to the possible enhancement of beauty-strange meson production.

Finally, the expected performance for the measurement of non-prompt $\mathrm{D}_s^+$ mesons and that of $\mathrm{B}_s^0$ mesons with ALICE in the LHC Run 3 and Run 4 will be presented.

Speaker: Fabio Catalano (Politecnico e INFN Torino (IT))
• 96
D and B RAA(pT,eta) for sqrt(s) = 2.76 - 5.5 TeV from AdS/CFT

We present the latest predictions from AdS/CFT for $D$ and $B$ meson suppression $R_{AA}(p_T,\eta)$ and $v_2(p_T,\eta)$ in Pb+Pb collisions of various centrality classes at multiple LHC center-of-mass energies. Included in these predictions are systematic theoretical uncertainties due to the currently incomplete understanding of strongly-coupled energy loss and from mapping QCD onto N=4 SYM.
By comparing to baseline p+p data, we establish the inadequacy of current NLO schemes at describing the rapidity dependence of heavy flavor production. Using FONLL heavy flavor production, which does reproduce the rapidity dependence in p+p collisions, we then compare to current $D$ and $B$ meson measurements. Our results show good qualitative agreement with data, suggesting a consistent picture of strongly-coupled quark-gluon plasma formation from low-$p_T$ observables to high-$p_T$ observables.

Speaker: Robert Hambrock (University of Cape Town)
• 97
Probing of initial and final state effects using Y mesons in pp, pPb, and PbPb collisions with the CMS detector

Bottomonia have played a key role to understand the dynamics in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. In PbPb collisions, the modification of bottomonium production provides a crucial input for thermal property of the hot QCD medium. On there other hand, in smaller collision systems, it also contains intensive interest subjects such as Cold Nuclear Matter (CNM) effects. In this talk, we report the recent results of elliptic flow measurements in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{NN}) = 5.02$ TeV. In addition, we present the final results of the nuclear modification factors in pPb collisions at $\sqrt(s_{NN}) = 5.02$ TeV. Finally we also report the event activity dependence of Y states in pp collisions at 7 TeV.

Speaker: Jaebeom Park (Korea University (KR))
• Strangeness (Global Polarization): Parallel 4 Room B (Zoom)

### Room B

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Klaus Dehmelt https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/98548694974
Convener: Isaac Upsal (SDU/BNL)
• 98
Study of global and local polarization of Λ and anti-Λ hyperons in Pb-Pb collisions with ALICE

The system created in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions may possess large orbital angular momentum leading to the global polarization of particles perpendicular to the reaction plane. The local asymmetries in the velocity fields due to anisotropic flow can also generate vorticity and particle polarization along the beam direction. In parity-violating weak decays of hyperons, the momentum direction of the decay baryon is correlated with the hyperon spin and can be used to measure the hyperon polarization and thus estimate the local and global vorticity of the system created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions.

In this talk, the recent experimental measurements of the local and global polarization of the lambda and anti-lambda hyperons in Pb-Pb collisions in ALICE will be presented. Also, a comparison of the ALICE results with the previous STAR measurements will be shown and the collision energy dependence of the local and global hyperon polarization will be discussed.

Speaker: Mr Debojit Sarkar (Wayne State University (US))
• 99
Interpretation of Λ hyperon spin polarization measurements

The physics interpretation of the recent measurements of the spin polarization of Λ hyperons produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is discussed. We suggest that the polarization measured in the Λ rest frame should be projected along the direction of the total angular momentum that is first transformed to the same frame, and only then averaged over Λ's with different momenta in the center-of-mass frame. As this improved procedure is not expected to significantly change the present results regarding the global spin polarization, it may affect the estimates of the magnitude of the polarization and its energy dependence. Such a treatment is also generally more appropriate whenever directions in the Λ rest frame and in the center-of-mass frame are compared. Throughout the paper we deliver explicit expressions for various boosts, rotations, and transformations of angular distributions, which may help to compare model predictions with the experimental results.

reference: e-Print: 2102.02890 [hep-ph]

Speaker: Dr Radoslaw Ryblewski (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN)
• 100
Measurement of global polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperons in Au+Au $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 7.2 GeV Fixed-target collisions at RHIC-STAR experiment

Non-central heavy-ion collisions produce a large angular momentum that leads to vorticity of the created system. Due to the spin-orbit coupling, spin directions
of particles are aligned with the orbital angular momentum of the system. Global
polarization of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons has been measured in Au+Au collisions from $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 7.7 GeV to 200 GeV[1][2]. The STAR fixed target program provides an opportunity to extend such measurements at even lower energies. Additionally, $\Lambda$ global polarization is also influenced by magnetic field at the initial stage. It would be interesting to investigate such effects towards lower beam energies. In this talk, measurement of global polarization of $\Lambda$ hyperons in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 7.2 GeV with the fixed-target configuration is reported.

[1] L.Adamczyk et al,(STAR) Nature 548 62 (2017).
[2] J.Adam et al.(STAR), Phys. Rev. C 98 14910 (2018)

Speaker: Kosuke Okubo (University of Tsukuba)
• 101
Hyperon Global Polarization in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions at sub-10-GeV Beam Energy

In a non-central nucleus-nucleus collision, the colliding system carries large orbital angular momentum, part of which remains within the hot dense matter created by the collision. This angular momentum turns into complex fluid vorticity structures in the rapidly expanding bulk fluid and eventually manifests itself through the global spin polarization of produced particles such as hyperons. The STAR Collaboration reported the experimental discovery of this novel phenomenon in 2017. A crucial feature in establishing the interpretation was the predicted beam energy dependence, specifically a strong increase of fluid vorticity (and thus the polarization) when the collision beam energy is decreased from O(100) GeV to O(10) GeV range. In the latest Beam Energy Scan II experiment, these measurements have been pushed toward sub-10-GeV range through e.g. fixed-target collisions. It is an important question of great interest as to whether the trend would continue into such low beam energy range. In this contribution, we report our latest (and perhaps the first systematic) theoretical analysis of the vorticity and polarization in the sub-10-GeV collisions and present predictions for relevant observables. Finally, we comment on the possible implications for strong magnetic fields and related phenomena in such collisions.

Speaker: Jinfeng Liao (Indiana University)
• 102
Do we observe a maximum of the global polarization at HADES energies?

In non-central heavy-ion collisions the orbital angular momentum can reach high values up $10^4\hbar$. This might lead to a global spin polarization of the particles being produced. The STAR results, as measured during the beam energy scan phase I, show an enhancement of the global polarization towards lower beam energies. At a collision energy of $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7.7\,$GeV a polarization of a few percent has been found. For higher collision energies of $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200\,$GeV a significant global polarization has still been measured at the per-mille level. At even higher LHC energies of a few TeV the ALICE measurements, despite being consistent with zero, are following the decreasing trend of the global polarization with the collision energy.\
Several models have been used to describe the trend of the polarization. However, there is very little discussion on how this polarization manifests itself in the low-energy region as measured with HADES.\
To fuel this discussion from the experimental side, we will present multi-differential results in $p_t-y$ and centrality for the global polarization as measured with HADES. The high statistics Ag+Ag sample measured in 2019 at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 2.55\,$GeV together with the Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 2.42\,$GeV indicates that the trend measured by STAR continues. The global polarization has been measured by the self-analyzing weak decay of the $\Lambda$ hyperon. The orientation of the orbital angular momentum is estimated via the reaction plane which is reconstructed from charged spectator fragments measured with the forward wall hodoscope. Furthermore, new results for the directed flow, $v_1$, of the $\Lambda$ will be shown and compared to world data.

Speaker: Frederic Kornas (TU Darmstadt)
• Strangeness in Equation of State and in astrophysics: Plenary 6 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: Joerg Aichelin (Subatech/CNRS)
• 103
Recent progress on few-body hypernuclei

In this talk I will briefly review recent progress on two problems in few-body
hypernuclei:

(i) The Lambda-3H (hypertriton) lifetime puzzle [1,2,3].

(ii) The onset of binding in Lambda-Lambda hypernuclei [4,5].

References:

[1] A. Gal, H. Garcilazo,
Towards resolving the hypertriton lifetime puzzle,
Phys. Lett. B 791 (2019) 48.

[2] Lifetime of the hypertriton,
F. Hildenbrand, H.-W. Hammer,
Phys. Rev. C 102 (2020) 064002.

[3] Revisiting the hypertriton lifetime puzzle,
A. Perez-Obiol, D. Gazda, E. Friedman, A. Gal,
Phys. Lett. B 811 (2020) 135916.

[4] L. Contessi, M. Schaefer, N. Barnea, A. Gal, J. Mares,
The onset of Lambda-Lambda hypernuclear binding,
Phys. Lett. B 797 (2019) 134893.

[5] H. Le, J. Haidenbauer, U.-G. Meissner, A. Nogga,
S-shell Lambda-Lambda hypernuclei based on chiral interactions, arXiv:2103.08395 (submitted to EPJA).

Speaker: Prof. Avraham Gal (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
• 104
QCD/Quark Matter equation of state for neutron stars
Speaker: Kenji Fukushima (The University of Tokyo)
• 105
Hyperon-nucleon femtoscopy, nuclear production, and bearing on astrophysics
Speaker: Valentina Mantovani Sarti (Technische Universitaet Muenchen (DE))
• 106
Strangeness in astrophysics: Theoretical developments
Speaker: Veronica Dexheimer (Kent State University)
• 1:10 PM
Break
• Polarization of strangeness and heavy-flavor in Quark Matter: Plenary 7 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: Ralf Rapp (Texas A&M University)
• 107
Global polarization/spin alignment measurements
Speaker: Dr Takafumi Niida (University of Tsukuba)
• 108
Global polarization theory overview
Speaker: Prof. Jian-hua Gao (Shandong University (Weihai))
• 109
Quarkonium production and polarization
Speaker: Andre Govinda Stahl Leiton (Rice University (US))
• Friday, May 21
• Bulk (Small systems): Parallel 5 Room A (Zoom)

### Room A

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Niveditha Ramasubramanian https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99346269726
Convener: Roy Lacey (Stony Brook University)
• 110
Production of strange particles in jets and underlying events in pp and p-Pb collisions with ALICE

Previously reported ALICE measurements have shown that the inclusive production rate of (multi-)strange particles varies smoothly as a function of the size of the collision system, as measured by charged-particle multiplicity in pp, p-Pb, and Pb-Pb collisions. However, more detailed investigation reveals an overall enhancement in the yield of strange baryons relative to mesons for systems larger than pp collisions, possibly due to the effects of collective flow and recombination of the bulk matter. Such effects may differ for strange hadrons generated in soft (low $Q^2$) interactions, compared to those originating from jet fragmentation (high $Q^2$). In order to explore this question, in this contribution we report final measurements of the baryon-to-meson yield ratios measured in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV for the inclusive population, and for hadrons within jets. We will also discuss the production of (multi-)strange hadrons (K$^{0}_{s}$, $\Lambda$ ($\bar{\Lambda}$), $\Xi^{\pm}$ and $\Omega^{\pm}$) in jets and the underlying event for pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV and p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV.

Speaker: Pengyao Cui (Central China Normal University CCNU (CN))
• 111
Production of light nuclei in small collision systems with ALICE

The energy densities reached in high-energy hadronic collisions at the LHC allow significant production of light (anti)nuclei. Their production yields have been measured as a function of $p_{\rm T}$ and charged-particle multiplicity in different collision systems and at different center-of-mass energies by ALICE. One of the most interesting results obtained from such a large variety of experimental data is that the dominant production mechanism of light (anti)nuclei seems to depend solely on the event charged-particle multiplicity. Evidence for this comes from the continuous evolution of the deuteron-to-proton and $^3$He-to-proton ratios with the event multiplicity across different collision systems and energies. The characterization of the light nuclei production mechanism is complemented by measurements of their production yields in jets, where hard QCD processes are dominant, and in the underlying event, which is dominated by soft QCD processes.

In this contribution, recent results on light nuclei production in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions are shown and discussed in the context of the statistical hadronization and coalescence models. In addition, final results on the deuteron production in jets and new preliminary results on its production in the underlying event measured in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV are shown.

Speaker: Chiara Pinto (INFN and University of Catania)
• 112
Thermalization time constrained by high-pt QGP tomography

We show that high-$p_{\perp}$ $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$ are way more sensitive to the QGP thermalization time, $\tau_0$, than the distributions of low-$p_{\perp}$ particles, and that the high-$p_{\perp}$ observables prefer relatively late thermalization at $\tau_0$ ∼ 1 fm/c. To calculate high-$p_{\perp}$ $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$, we employ our newly developed DREENA-A formalism, which combines state-of-the-art dynamical energy loss model with 3+1 dimensional hydrodynamical simulations. The model applies to both light and heavy flavor, and we predict a larger sensitivity of heavy observables to the thermalization time. Elliptic flow parameter $v_2$ is also more sensitive to $\tau_0$ than $R_{AA}$ due to non-trivial differences in the evolution of in-plane and out-of-plane temperature profiles. This presents the first time when a parameter describing bulk QGP has been constrained by high-$p_{\perp}$ observables and related theory, i.e., by so-called QGP tomography.

Speaker: Mr Stefan Stojku (Institute of Physics University of Belgrade)
• 113
Characterizing the collective behavior in small and large systems with ATLAS

Measurements of open heavy-flavor hadron production in proton-proton collisions provide a crucial baseline for interpreting measurements in nucleus-nucleus collisions, and allow for the investigation of the origin and underlying mechanism of collective effects in small systems.
These measurements are performed with the ATLAS detector at the LHC and capitalize on the large Run 2 $pp$ dataset at 5.02 TeV and 13 TeV.
This talk presents published results on the azimuthal anisotropy ($v_2$ and $v_3$) of muons from heavy-flavor decays in 13 TeV $pp$ collisions, as well as new results on the heavy-flavor muon production cross-section in 5.02 TeV $pp$ collisions.
In both measurements, muons from charm and bottom hadrons with $p_\mathrm{T} > 4$ GeV are statistically separated using the transverse impact parameter with respect to the primary collision vertex.
Muons from charm hadrons are found to have a significant azimuthal anisotropy in high-multiplicity $pp$ collisions, with a magnitude and $p_\mathrm{T}$-dependence similar to that for light hadrons.
On the other hand, the anisotropy for muons from bottom hadrons is significantly smaller, compatible with zero, demonstrating a strong mass dependence for collective effects in small systems.
Additionally, the differential cross-section for charm and bottom muon production in $5.02$ TeV $pp$ collisions is presented and compared to FONLL predictions.
We discuss this measurement in the context of similar data-theory comparisons in $pp$ collisions at other experiments and collision energies.

Speaker: Pengqi Yin (Columbia University (US))
• Heavy Flavor (Charmonia): Parallel 5 Room D (Zoom)

### Room D

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Mriganka Mouli Mondal https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/93238724142
Convener: Andrea Dainese (INFN - Padova (IT))
• 114
Charmonium transition in electromagnetic and rotational elds

We study charmonia in electromagnetic and rotational fields in the frame of a potential model. Different from the temperature field which is isotropic and leads to the well-known charmonium dissociation, the electromagnetic and rotational fields break down the radial symmetry, and the competition between strong interaction and electromagnetic and rotational interaction in the direction of Lorentz force makes the charmonia transit from an isotropic bound state of strong interaction with positive binding energy to an anisotropic bound state of electromagnetic and rotational interaction with negative binding energy. The transition seems possible to be realized in high energy nuclear collisions.

Speaker: jiaxing zhao (Tsinghua University)
• 115
Quarkonia as probe of the QGP and of the initial stages of the heavy ion collision with ALICE

The production of quarkonia is one of the first proposed probes of the QGP properties in heavy-ion collisions. Since heavy quarks are produced during the early hard partonic collisions, they experience the entire evolution of the fireball. The suppression of quarkonium bound states by the free color charges of the dense deconfined medium, as well as the charmonium regeneration by (re)combination of charm quarks at the QGP phase boundary or through the fireball evolution, are sensitive to the medium properties. Furthermore, a modification of the quarkonium vector states polarization in Pb-Pb collisions with respect to pp collisions may give insights on quarkonium suppression and regeneration mechanisms in the QGP. Quarkonia are also sensitive to the initial state of heavy-ion collisions and could help constraining the nuclear gluon distribution at low Bjorken-x, in photonuclear collisions. In this contribution, we will report on the recent ALICE measurements of the J/$\psi$ $R_{\rm AA}$ as a function of centrality/$p_{\rm T}$, and on final J/$\psi$ $v_{2}$ results, at both central and forward rapidity, using the full Run 2 Pb-Pb data sample. The final $\Upsilon$(1S) $R_{\rm AA}$ and $v_{2}$, $\Upsilon$(2S) $R_{\rm AA}$, and J/$\psi$ $v_{3}$ measured at forward rapidity will also be shown. We will also report on the first measurement of the J/$\psi$ polarization in Pb-Pb collisions as a function of centrality/$p_{\rm T}$ and provide prospects for measurements as a function of the event plane. Finally, the recent coherent J/$\psi$ photoproduction cross section measurement in Pb–Pb collisions with nuclear overlap at √s$_{\rm NN}$ = 5.02 TeV, which extends previous measurements towards more central collisions, will be shown considering the full Run 2 data sample. The aforementioned results will be compared and confronted to theoretical model predictions.

Speaker: Ingrid Mckibben Lofnes (University of Bergen (NO))
• 116
Recent J/ψ results in p+p and Au+Au collisions from STAR

Heavy quarkonia are ideal probes of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). The J/ψ suppression due to the color screening effect in heavy-ion collisions is a key experimental observable to study the QGP. At RHIC energies, charm quark recombination could also affect the J/ψ yield in the QGP. Measurements of J/ψ production in Au+Au collisions at different collision energies will help to understand the interplay of these mechanisms for J/ψ production in heavy-ion collisions. Additionally, measurements of J/ψ cross section, polarization and its production in jets in p+p collisions are important in understanding the J/ψ production mechanism in vacuum.

Suppression of the J/ψ production at mid-rapidity in the Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV from the STAR experiment showed no significant collision energy dependence within large uncertainties. In 2017, STAR collected a high statistics sample of 54.4 GeV Au+Au collisions which is more than ten times larger than the 39 and 62.4 GeV data. In this talk, we will present new measurements of inclusive J/ψ production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 54.4 GeV by the STAR experiment. The collision energy and transverse momentumdependences of the nuclear modification factor will be presented. We will also present the measurements of J/ψ cross section and polarization in p+p collisions, as well as the first measurement of the fraction of charged jet transverse momentum carried by the J/ψ meson at $\sqrt{s}$ = 500 GeV. Physics implications of these results will also be discussed.

Speaker: Kaifeng Shen
• 117
Quarkonium results from PHENIX

Quarkonia are among the most important tools for studying Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) in high energy hadronic collisions. Despite decades of extensive studies, we still have a limited knowledge of their production mechanism and hadronization; and carrying out as many measurements as possible in $p$$+$$p$ collisions over a broad kinematic region at different energies is essential to understanding their production mechanisms. Quarkonia are very valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and also an important probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems.
The PHENIX experiment has measured inclusive $J/\psi$ production as well as its angular decay coefficients at mid ($|y|<0.35$) and forward ($1.2<|y|<2.2$) rapidities in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at 200 GeV and 510 GeV; and at forward ($1.2<|y|<2.2$) rapidity in a variety of small collision systems ($p$+Al, $p$+Au and $^3\mbox{He}$+Au) at 200 GeV. Results from these measurements will be presented.

Speaker: Murad Sarsour (Georgia State University)
• Open and New (IV): Parallel 5 Room C (Zoom)

### Room C

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Zhongling Ji https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/99045792821
Convener: Nu Xu (LBNL)
• 118
Triple nuclear collisions – a new method to explore the matter properties under new extreme conditions

We suggest to explore an entirely new method to experimentally and theoretically study the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter based on the triple nuclear collisions (TNC). The key element of such experiments is to use the superthin solid target operated in the core of two colliding beams [1]. Our approach is based on the successful data-taking in the LHCb experiment in which the colliding and fixed gaseous target modes are running simultaneously [2]. The estimates show that under the high luminosity LHC conditions the TNC rate might reach an observable level of 1 event over 1000 s.
We simulated the TNC using the UrQMD 3.4 model [3, 4] at the beam center-of-mass collision energies √s = 200 GeV and √s = 2.76 TeV. We found that in the most central and simultaneous TNC the initial baryonic charge density is about 3 times higher than the one achieved in the usual binary nuclear collisions at the same energies. As a consequence, a production of protons and Λ-hyperons is increased by 2 and 1.5 respectively, respectively, while a sizable suppression of their antiparticles is observed.
At the beam center-of-mass collision energies of 10-40 GeV, the production of protons as well as of Λ-hyperons is enhanced approximately by a factor of 2.2 compared to the binary collisions, while the positive kaons are enhanced by 1.5. Hence we conclude that in the TNC method it is possible to create substantially denser strange matter than in the binary collisions. We argue that this method at lower energies can be of principal importance for searching the (tri)critical endpoint of the QCD phase diagram.

References:
[1] V. Pugatch, International Conference "CERN-Ukraine co-operation: current state and prospects“ Kharkiv. 15-May-2018; LHCb-TALK-2018-557.
[2] LHCb Collaboration. SMOG2.Tecnical Design Report. CERN-LHCC-2019-005l.
[3] S.A. Bass et al., Prog. Part. Nucl. Phys. 41 (1998), 225-370.
[4] M. Bleicher et al., J. Phys. G 25 (1999), 1859-1896.

Speakers: Prof. Kyrill Bugaev (Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev, Ukraine), Mr Oleksandr Vitiuk (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv)
• 119
Studying strangeness and baryon production in small systems through Ξ−hadron correlations using the ALICE detector

One of the remaining puzzles in heavy-ion physics is that enhanced yields of multistrange hadrons — believed to be a signature of the quark–gluon plasma — are not only observed in heavy-ion collisions, but also in high-multiplicity proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions. Various phenomenological models have been developed to try to understand this, such as rope hadronisation (available in PYTHIA 8.230) and core-corona models (used in EPOS). A prediction of the string/rope model is that strangeness is produced through $\mathrm{s\bar{s}}$ pair breakings in the hadronisation phase, resulting in close correlations in phase space between strange and anti-strange hadrons, whereas in a core-corona model, strange quarks are produced earlier in the collision than strange hadrons, resulting in much weaker correlations. Experimentally, this can be studied by triggering on a (multi)strange hadron and studying the distribution of particle pairs of opposite strangeness. Here the same-strangeness pairs provide an estimate for the combinatorial background, so by subtracting these, one can access the part which is due to balancing quantum numbers.

In this talk, we present results on the correlations between strange particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV that are studied by triggering on Ξ$^−$ or Ξ$^+$ baryons and measuring per-trigger yields of charged kaons, Λ and Ξ baryons for several multiplicity classes, using the ALICE detector. Similarly, charge and baryon correlations are studied by measuring also per-trigger yields of pions and protons. The results are compared to theoretical predictions by PYTHIA and EPOS, where for PYTHIA two extensions are included: rope hadronisation and string junctions. The latter provides an alternative mechanism for baryon production. These results allow one to learn more about the strangeness and baryon production mechanisms, and how they change with multiplicity.

Speaker: Jonatan Adolfsson (Lund University (SE))
• 120
Heavy-quark effects on cold quark matter and self-bound stars

The heavy-quark effects on the equation of state for cold and dense quark matter are obtained from perturbative QCD, yielding observables parametrized only by the renormalization scale. In particular, we investigate the thermodynamics of charm quark matter under the constraints of β equilibrium and electric charge neutrality in a region of densities where perturbative QCD is, in principle, much more reliable. Finally, we analyze the stability of charm stars, which might be realized as a new branch of ultradense hybrid compact stars, and find that such self-bound stars are unstable under radial oscillations.

Speaker: José C. Jiménez
• 121
Using DREENA framework to explore properties of QGP

DREENA framework is based on our dynamical energy loss formalism, which takes into account ﬁnite size, ﬁnite temperature QCD medium consisting of dynamical (moving) partons. Both radiative and collisional energy losses are calculated under the same theoretical framework in the dynamical energy loss formalism, which is applicable to both light and heavy ﬂavor observables. We generalized the formalism to the case of ﬁnite magnetic mass, running coupling, and towards removing widely used soft-gluon approximation. Importantly, DREENA provides a natural framework where temperature profile from any medium evolution can be straightforwardly implemented. We exploit this by implementing different state-of-the-art medium evolutions (both smooth and event-by-event hydrodynamics simulations) within DREENA framework. DREENA does not use free parameters, i.e. its only input is the temperature profile that comes directly from various QGP simulation models. This opens possibility to use DREENA on both light and heavy flavor to test and differentiate between different available QGP evolution models, including both large and smaller systems, making DREENA a multipurpose QGP tomography tool. Our results on these tests will be presented, which enables us to gain a better understanding of the bulk QGP medium created at RHIC and LHC. As a highlight, contrary to the existing models, which for full hydro evolution models lead to $v_2$ puzzle, with DREENA we surprisingly obtain a very good joint agreement between $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$ data. This well known puzzle therefore appears to be a consequence of a simplified energy loss commonly used by other models – once a proper description of parton medium interactions is used, $v_2$ puzzle is abolished. While a widely accepted paradigm is that proper medium evolution description dominates in explaining high $p_T$ data, this result strongly suggests that proper description of parton-medium interactions is much more important.

Speaker: Dusan Zigic (Institute of Physics Belgrade)
• Resonances and Hypernuclei (II): Parallel 5 Room B (Zoom)

### Room B

#### Zoom

zoom co-host: Klaus Dehmelt https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/98548694974
Convener: Domenico Elia (INFN Bari)
• 122
Study of Charge Symmetry Breaking in A = 4 hypernuclei in $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The Λ binding energy difference, which is called the charge symmetry breaking in the ground states of a pair of A = 4 hypernuclei, $^{4}_{\Lambda}$H and $^{4}_{\Lambda}$He, was measured to be $\Delta B^{4}_{\Lambda}(0^{+}_{g.s.})$ ≈ 350 keV in nuclear emulsion experiments in 1970s. In the 2015 experiment from J-PARC, the binding energy difference in excited states $\Delta B^{4}_{\Lambda}(1^{+}_{exc})$ ≈ 30 keV was found to be much smaller than the ground states. In 2016, the A1 collaboration updated the values to $\Delta B^{4}_{\Lambda}(0^{+}_{g.s.})$ ≈ 233 keV and $\Delta B^{4}_{\Lambda}(1^{+}_{exc})$ ≈ −83 keV. These values are diﬀicult to be reproduced in existing theoretical models. The full understanding of the charge symmetry breaking in A = 4 hypernuclei still remains an open question.
As part of the STAR fixed target program, the STAR detector took the data in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV in 2018. The high production yield of hypernuclei provides an opportunity to measure the binding energies of both A = 4 hypernuclei in ground states in the same experiment to address this charge symmetry breaking puzzle. In this talk, we will present the measurement of the charge symmetry breaking in A = 4 hypernuclei in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$ = 3 GeV. The signal reconstruction and binding energy measurement of $^{4}_{\Lambda}$H and $^{4}_{\Lambda}$He, including energy loss correction and systematic uncertainty evaluation, will be discussed. Our preliminary result for ground states is smaller than the old results. Combined with the energy levels of excited states, our preliminary result for excited states shows a negative value and is compareable to the value of ground states. These results will be compared to previous measurements and theoretical models.

Speaker: Tianhao Shao (Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics)
• 123
Studying hypertriton production, lifetime, and binding in different collision systems with ALICE

The $^{3}_{\Lambda}\text{H}$ is a bound state of proton (p), neutron (n) and $\Lambda$. Studying its characteristics provides insights about the strong interaction between the $\Lambda$ and ordinary nucleons. In particular, the $^{3}_{\Lambda}\text{H}$ is an extremely loosely bound object, with a large wave function. As a consequence, the measured (anti-)$^{3}_{\Lambda}\text{H}$ production yields in pp and p-Pb collisions are extremely sensitive to nucleosynthesis models. Thanks to the very large set of pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions collected during Run 2 of the LHC, the ALICE collaboration has performed systematic studies on the $^{3}_{\Lambda}\text{H}$ lifetime, binding energy and production across different collision systems. The new ALICE results on hypertriton properties have a precision which is comparable with the current world average and they can be used to constrain the state-of-the-art calculations which describe the $^{3}_{\Lambda}\text{H}$ internal structure. The precision of the presented measurements allows for tighter constraints to available theoretical models. In particular, some configurations of the Statistical Hadronisation and Coalescence models can be excluded.

Speaker: Pietro Fecchio (Politecnico di Torino (IT))
• 124
Dynamical cluster and hypernuclei production in heavy-ion collisions

We study the cluster and hypernuclei production in heavy-ion collisions from SIS to RHIC energies based on the n-body dynamical transport approach PHQMD (Parton-Hadron-Quantum-Molecular-Dynamics). In PHQMD clusters are formed dynamically due to the interactions between baryons described on a basis of Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) which allows to propagate the n-body Wigner density and n-body correlations in phase-space, essential for the cluster formation. The clusters are identified by the MST (Minimum Spanning Tree) or the SACA (‘Simulated Annealing Cluster Algorithm’) algorithm which finds the most bound configuration of nucleons and clusters. Collisions among hadrons as well as Quark-Gluon-Plasma formation and parton dynamics in PHQMD are treated in the same way as in the established PHSD (Parton-Hadron-String-Dynamics) transport approach. We study the time evolution of the cluster creation in the
expanding medium and the stability of the clusters. We present the comparison of the PHQMD results for $d, t, He^3$ and heavy clusters as well as for the hypernuclei with experimental data.

Speaker: Elena Bratkovskaya (GSI, Darmstadt)
• 125
${}^{3}_{\Lambda}$H and ${}^{4}_{\Lambda}$H Lifetime, Yield, Directed Flow and 3-body Decay Measurements in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}=3$ GeV with the STAR detector

The study of hyperon-nucleon (Y-N) interactions is of great interest in recent years because of its relation to high-density matter systems. For example, the presence of hyperons inside neutron stars would soften the equation of state. Hypernuclei, bound states of nucleons and hyperons, serve as a probe to study the Y-N interaction.

In this talk, the lifetime of ${}^{3}_{\Lambda}$H and ${}^{4}_{\Lambda}$H, and the rapidity and centrality dependence of their yields in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}=3$ GeV will be presented. The measured yield will be compared to measurements at other energies and to theoretical models, and the physics implications will be discussed. We also report the first observation of the ${}^{3}_{\Lambda}$H and ${}^{4}_{\Lambda}$H directed flow in $5-40\%$ centrality. The directed flow of ${}^{3}_{\Lambda}$H and ${}^{4}_{\Lambda}$H are compared with those of the copiously produced particles such as $p$, $\Lambda$, $d$, $t$, ${}^{3}$He and ${}^{4}$He. These results will shed light on light hypernuclei production in heavy-ion collisions in the high baryon density region. Finally, reconstructing hypernuclei using different decay channels allows us to measure their decay branching ratios. In particular, the three-body decay channels are sensitive to the quantum numbers of the hypernuclei ground state, which can be studied with the Dalitz plot technique. The observation of ${}^{3}_{\Lambda}$H $\rightarrow d+p+\pi$, ${}^{4}_{\Lambda}$He $\rightarrow {}^{3}\rm{He}+p+\pi$ and ${}^{5}_{\Lambda}$He $\rightarrow {}^{4}\rm{He}+p+\pi$ will be presented and discussed.

Speaker: Hu Chenlu (Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
• Memorials for Jean Cleymans, Jean Letessier, Richard Majka and Jack Sandweiss: Plenary 8 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Convener: John William Harris (Yale University (US))
• 126
Exact strangeness conservation and particle production in HIC from SIS to LHC
Speaker: Krzysztof Redlich (University of Wroclaw)
• 127
Statistical hadronization of strangeness and charm
Speaker: Giorgio Torrieri (IFGW, Unicamp)
• 128
Recent development of TPC for Heavy-Ion experiments
Speaker: Prof. Thomas Hemmick (Stony Brook University)
• 129
From nuggets of SQM to domains of broken symmetry
Speaker: Prof. Evan Finch
• 12:50 PM
Break
• Resonances and Hypernuclei from Quark Matter: Plenary 9 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: In-Kwon Yoo (Pusan National University (KR))
• 130
Hadronic interactions from femtoscopic correlations
Speaker: Yuki Kamiya
• 131
Resonance production from low to high energy
Speaker: Jihye Song (University of Houston (US))
• 132
Hypernuclei and antihypernuclei production in heavy-ion collisions
Speaker: Yue Hang Leung (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
• 133
STAR Detector Upgrades
Speaker: Chi Yang (Shandong University)
• Saturday, May 22
• Open Questions and Perspectives: Plenary 10 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: Lijuan Ruan
• 134
Andre Mischke Young Scientist Award
Speaker: Christina Markert (University of Texas at Austin (US))
• 135
Open theory questions for the next SQMs
Speaker: Bjoern Schenke (Brookhaven National Lab)
• 136
Open experiment questions for the next SQMs
Speaker: Francesca Bellini (Universita e INFN, Bologna (IT))
• Future Experiments and Facilities: Plenary 11 Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678
Convener: James Dunlop
• 137
CBM
Speakers: Norbert Herrmann (Univ. Heidelberg), Norbert Herrmann (Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg), Norbert Willi Herrmann (Ruprecht Karls Universitaet Heidelberg (DE))
• 138
MPD
Speaker: Adam Kisiel (Warsaw University of Technology (PL))
• 139
sPHENIX
Speaker: Dr Yasser Corrales Morales (Los Alamos National Laboratory (US))
• 140
an overview of the expected physics output from Run 3 at the LHC
Speaker: Marco Van Leeuwen (Nikhef National institute for subatomic physics (NL))
• SQM2022 and Closing: Closing Plenary (Zoom)

### Plenary

#### Zoom

Zoom co-host: Roli Esha, https://stonybrook.zoom.us/j/92106598678 passcode available to registered participants: https://indico.cern.ch/event/985652/page/22492-conference-zoom-rooms-and-indico-upload
Conveners: Zhangbu Xu (Brookhaven National Laboratory), In-Kwon Yoo (Pusan National University (KR))
• 141
SQM2022 updates
Speaker: In Kwon Yoo (Pusan National University (KR))
• 142
Closing
Speaker: Zhangbu Xu (Brookhaven National Laboratory)